There’s a reason the History Channel has produced hundreds of documentaries about Hitler but only a few about Dwight D. Eisenhower. Bad guys (and gals) are eternally fascinating. Behind the Bastards dives in past the Cliffs Notes of the worst humans in history and exposes the bizarre realities of their lives. Listeners will learn about the young adult novels that helped Hitler form his monstrous ideology, the founder of Blackwater’s insane quest to build his own Air Force, the bizarre lives of the sons and daughters of dictators and Saddam Hussein’s side career as a trashy romance novelist.
Sat, 08 Jan 2022 05:02
All of this week's episodes of It Could Happen Here put together in one large file.
Join us on 2/17 for a live digital experience of Behind the Bastards (plus Q&A) featuring Robert Evans, Propaganda, & Sophie Lichterman. If you can't make it, the show will be available for replay until 2/24!
Learn more about your ad-choices at https://www.iheartpodcastnetwork.com
See omnystudio.com/listener for privacy information.
Hello, I'm Erica Kelly from the podcast Southern Fried True crime, and if you want to go from podcast fan to podcast host, do what I did and check out spreaker from iheart. I was working in accounting and hating it. Then after just 18 months of podcasting with Spreaker, I was able to quit my day job. Follow your podcasting dreams, let's break or handle the hosting, creation, distribution, and monetization of your podcast. Go to spreaker.com. That's spreaker.com. Wanna say I don't know less? Listen to stuff you should know more. Join host Josh and Chuck on the podcast packed with fascinating discussions about science, history, pop culture and more episodes. Dive into topics like was the lost, city of Atlantis Real? And how does pizza work? Say goodbye to I don't know. Because after listening to stuff you should know you will listen to stuff you should know on the iHeartRadio app, Apple Podcasts, or wherever you get your podcasts. Hey there, it's Ebony Monet, your co-host for the San Diego Zoo's Amazing Wildlife podcast. In this special episode, we're speaking with Doctor Jane Goodall about the fascinating journey that led to her social discoveries on chimpanzees. So four whole months, the chimps ran away from me. I mean, they take one look at this peculiar white ape and disappear into the vegetation. Bing wildlife on the iHeartRadio app or wherever you get your podcasts. I'm Jake Halpern's, host of deep cover. Our new season is about a lawyer who helped the mob run Chicago. He bribed judges and even helped a hit man walk free until one day when he started talking with the FBI and promised that he could take the mob down. I've spent the past year trying to figure out why he flipped and what he was really after. Listen to deep cover on the iHeartRadio app, Apple Podcasts, or wherever you get your podcasts. The Gangster Chronicles Podcast is a weekly conversation that revolves around underworld criminals and entertainers to victims of crime and law enforcement. We cover all facets of the game. Gangster Chronicles podcast doesn't glorify promote illicit activities. We just discussed the ramifications and repercussions of these activities because after all, if you play gangster games, you are ultimately rewarded with gangster prizes. iHeartRadio is number one for podcast, but don't take our word for it. Find the Gangster Chronicles podcast on. By heart radio app or wherever you get your podcast. We've all felt left out, and for people who moved to this country, that feeling lasts more than a moment. We can change that. Learn how a belonging begins with us.org, brought to you by the ad council. Hey everybody, Robert Evans here and I wanted to let you know this is a compilation episode, so every episode of the week that just happened is here in one convenient and with somewhat less ads package for you to listen to in a long stretch if you want. If you've been listening to the episodes every day this week, there's going to be nothing new here for you, but you can make your own decisions. Welcome everyone to the IT could happen here podcast. My name is Sid Andrew and I'll be your host as. We talk about politics stuff. With me today is Garrison Hello, and Christopher Hello and Sophie hi. And today we will be tackling, but rather will be taking a trip to the anarchist activism in Latin America with a specific ESMO. But first we need to get into some context here. The first organization to promote the concept of a specific small was the Federacion Anarquista Uruguaya, or the FAU. Which is founded in 1956 by anarchist militants who embraced the idea of an organization that was specifically anarchist. For those who don't know, not long after 1956, rather 2 decades after 1956, the US installed a dictatorship in Uruguay that lasted from 1973 to 1985. Yeah, I feel you survived that dictatorship and went on to establish connections with other South American anarchist revolutionaries. So they helped to support the founding of the federal Shao Anarquista Gaucha or FG. I don't know if I'm pronouncing it correctly. The federal show Anarquista Cabocla and the federal show Anarquista the. Rio de Janeiro or FRG and their respective regions of Brazil and they also help to found the Argentinian organization known as Alca, which means rebel. While only coming on to stage. In Latin America, within last few decades, the ideas that really make up especially small touch on our historic thread that's really run through the anarchist movement. Internationally since the beginning. It me as we get into like what is supposed feasible is and stuff. It may sound very similar to platform itself. Are you all familiar with? That current, yeah. I'm familiar with platforms a little bit, but we can probably. I don't know explain it for the people at, at, at home who are not as. Who do not spend as much time thinking about, uh, right, right. Old, old anarchist terms. Right, right, right. So. Dear generic listener or viewer or whatever platform ISM. Began. With a document that was written in 1926 by the former peasant army leader Nestor Makhno. Ethernet and other militants of the D Lo trudder, or workers course group. They published a document called Organizational Platform of the libertarian communists, and it was written in response to well. Being. Exiled from the Russian Revolution. And having to. Struggle really to find their footing after the Bolsheviks tend to work associates into instruments of one party rule. So the power space group, the deal Trudeau, they really criticized the anarchist movement for a lack of organization. So they proposed an alternative that is controversial to some anarchists, but it's essentially a general union of anarchists based on anarchist communism that would strive for theoretical and tactical unity and a focus on clash. Struggle and labour unions, obviously. Platform is some like all political ideas, it's not a static, you know the world has progressed significantly in a century. So while there is an emphasis on workers struggle and class struggle, but he's speak to most platforms today. I would say obviously I don't have stats on that. I would say most platforms can recognize that you know. The new over the class war is a bit reductive. I've also noticed actually that platform has been gaining a bit more popularity lately. I don't know if it's just me and my perception, but. I don't know if you've seen that. I have. I've not seen tons of it here. A lot of the type of anarchism I'm around, or at least see is, is, is, is not, is. Not in this vein, but most most of the stuff I see. Is like around like the kind of like live anarchy type kind of strains and more individualists. Great, great. But that's just I think a very like Pacific Northwest specific thing that the anarchists here just kind of generally trend in that direction. So I'm, I'm, I'm not sure what it's literally like across like this country and other places around the world. Yeah, I know, I know, I know, I've definitely seen it especially. I think, I think it's it's. I don't know, almost think it's bigger a few years ago, but back like 2018, 2017, there was a big spike of black rose. Right. Him sort of serious group for a while. And yeah, people who like called themselves like anarcho communists or anarcho syndicalists kind of generally swam in this general ocean. Yeah, I definitely saw that as a bigger thing in 2018 than now, at least like locally from my area. And I think I, I will say yeah, the, the, the black people, a lot of them like very specifically were especially some base and a lot of it was based on like people who had like experiences. With the specific smell and sort of various ways. Right, right. Yeah, because I was actually just about to say, I think that Black rose is more as pacifist and platform is, but of course there is, you know, a lot of overlap between these two currents. Right. As for my experience with like platform and some and stuff have. Seen discussions of it happening more. I mean, that's all I can really see that I've seen. Have you ever read it once, but? At least if discussions are happening, the likelihood of things coming out of it might be a bit increased, I guess. Another current that has been part of the anarchist milieu, zeitgeist, wave, whatever. Is organizational dualism which came out to the 1920s Italian anarchist movement. So they used the term to describe involvements of anarchists both as members of anarchists, specific political organizations and also as militants in the labour movement. In Spain, the Friends of Durutti Group emerged to oppose the gradual review, so this matchup solution 1936, and they also ended up emulating some of the ideas of the platform by criticizing, you know, the CNTF's sorry CNTF AI's gradual reformism and collaboration with Republican government. So the sponsor of war and stuff, you know, there's a lot of forces at play and I'm going to get into now, but. It is. I would say as a side note, important to. Recognize that there is no monolith when it comes to like these sort of civil wars and historical events. They have to look at things in context and you know it's not. Try to strip them away from the goings ONS of the time. Also. The Chinese anarchist movement of the 1910s advocated for similar ideas. I'm going to try to pronounce the name of the group. Hopefully I don't get cancelled, but it's The Who Shang Fu Kong Shanshui Tong Shizz Hui. I think, which is the Society of Anarchist Communist comrades. And yeah, they advocated for a lot of similar ideas. So there's a lot of different currents around the world influenced by, you know, the historical conditions, but the general thread that, you know, anarchists need to get together and. Work as a unit. Is, you know. Was stressed in it right? And it specifies move is just a fresh continuation of this thread of this trend. So. What is a? What is a specifies more exactly? The three key concepts that I see emphasized again and again. One, the need for specifically anarchist organization built around a unity of ideas and practices 2 the use of this specifically anarchist organization to theorize and develop strategic, political, and organizing work. And three, active involvement in and building of autonomous and popular social movements, which is described as the process of social inclusion. So. Kind of core to the whole specific current is. Which is rather antithetical to some of the trends that I've seen in the past couple of years. It's just it's sort of a rejection of this left unity idea, right, this idea that there could be these, this sort of big tent organization that. Can. Somehow establish all these different visions simultaneously, right? So specifics reject the idea of just. Unity for unity seek because they feel it boils down to sort of lowest common denominator to kind of wishy washy politics. If you look when Unity is referred at all costs. It leaves very little room for unified action or developed political discussion, in fact. In my experience, when you have like a lot of political heterogeneity. There tends to be a lot of unproductive drama, for lack of better word. Obviously, people of different political stripes should. We're together and there's no like. Harmat, but the same time when it comes to certain types of organizations having a sense of ideological unity. Is, I would say pretty important as you know you don't wanna. Have all these different groups constantly. Butting heads for these different visions, you know, you gonna have at least some sense that we're moving In Sync, right? You know, going to have some people who are trying to. Establish social democracy and some people who are trying to get like. This worker stated quote UN quote or you know. People who just want. I don't know, like a higher minimum wage, right? I mean, everyone's on a different stage of their political journey, but what especificas try to emphasize is that while we can work within these larger social movements. It's important that it's specifically come together to try to shape. Those movements in an organized way. And I'll explain, because it kind of sounds a bit like vanguardism for some people this idea that you know, this this. Cabal of like revolutionaries are trying to like manipulate things behind the scenes. But really, what I specialists argue is that anarchists need a space. We need a space for like common strategy and reflection and collective responsibility. And you know a place to discuss plans and build trust and share analysis and. You know, puts together shorts and long term goals. All that jazz. So while the specifics do. Reach out to and work with social movements regardless of whether they fit this quote UN quote anarchist purity test. And I see that with my tongue planted firmly in cheek, of course. He wants to make sure that they can sue still as an active minority so that these movements aren't diluted. And so I'm notice I'm like throwing out a lot of different woods and freezes and ideas, you know, things like ideological unity and the need for. Sort of a consensus within the group. And Speaking of, I've spoken about consensus on my child before, so I have a breakdown on it that people could check out if they'd like. I was spoke of unified strategy, right? So you're not just joking around, you actually have a mapped out to the strategy like for example black socialists in America. They aren't like a specifically a specificed org to my knowledge, but you can see that they have like a unified like clearly little strategy and then making moves to make. To like, achieve it. And they're very public about those moves, right? I also want to emphasize, of course, and it specifies more the whole idea of this act of minority. You know, it's not just. A bunch of like sound like a passive book club, right? And a specific group is a group of people who are passionate about. You know this cause. And obviously passion people have this habit of. By you know before they can more than they can shoot, right? So what I would advise like a specialist on a specific attachment, adjacent groups and you really just organizations in general. Is that? Keep your size in mind. Keep achievable goals within sight because. If you don't, you know it's very easy to burn out very quickly, you know. With this specific groups. It's important that they understand their responsibility, but also that they understand their limits. Lastly and very importantly, social institution I think is one of the most important parts for specific IMO and I think even if you don't take anything away from like a specific specific small. You at the very least like. Implement social and solution or at least concepts within social institution into organizing, right? Because obviously anarchists are kind of fewer number. But what's social and social and tries to point out I guess, or tries to develop? Within a movement, it's just awareness. That's the people. Who are making these moves from organizing and whatnot that they don't relinquish their power to like? Other figures or forces or parties or whatever the case may be. Right. Social institution stems from the belief that the oppressed or the most revolutionary sector of society and the seed of future revolutionary transformation of society lies already in these classes and social groupings. So it doesn't mean socialization doesn't mean like acting within single issue advocacy campaigns or. You know. Like trying to take over people's existence struggles, it means getting involved in daily fights and daily struggles for people to better their own conditions. It means, you know, connecting with workers, connecting with immigrants, connecting across neighborhoods, working towards racial liberation, working within student struggles and tenant struggles. As people are like part of these struggles. They become conscious of their place in society, right? And part of our rule is to try to develop their consciousness. So as people are tempered and tested and recreated, they see. Their position in the. Was sort of looking for in the pecking order, right, they see. That. There are forces at play that are keeping them down, their structures, they are keeping them down, and they change from just being like social classes to being active social forces. So they are brought together by organic methods and. By self organized religion, which you'll notice with the popular movements like for example, Black Lives Matter, is that unlike what some conservatives might assume, the Black Lives Matter organization wasn't the one like pulling the strings, you know, like the official group wasn't there, you know, telling people, OK, March here, putting that right here, move that, you know, it's like the people themselves came together. And. You know, over the expressed. The desire for change. And so really. As they become. Self-conscious actors, aware of their power, of their voice, of their nemesis, which is the ruling elites that control their social order. Expressivist try to keep. That. Thrust, right. What specialists argue is that essentially there's an anarchist. Undercurrent to popular social movements that should be perceived, I mean teamed and cultivated, right? With popular movements, they're very quickly coopted by impositions of leadership, or by, you know, academic elites, or by political parties. But specifics aren't there to try to make groups identify as anarchist, right? They're there to just maintain that thrust, to be self organized and to fight for their own interests. Because ultimately, that's our natural impulse as humans. You know, it's really the propaganda that tells us. You know. Like you have to go through these proper channels, you know you have to. Vote with your dollar or, you know, vote for these politicians or whatever the case may be. Canvas and all these different things. Call up your representatives. You know, the natural thrust of a person is not to, like, relinquish control of themselves. You know, it's to try to maintain that. And so especially tried to push against the propaganda that keeps us from maintaining that push against the cooptation that ships that from us. Sue? To any sort of automatic critiques of Especificado come to mind for you all. I'm not sure about like critiques per se. We need to like think about it more, but a few things like come to mind around. So like you talked a bit about like the difference between like left unity and creating like an anarchist unity. And for people at home, I would like to maybe extrapolate why those are different things. I know you have a good video on left unity already, but like in terms of trying to like you know if if one of the goals being creating like an anarchist organization that kind of unifies different anarchists, how that is a different type of unity than just left unity in general? Umm. Think that might be a a point of clarification. And then the the other thing I was wondering about is like how does this intersect in terms of like individual goals versus like group goals or like organizational goals and so like because like there's a, there's a back and forth between like. Personal autonomy and then you know these type of social movements that. Kind of almost gain their own thrust. Right, right. Yes, to the point about the difference in left unity and anarchist unity. Well, obviously anarchists. Or assume. Fairly heterogeneous, I think. Our general thrust for self determination and autonomy and that kind of thing is what brings us together, you know? The difference between like the anarchist unity where they definitely. Some I would say key disagreements within the milieu and left unity is that I feel there are some extremely incompatible factors that prevent left unity from being. Viable you know, when there's a thrust among significant segments. I mean, really. Every non libertarian segment of you know the quote UN quote left to funnel our popular energy towards state institutions, whether it be through insurrectionary social democracy or reformist social democracy in the case of MLS and socdems respectively. I think that that really keeps us from. Really working together on anything more than small goals and small projects. I mean, we've really seen. Who were left Unity idea fall apart you know, through wars and through. Even just like. What should be discussions between people, you know, like the first international literally splits because of the differences between, you know, the so-called left currents, you know, between the anarchists and the other Socialists, so. Last year it is not something that I even to achieve. I think most people know that about me by now. Umm, but regards to like anarchist unity and of course the differences between artists, I think the general. Dressed to maintain the autonomy and self determination of the people and of the social movements we are inserting ourselves in. Is what really glues us together. And of course, that alone, I don't know if that's enough to maintain a specific organization because, you know, like, I noted. Expressive fists try to develop. Deeper level, you know strategies and theoretical discussion and that kind of thing. And so with those sort of discussions you know you're going to see a lot more of the distinctions bearing out. But at the very least. I think anarchists generally. Could benefit from a degree of at least unity in the sense of maintaining, or solidarity in the sense of maintaining. The libertarian thrust of popular movement, as the other thing that you had noted about these sort of friction between individual goals and organizational goals, you know, between autonomy and so the whole social movements and of taking on like an energy of their own. Umm. To be quite honest, I don't think I have like a fully. Developed answer for that, yeah. Because on the one hand. A social movement that forgets. That it is about, you know. Deliberation of individuals. Is you know, in my view as such move fund that's quickly going to. End up turning against the people who are, you know, fueling it. At the same time. I've interacted with like a lot of people. Pretty selfish or pretty egotistical or just argumentative for the sake of it? Sorry. So if you gonna say something, yeah, I was just like the thing that keeps popping up into my head is, you know, one of the things that. Gets misconstrued all the time is who's calling the shots, and I kind of feel like what you're saying is everybody. In a way, right. Yeah, yeah, I think that like. Which is good sometimes, but not good other times. Obviously, exactly, yeah, because I think it's it's very easy to fall into this, sort of. Almost reactionary. I like island mentality, not island mentality. And Caribbean island mentality is in. Person isn't as an island right around like autonomy and you know personal freedom, you know like this rendering idea that you know, I would step my property, you know that kind of thing, just let people do whatever. It's kind of like more so I don't capitalists conception of like, like freedom and autonomy is I think an important part of autonomy and, you know, freedom and yeah, like it's project. Is, you know, accountability. And is, you know, like consequences, like social consequences and how your actions affect others. You know, like what Anna could say was recognize is that. We are not, in fact, islands, you know our. Actions or behavioral words affect other people. And so I think it's going to be a constant project to sort of balance. Individual personalities and broader goals. But. I mean. Yeah, it's. It's tricky, right? Like you know what you're talking about, like. Some kind of, you know, group organization to work together, to kind of, you know, think of achievable goals and create steps to get there. That I feel among a lot of people who. Proudly declare themselves anarchists and at least like and they're extremely vocal. Like, these are like people both like online and in person organizing that are very are very like vocal and and try to very much like make their place known. We've seen trends away from this direction in terms of like rejecting the idea of goals and demands and just you know like this this more insurrectionary kind of tendency of just making total destroy for the sake of it and it's invisible committee. Yeah and and and and that I mean like I know that like platform ISM is kind of like it's not like antigens insurrectionary but it's like it's it it it it definitely critiques that type of insurrectionary trend. So I'm. I'm thinking about like, you know this idea and like how? With, with with this kind of general you know decentralized, no, no demands, no goals kind of general kind of direction that like capital A anarchists are are are doing how like what's what's maybe some parts of a specific ESMO that we can actually. Take into account to be like, hey, maybe there's, you know like I I I don't like, I don't like being called like any adjective anarchist. I think it's silly. I I like, I like the President. I think earlier this year or yeah they last year like I just got to the point where I'm not like it's you know that's yeah I'll stop I I like the part desert it's like I'm an anarchist of many adjectives. I'm not, I'm not I'm not always an insurrectionary. I'm not always a syndicalist. I'm not always you know blah, blah, blah. And I feel like that's would be really useful kind of thing for people to focus on more in terms of yeah it can be fun to make total destroy and that is a very Basic Instinct. It also would be great to, like, improve people's lives a little bit. Yeah. And those are kind of building, not just destroying, you know? Yeah, there's like 222 kind of like dueling things. And in terms like, that's why I I do really like the part of, like, this type of stuff that it's really appealing to me just because I kind of already work on this myself. I'm like, oh, I'm, I'm already doing this. But it's like the IT is, it is like the social, the social insertion side of things, I think is something that would be a much, a much better way of thinking. About like everyone hates talking about optics because yeah, it's frustrating, but I think the social insertion method is a better framework for kind of dealing with some of those same problems. And yeah, and then like, you know, we there is even among insurrection areas and all those, you know, all those types, there's still is like a decent amount of like group projects and stuff. And that is I think a really good thing to focus on because. But yeah, there's not many anarchists, and it would be cool if there was more. And if we just focus on the parts that make people go, oh, that's kind of silly and pointless, then we're not really going to grow and cause them that much. So highlighting the parts that are like, Oh yeah, you're actually helping people. That's going to convince a lot more people who are kind of already trending in that general, general direction. And then, hey, maybe in a few years they can also be doing silly destruction for fun, because it is, it is fun sometimes. Yeah, like this. As you mentioned optics. I'm reminded of this kind of pet peeve I have with some, you know, Internet people where they try to treat like. Ideologies or specifically anarchism as like a PR project that we have to like constantly be trying to shift the optics and yeah micromanage like every aspect. Like no, I think the best remedy for like because you're not going to match the power of mass media. Room to push back against the sort of propaganda is healthy people, yeah. And help people and identify. It's like, it's as you're helping people, right? Like, that's the easiest and quickest way to dispel people's notions and like conceptions of what an anarchist is. If we were to take like social interaction, right? And sort of. I would say distill it's a bit and individualize it a bit. I would see that. As a practice, you know, just even if you don't know any any other anarchists in your area, right? Just being there, being in these movements, helping people and you know, saying, you know. This is what I believe. Just talking to people about what you believe as a person as you're helping them, you know that goes a long way, much longer than any you know. Poster campaign or like wheat pasting initiative or. Artwork. You know, wall art or whatever. You know, like actively helping people. Of course Walmart has this place. And. I doubt a little bit of myself, but you know, there's some. It's not. It's ultimately like. Talking to people and helping people and being their people and being honest about your intentions, yeah, that I think, you know we should be working towards. And I think those types of projects are something that these specific model like excels at in terms of like creating like a unity of anarchists who get like, who have like a goal in mind and then go out to achieve the goal. Helping people like do it, like doing like, like, like direct, directly helping people is something that that type of organization model is kind of the best at. Because you can, yeah, really, like, organize things much better with a small group like that and create goals that are actually very achievable, whether it be, you know, building a community kitchen or building, you know, heating Centers for, like for the winter, like under, under bridges or whatever. You know, all those types of starting community gardens, all those kinds of things are, I think, what this type of model really excels at. And yeah, you don't need to change your ideology to this one word because that's that's silly, but you can. Pick up different parts of it. Be like, yeah, that actually seems like a useful way of making you, once you know, a politician just ruling and cooped all project, you know, like just basic things like that, you know? And then from there, you know, as you are talking with people and meeting people who are passionate about issues in these social movements, you know? No need to keep you from developing this, sort of. Terminally online in Group kind of mentality. It also opens up opportunities for you to develop your analysis on the topic of like the individualist social institution. It threatens our presents, opportunities for you to develop your own hadnall like book Club. And then from that book club could come and a specific organization you know as you begin to develop your politics and your shared politics. More can come out of it, so don't underestimate. You know the potential of just. Putting in the work and talking to people, yeah, you know, just being there on the ground. One of the best things you can do to help stay alive in the, well things are heading in the direction that they're heading societally is like making friends and forming a friend group. And then, yeah, like actually doing stuff together that makes dealing with everything else that's happening so, so much better. And hey, remember our old friend Nestor, Nestor Macro started with a book club. So, hey, you know, you, you never know where book clubs could lead. You never know. Exactly. It's actually it's really interesting video clip of Murray Bookchin talking about book clubs and like the power and potential of book clubs. I know if we could probably link that in the show notes, but it's like a really interesting yeah, if you like, I'll make sure that. So ultimately, expressivist believe that social movements will reach their own logic of creating revolution. Not when they all just decide to identify as anarchists and wave the Black Flag, but when? The majority reach a consensus and a consciousness of their power and their ability to exercise their power and their daily lives. So even if they. To not adopt anarchism, they still consciously adopt the ideas embedded within it. They're multiple political currents, or they exist within any movement, and so it's important that we as anarchists, and I guess specifically as a specialist, are there to actively combat the opportunism that come from. You know these forces from this. Whether electoral or vanguardist. Within these social movements as well. We can also help to push them further. Through. You know, pushing for more direct democracy and consensus through federalism and confederating with other social movements, through, you know, building up the mutual aid within these movements, like if you are, for example, part of a mutual aid group. In one neighborhood. You can push them to start reaching out with mutually groups in other neighborhoods and creating a network of mutual aid groups that can build into something bigger, you know, combining resources and manpower to. Really? Pushed her evolution, you know. Lastly, we'll see that for those who are trying to like get into the whole specifies more thing. I mean you could start a new organization from scratch, but again like. Easiest thing to do is to just get in there to people and be honest with the people and. I keep saying the people, even though I have my critiques of this amorphous conception of the people. But. The point remains that. Our goal is to spread our ideas, not to get people in any particular ideology, but to get a liberatory consciousness. On the ground. And to generalize that consciousness, and for those who are curious about a specific ismal in action and social institution specifically. The federal assault Anarquista Gausha in Brazil has worked with neighborhood committees and urban villages and slums. They've built alliances with rank and file members of the rural landless workers movement emmastad, and they've also worked with trash and recyclables collectors. Brazil, for those who don't know, has a lot of high levels of temporary and contingent employment, underemployment and unemployment. So the working class isn't. How we traditionally conceive it as like. Just surviving primarily off of Weed label but it's more so this sort of subsistence we informal economy gig economy kind of deal. So being able to connect with these when Joshua collected, for example, who are part of this sort of economy the the FG has built a strong relationship with them and help them to form their own national organization to, you know, push for their interests and to collectivize their recycling operations. Specifies was also worked with the. It's also worked in the efforts of the stabilizer anarchist Communist front in South Africa, as they also are strong opponents of social inclusion and you know, really being embedded in these social movements in Argentina in. Brazil and South Africa and in the US in the case of blackcurrants federation especially Pismo has been building as a key point of reference. And so I'll leave us off with a quote from the user front collective anarchist group online. If libertarian socialists merely organised with libertarian socialists, then they will lose contact with the broader population they need to be region. Libertarian socialists merely join social movement thought advocates in various libertarian socialist practices that can be used. Then social movements can easily drift into being susceptible to reformist and strategic liberal and Leninist tendencies and opportunists. If the material Socialists merely join social movements and try to spread ideas and practices and individual ways. Mint Mobile offers premium wireless starting at just 15 bucks a month. And now for the plot twist. Nope, there isn't one. Mint Mobile just has premium wireless from 15 bucks a month. There's no trapping you into a two year contract. You're opening the bill to find all these nuts fees. There's no luring you in with free subscriptions or streaming services that you'll forget to cancel and then be charged full price for none of that. For anyone who hates their phone Bill, Mint Mobile offers premium wireless for just $15.00 a month. Mint Mobile will give you the best rate whether you're buying one or for a family. And it meant family start at 2 lines. All plans come with unlimited talk and text, plus high speed data delivered on the nation's largest 5G network. You can use your own phone with any mint mobile plan and keep your same phone number along with all your existing contacts. Just switch to Mint mobile and get premium wireless service starting at 15 bucks a month. Get premium wireless service from just $15.00 a month and no one expected plot twist at mintmobile.com/behind. That's mintmobile.com/behind. Seriously, you'll make your wallet very happy. At Mint mobilcom slash behind now a word from our sponsor better help. If you're having trouble stuck in your own head, focusing on problems dealing with depression, or just you know can't seem to get yourself out of a rut, you may want to try therapy. And better help makes it very easy to get therapy that works with your lifestyle and your schedule. A therapist can help you become a better problem solver, which can make it easier to accomplish your goals, no matter how big or small they happen to be. So if you're thinking of giving therapy a try. Better help is a great option. It's convenient, accessible, affordable, and it is entirely online. You can get matched with a therapist after filling out a brief survey. And if the therapist that you get matched with doesn't wind up working out, you can switch therapists at any time when you want to be a better problem solver therapy can get you there. Visit betterhelp.com behind today to get 10% off your first month. That's better helpp.com/behindbetter. Com behind. So by now we imagine that you've seen the theories on Tik T.O.K. You maybe even heard the rumors from your friends and loved ones. But are any of the stories about government conspiracies and cover ups actually true? The answer is surprisingly or unsurprisingly, yes. For more than a decade, we hear at stuff they don't want you to know have been seeking answers to these questions. Sometimes there are answers that people would rather us not explore. Now we're sharing. This research with you for the first time ever in a book format you can pre-order stuff they don't want you to know now. It's the new book from us, the creators of the podcast and video series. You can turn back now or read the stuff they don't want you to know. Available for pre-order now, it's stuff you should read books.com or wherever you find your favorite books. Be far less successful than well thought out, coordinated effort. And if theoretically specific libertarian socialist groups tried to control social movements and popular organizations from the top down, then such specific groups sacrificed their own principles and would reproduce hierarchical organizer. In contrast, authoritarian vanguardist conceptions, it specifies more groups in a specific lists put the activity towards itself, organization of movements and organizations. Ultimately. As a honestly love this chord from Ashanti Alston. Power to the people, where it stays with the people. Peace. Or yes, Andrew, please, please plug your luggable because they are good and people should in fact listen to them. Right. Thank you. Safety first, of course. I will see that you could follow me on Twitter at under score centru and on YouTube at Saint Andrew's mom. And you can find me here apparently twice a month. Yeah, which is pretty great. Shout out to it could happen here. Take care, everyone. Once again, thanks again. Hello and welcome to our show. I'm Zoe Deschanel and I'm so excited to be joined by my friends and castmates Hannah Simone and Lemour and Morris to recap our hit television series New Girl. Join us every Monday on the welcome to our show podcast, where we'll share behind the scenes stories of your favorite New Girl episodes, reveal the truth behind the legendary game True American, and discuss how this show got made with the writers, guest stars, and directors. Made the show so special. Fans have been begging us to do a New Girl recap for years and we finally made a podcast where we answer all your burning questions. Like, is there really a bear in every episode of New Girl? Plus each week you'll hear hilarious stories like this at the end when he says you got some Schmidt on your face. I feel like I pitched that joke. I believe that. Feel like I did. I'm not 1000% I want to say that was I I tossed that one out. Listen to the welcome to our show podcast on the iHeartRadio app. Apple podcasts or wherever you get your podcasts. Adoption of teens from foster care is a topic not enough people know about, and we are here to change that. I'm April Dinwoodie, host of the new podcast navigating adoption presented by adopt US Kids. Each episode brings you compelling real life adoption stories told by the families that live them, with commentary from experts. Visit adoptuskids.org/podcast or subscribe to navigating adoption presented by adopt US kids, brought to you by the US Department of Health and Human Services Administration for Children and Families, and the AD Council. Hi, I'm Robert Sex Reese, host of the Doctor Sex Reese show. And every episode I listen to people talk about their sex and intimacy issues. And yes, I despise every minute of it. I mean, she she made mistakes too, right? I mean, she killed everyone at her wedding, but Hell is real. We're all trapped here and there's nothing any of us can do about it. So join me. Won't you listen to the doctor's sex free show every Tuesday on the iHeartRadio App, Apple Podcast, or wherever you get your podcasts? What's new? My year's **** yeah? Year. Same ****. I'm Robert Evans. This is behind the 2022. No, it's not. We retired this in 2021. We retired this bit. Who? Where is this time for a new bit? This is. It could happen here. The the podcast about how things sometimes feel like they're falling apart sometimes, and maybe we can do things about that. You know what's falling apart is me because I, during my break, woke up at like 1:30 every day and now it's someone speakable hour in the morning. I hate this one central time. The time you picked the time. For for for one of our first episodes of the New Year, we have decided to subject ourselves to your parasocial whims. And we are gonna be doing maybe 1, maybe two Q&A episodes. Giving a is to your Q's and I've been telling you right in the queue it's OK. I've been told that our producer Sophie has a list of questions already prepared so that I can stop talking. And she can. Now you've been told you're the one who posted the thread. Sophie said that she would read them. I did. I shouldn't. Volunteers tribute. But I might, I might. I might take that back. Because you know how much at some point, yeah, might take that back. Let's, let's let's start with. Let's start with a. Simply good one. What has been your favorite episode Slash Topic to research in this past season? So since we started season 2? Ohh God, I enjoyed the Metaverse Facebook episodes because there's a part of me that really likes ******** on bad tech industry stuff. It it fills a deep part of me just just really comprehensively thinking about how how terrible the vision of the future. These people have it. So that was probably my favorite. I liked the climate Leviathan stuff. The climate leviathan. Climate behemoth. Climate Malcolm X kind of four quadrants. I I liked learning about that like, oh geez, almost a year ago, actually, by the time I started researching for the show. And I'm decently happy with the way that those topics were presented and how they keep popping back every once in a while. I think in terms of just the favorite episode I recorded, it was probably the interview with the common Humanity Collective people, just because. Like listening to a bunch of people who have a very sophisticated and well developed mutual aid project and then listening to you know them talk about their political developments and how they've been sort of solving their problems is really. Like, reassuring and cheerful in a lot of ways. And then research wise, it was definitely the the, the spooky area 51 episode where I was like, oh, I'm going to do a fun episode about the government and aliens. And it was like, Oh no, here's every war crime ever and like 16 people almost killing everyone on Earth. I was like, this is, this is, this is probably the most fun I had was with the. Chaos magic and Esoteric Catechism episode discussion. That was a hoot. How how how silly it is. Yeah, that one, that one also was just just a pleasure to record. I also loved having Corey, doctor Rowan, because that was cool. That was cool. That was that was very cool. How cool of us. I've enjoyed our fiction episodes with Margaret and with Rebecca. Those those have been great. And I've loved having Saint Andrew. That has been also very cool. Fantastic. What were you gonna say, Robert? Nothing. Ohh, great, this person says. I think I've got my head wrapped around mutual aid, community resilience and all the stuff you talk about. Any tips on how to effectively communicate it to people who might not be, at least initially open to it? Umm. I mean, it kind of depends on why they're not open to it, right. So it's it's a matter of are they just somebody who has a lot of faith in, in systems as they exist or they someone who's kind of coming at it from more of a traditional, like liberal status perspective where they they think the option is to get in line with, you know, the Democratic Party and support that. And that will make things better like basically, are they a top downer or there's somebody who rejects it because it's like communism? And they they don't, they don't think that people have any kind of fundamental responsibility to themselves because you are going to have kind of a different approach to trying to reach either of those people if they're coming at it from kind of more of a. Right wing standpoint, but they're not, you know. Talking about shooting vaccine doctors, they're just kind of conservative. I think the way to do it is to sort of harken back to some of these very traditional ideas of like American homesteaders and and independent you know communities on the frontier and and self-reliance and how mutual aid is people taking responsibility for their communities rather than you know this idea I think a lot of conservatives have of like people. Just kind of lazily taking charity. How it's it's different from charity in that it's a community seeing its own needs and becoming independent as much as is possible on the the state from the state by trying to meet its own needs and how that is better for people than just sort of being like being dependent upon government programs. I think that's kind of the way in which to reach out to those people with that idea if they're coming at it from more of a liberal. Top down approach, I think you can get more into the weeds and may argue about kind of inefficiencies within the system, problems within the system. I think one thing to really point out that will probably still be fresh to a lot of people of that persuasion is how frightening the first couple of weeks of of quarantine were and all of the supply line issues and and kind of the early breakdowns be like look that didn't go away like right. You can see that that we're still dealing with a lot of this and we're still having supply line. Disruptions and the state really has not kind of even under Biden sailed in to clear the gap. And so we need these community resiliency programs and you can, you know, depending on the kind of person they are, you can also sort of point out. The degree to which there is our attempts at kind of sabotage of any sort of of of of top down government programs by the right and how that's part of why you need community resiliency programs because you can't guarantee who's going to be in the White House. You can't guarantee what's going to continue to get funded and outside of kind of any of the the structural issues that make that stuff difficult. So I I think that's kind of broadly speaking the two different ways you you can broach those conversations with people. Depending on the tendencies they're they're looking at it from. Uh, let's let's let's get into an unpleasant one. What's the gang's outlook on this year's election, and how do you think it might position us for 2024? Do we see more violence leading up to the next presidential election? And now we'll be doing a predictions Ish episode later. Yeah, but As for this election, I have. I've not looked at anything about it. I think the Steelers are gonna take it all. What, what, what, what sport are the Steelers? Of them, that's great. I mean. Yeah. And I mean I I feel like. If Democrats want to keep the power that they currently have, they will probably need to do some type of symbolic action that makes people think they actually do things. I mean, they've managed to have control of everything and done absolutely nothing that they did nothing with it. So I'm guessing if they want to keep that, they should probably do something really soon. Or else I don't see people being super eager to vote in 2022 for the Democrats. Yeah, yeah. I mean, one of the issues they've got is this, this thing that, you know, kind of the technocrats always have, where, you know, as we, as Corey pointed out when we had him on, there have been some really positive moves by the Biden administration in terms of like appointments and how different kind of agencies are being handled. But when it comes to the things that he actually campaigned on, like, it just hasn't. It hasn't happened. **** **** ain't been done like the closest we've gotten recently. Is yet another kick the can down the street a little bit for student loan repayments. And I agree, I think they need to do. There's like two big things they could do that might have a significant shifting effect. One of them would be student debt forgiveness, and one of them would be ******* descheduled marijuana. Even without Congress, Biden could could absolutely make marijuana not, and like that would be #1 politically the easiest ******* win in the world because the vast majority of Republicans. Give a **** about that anymore, it'll **** *** cops, which is probably why you won't do it but like it. What about those two things? Could have an impact on midterms? That's certainly a thing that would like. You can campaign on more, but I don't. I don't know that I think it'll do that. And obviously I guess another big old payment to stay home, but I think that shipped on sailed. Like, I honestly like, I don't think they want to win in 2022. Like they want to get created so they can sit there and then and go, ohh yeah, we can't do anything because Republicans control the house and you guys need to, like, you guys need to like, save us in 2024. This is the most important election of our lifetime. It's like, and they they will keep doing this over and over and over again until literally the seas boil and everyone, you know, everyone's being heard into concentration camps like they will just keep doing this. And and like I think that's that's the thing that's actually important about the 2022 cycle is that like the Democrats have? You know what? You know what the rejection of Bernie Sanders sort of is, is the Democrats essentially going, we are not a popular party, right. Like we we are not a party that is going to like like, we will not even give the pretense of like having a base that we represent and we do things for like we're just, we're just in it for ourselves. We're in it's just like, you know, give all of our weird like Black Rock friends positions in the government and we don't, you know, and it's, you know, it's it's we we we don't have a policy agenda and we don't care if we lose. Because if we lose all you people just have to go put us back into office because the alternative is just. Or death camps. Yeah. I mean, I think there's a broad belief, like within kind of the Democratic Party that things are still business as usual and that the Republican Party is still a political party. And so kind of the handing off and switching of power is is is fine. That scene is business as usual rather than the Democrats or the Republicans are continually ratcheting away from there being any chance of a switch of power, at least through legal means. Like that's the whole thing they're doing and the failures to pass any kind of. Voting rights and the failures to see like a voting rights reform as a an existential issue for not just the party, but like the concept of of democracy in this country is is I think evidence that. However you kind of try to rationalize in your head why it's happening, there's a real disconnect between the party leadership and understandings of the new nature of reality. Yeah, well, the other thing, I mean they'll be fine, right? Like out outside of like another January 6th killing them all. Like, they'll be fine. It doesn't like for them, it basically doesn't matter if Republicans take power. Maybe, maybe some of them will get impeached. They'll be like a show trial for like 2 people or something. But like, they're going to be fine. And you know that's that's the thing that motivates all of their thinking is they they can survive another public administration like we're you know we're dying under both of them. And, you know, like, I mean, this is, this is partially, you know, we talk about sort of the COVID response for a second and the relation that has to the election. It's like, yeah, the Democrats are just like completely given up even the pretense of doing literally anything about COVID literally because literally anything. Go out and die. Yeah. Like, it's we can talk about that. That's a separate. Yeah. Yeah, that's a separate issue, I think, just in terms of like how how to interpret what they're doing with COVID and the degree to which I think they even have a chance of whatever. But yeah, I was like, they don't care if we live or die. Like we care if we live or die. And we're going to have to do stuff on our own outside of this because. They're just going to kill us all. I mean, I think that it's hard for me to tell where the elections are going to go, precisely. Biden's polling certainly isn't great. It's also not like wildly out of step with how where presidents often are kind of at this point in in their cycle. So, and also, it's pretty normal for the party that just won the presidential election to lose at the midterms. That's more normal than not, I think. So I think the big questions are #1 like the degree to which it's a wide sweep. Which is going to depend on the actual impact. A lot of these efforts to kind of restrict voting and and gerrymander, like what the actual on the ground impact is and the degree to which we've seen an actual shift. Because one of the things that the polls don't often tell us is like, yeah, Democrats are not popular. Most people seem to be aware that a lot of promises have gone unfulfilled, but it doesn't also mean that they like the Republicans who as the party of Trump have are still kind of widely. Disliked by people. So it's kind of unclear to me what precisely is going to go down, by which I mean whether or not it's going to be a pretty normal midterm where the Republicans pick up some seats or like a nightmare blowout. And I I do think that has a lot to do with whether or not Biden and like does a couple of the things that a president can do unilaterally that would be really easy for other people to campaign on like he they have to like if they actually do want to win. They have to. They have to make a couple of big Hail Marys. They have to do again. Biden has to do a couple of the big things that a president can do and then say, OK, see, I did a thing, put more Democrats in, and we can do this other big thing that a president can't do on his own or something like that. Like, I I just don't see. I mean, yeah, you know, anything could happen still. It's ******* January. I think there's a positive if you want to in terms of things that are making me kind of optimistic and and in terms of things that are better about when the Democrats are in power and then the Republicans, you can bully the Biden administration to taking broadly positive action, which is what happened with student loan repayments, right. That's why that did get kicked down the can, a couple of kicked down the road a couple of months. And so I do think there's potential in harassing. The Biden administration to taking actions that could make Democrats more popular. That would not be the reason to do it. The reason to do it is so that people don't starve trying to pay back student loans. But it it does point to, I think an an avenue of hope if we're trying not to be complete doomers in January of 2022. Yeah, and Speaking of avenues of hope, it's time for an ad break. Ah, the only thing that gives me hope is the products and services that support this podcast. And we are. Back. Back we are back we are Yoda in it I I I've, I've I have a question I would like us to talk about. OK New Year book list Oh yeah Oh yeah. So what's what's the. I think we could answer this like and then they also someone else followed up with saying recommend some books that maybe not just leftist theory of climate change also some like fiction stuff as well. And I'm just going to say the books that I'm reading or is on my reading list. Not I'm not going to recommend books I've already read, I'm just going to say the ones I'm currently reading, I'm still making it through hyper objects for an upcoming episode. I picked up a really a book I wanted to get for a long time called Islands of Abandonment, which is about people. Well, no, it's it's about places that have kind of been forgotten and regrown or taken, have been kind of reclaimed by the area that they were that they were built on. And then I also have a random few books and alchemy that I'm going through as well. That's most of my books. Horrible. I read the last book I finished in 2021 was in the Garden of Beasts, which is by what is his name? I think it's Eric Larson. He's a guy who's written, he wrote like devil in the White City and a couple of other books that people have probably read. Yeah, Eric Larson. And it's about the the first US ambassador to Nazi Germany or what becomes Nazi Germany. He gets sent there right before like like months before Hitler takes power. And the the book largely traces he and his families journey in Nazi Germany from like. Kind of didn't really care about German politics and were often broadly sympathetic towards the Nazis. They melt met like his daughter kinda is is very much like on board with the Nazi revolution for like the first half year that she's there. She's also like simultaneously dead dating the head of the Gestapo and the Soviet like assistant ambassador, which is fascinating. Like it's a very interesting book and the story like the journey this kind of family goes on realizing like what? The Nazis are in the perspective of that. It's it's very well written, it's very detailed. I really enjoyed it. The thing that I liked the most was the detail that goes into about the kind of the fates of because it's it's a more, you know, obviously as much of a nerd on the history of fascism as I am. I've read a lot about the night of long knives. This did the best job of kind of going into detail about the kind of dudes who the dudes who were purged in the night of long knives to these guys who were Nazis in that they they wore swastikas and they were part of the party. And whatnot, but also, weren't Nazis enough to not get purged and in a lot of cases were like starting to fall out of love with the party when the night of Long knives had. And so it's these, it's really interesting, and I, I I recommend it to people. And the last book I started in 2021 and the first book I finished in 2022 was called Ministry of the Future by Kim Stanley Robinson, who is an interesting science fiction author, in part because Ministry of the Future is about. Climate change. It is a a science fiction look at about like 1000 different potential solutions to climate change. And Kim Stanley Robinson is actually like an expert. He works for the the Sierra Center, I think it's called. He's won a bunch of awards for his work on like trying to like posit different solutions to climate change. He's he, he understands. He's not like coming at this from the perspective of an even even a well researched author. He's he's writing from the perspective of someone who is an actual. Scientific expert in what happens and how the different solutions might work. And the thing that's really interesting about Ministry of the Future is it's this. Fascinating melange of like a a number of the characters, the Ministry of the Future is this kind of hypothetical new UN agency that's put in place after a horrible wet bulb heat event kills 20 million people in India. And they're they're kind of trying to push for very technocratic solutions to climate change. So, like one of the big things the book focuses on a lot is this idea of a climate coin, which is a kind of international backed by banks. Cryptocurrency that that pays as a kind of long term bond for sequestering carbon so that like countries like Saudi Arabia that have huge oil reserves actually make more money by refusing to pump out oil and thus get paid in these coins. So it's really technocratic solutions like that. And then also terrorist groups that may be funded by this UN agency building fleets of drones to murder people on commercial air flights in mass in order to cripple the entire air travel. Industry and stop carbon emission and carrying out mass assassinations on like CEO's of of oil companies living in their private island. So it's this really interesting mix of like kind of liberal politicians and like bankers like working out these very wonky solutions to things and like terrorists who have lost people in climate emergencies mass murdering billionaires and and so it's it's a very it's the widest possible ranging look at kind of different solutions. Two, climate change and how they might work and it's a very optimistic book and there's, there's elements of it that I kind of the optimism I kind of disagree with. I think oddly enough, Kim doesn't give enough weight to the dangers of authoritarian populism and and the threat I think they present to any of these kind of potential solutions. But it's still a very well thought out look at climate change and I think really worth reading if you want something that will both bring up different because he also goes into a lot of like. Very scientific solutions like pumping up water from underneath glaciers in order to stop glaciers from sliding and like, slow the rate of melt and all these other kind of like, very much like technical. Here's a thing that we can do that will reduce the effect of this specific kind of climate change. It's really a very good book, and it's apparently was Barack Obama's favorite book of the year, which considering the degree to which it talks about murdering politicians and and business leaders, is interesting. To me, I think he was maybe more paying attention to the carbon coin stuff than the shooting oil industry executives in their face while they're sleeping well. He was also a fan of parasite, so wampee do. He may just have been told this is a book you should say you like, but it is it is a very good book. It is really worth reading and it's it's it is a work of science fiction, but honestly, it's like it's also it's well again, Kim really understands this stuff from a technical level, so I think it's pretty. An impeachable from that point of view. There are some kind of sociological areas where I don't think the book I I think there's some **** missing. Particularly as regards the problems authoritarianism is going to cause in in reaching for these solutions. But I think it's still really, really valuable. And Chris, we're going to hear your responses, but first, capitalism. Chris? Your turn. Reading, reading a few things. And really more Chuang, which is a a theoretical journal about China that writes a lot of very, very good stuff they have. Probably the best account I've ever seen of just what was going on during the socialist. And then also the sort of transition to capitalism as those are issues one and two and they they just published an issue about. It basically how the pandemic response happens in China. It's absolutely fascinating. It's also about sort of is this something that yeah I've I've talked about a lot of their stuff on this show sort of through a clear directly but like you know one of the big things is about how in a lot of ways the pandemic reveals the sort of weakness of the Chinese state and in in a way that. You know it is. You don't see really, because both, you know, both the Chinese state and the sort of like American media have this vested interest in showing like, China is this sort of like all powerful authoritarian police state or whatever, like they were mirror image of it. It's like, this isn't. But you know what? What you really see is that like this, the state has a very strong ability to intervene in like 1 province at a time. And they can, you know when, when, when they focus, when they focus all the sort of ministrative power on like 1 area, right. They're extremely effective. They can't really do it in, you know, most players at the same time. And this means that you're dealing with all these sort of regional government stuff and it's it's very interesting the the other thing that I have. Well, OK, so. Do do we want to talk like a little bit about the dawn of everything or do you want to save that for just like, yeah, I, I I'm down to talk about that at any point? Yeah. OK. Yeah, that's definitely on my list. That is a long one. That's less of a read. I think most people gonna be less of a read in one sweep than like, maybe over the course of the year, like gradually. Yeah, it's very, very dense and very long but very readable. Like not to say that it's like dense and the I gotta like slog through this textbook. It's extremely readable. It's. It's like there's a lot in there and you're gonna wanna pause and think about ****. Yeah. So they're not everything is this is the last book David Graeber ever wrote, and it's David Wingrove also. They they wrote it together and it's it's this. Basically in the attempt to reassemble. I guess early human history. And but the the the the thing that they're doing that that's that's. Really unique is that. So they there is archaeologist David Grierson at the apologist and they're they're going, you know. So they spent a whole bunch of time going through this, sort of. Early archaeological records and what they find basically is that. None of the things that you see make any sense at all unless. You're willing to. Unless you're willing to accept that people you know 20, thirty, 50,000 years ago and then even you know people like 4-5 thousand years ago were as smart as we are and have the have the capacity to recreate and redesign their own political arrangements self consciously. Which is something that doesn't sound that weird except everyone assumes that they can't and that you know everyone that you know one of the things that they're really sort of. Heavily doing here is trying to break this. Idea that, you know, human society sort of evolves in these this linear progression. You know, you start out with like these small hunter gatherer bands and they get more complex, quote UN quote, and eventually developed farming. Farming developed the state and the answer is just, you know, when you look at the actual archaeological record, none of this is true. You have, you know that they have a lot of very interesting sort of. Historical examples of this looking at like what looked like incredibly democratic and egalitarian cities. And then, you know, on the outskirts of those cities you have the emergence of the states among them, of things that look like states among Liberian groups. And they have. And what I think is maybe the most interesting part of it is that there. They're very concerned with the question of human freedom. But freedom in a way that like we don't. But. Freedom on a level fundamental enough that like we can barely imagine it. So they have these things called the three freedoms, which is one of them is so the first one is the freedom. Just move, leave and to. It's the freedom to to, you know, be in a place and then leave and know that you will be cared for when you get to wherever you're going. Yeah though these kind of networks that were set up so that people could travel that have like the descendant of those ideas is sort of the way if you ever, if you've ever spent time in the Middle East not in like hotels and ****. Like it's that same idea that kind of deeper than religious belief about the importance of that has gotten added to like Islam and and and to a number of other faiths in the area like but this idea that like there's nothing more sacred than taking care of of a guest like and and how that. That that existed to enable kind of a sort of cross cultural contract and contact and like recreational travel in a way that I think is, would be deeply surprising to people who just sort of assumed everyone before a certain age died within 5 miles of their house or was, you know, yeah. Part of a band of wandering hunters. Yeah. And it's interesting that like we we in a lot of ways travel less than early people did because, you know, people would just leave and people, you know, people just didn't like their families and so they'd walk like 500. And they did come to a place and they'd be accepted. And yeah, yeah, it's, you know, like the the second one, I think. The one that is the the one we have the least capacity, I think to understand, which is just the ability to disobey orders. To just like anyone tells you something, you just tell them no. At anytime. And it's not only can you just tell them no, like the social expectation is that you is that you don't act, is that it's, it's, it's it's it's not just that you have the ability to do it, it's that someone giving you an order is treated as weird. And this is a thing that you know. Like like this. This is the thing. This is a freedom that used to exist and no longer does. It was sort of destroyed in various ways, along with sort of the third free in the talk about, which is about how people have the right to sort of just shift and recreate their social political arrangements. And yeah, and people used to do this sort of. I mean, people, yeah. A lot of the, what their early part of the book is about is about how societies used. There's a lot of societies that would, you know, flip seasonally, right? So what, like 1/2 of the year you have this just like absolute dictatorship. The other half of the year, it's like, well, this looks like a hippie commune. And you know, the fact that we do not like the fact that, like we we we just don't like it, cannot conceive of completely shifting our political arrangements. Like that is it's also there's this fascinating discussion of like the the fact that and this is kind of countered what I I I had always kind of thought that like once as a group groups of people when they when they made the decision to like move to agriculture and like set founded cities that it was kind of a one way St you know, you you you just keep going along that road and there's actually multiple examples of peoples like this what what happened to the British Isles or at least in what is currently. Great Britain people's like developing agriculture, settling down and then being like, oh, you know what? **** this. And like, going back like that, that showed she had happened all the time. And and one of the things that's really kind of optimistic about the vision of, of the sweep of human history and the dawn of everything is the idea that, like, no, we don't have to keep, like, it's not inevitable that we just keep doing more of what we're doing now. All throughout history, large groups of people have been like, it's time to let's do something else. Let's make a radical change. Like it happens and it's probably more normal to do that than it is to do what we've been doing. And when you. I think one of the things that kind of, one of the things that leads to the sense of inevitability of development along the lines that we have is, is the fact that we only really have about 10,000 years of even vaguely reliable like data or vaguely comprehensive data on human history. But people have been around for 10s of thousands of years longer than that and for most of it we've been a lot more experimental. And we are now. And it's it's always possible for people to try different things in a way that maybe seems impossible to us now, but but necessarily won't for our kids. Oh yeah, the last thing I would tell people to listen to if they're looking for a fictional optimistic thing is Cory Doctorow's walk away. Give it a read. You're looking for like a like a a beautiful, like not to get your head out of the. One of the things I'm really passionate about is plants. And I have this beautiful book called the planet Pedia. And it's really helpful for caring for your house plants. And it's just like aesthetically, just so the photographs are beautiful. And it's one of my favorite things to give friends and family. So check that one out as well. Another another plant book that I just got for somebody that I really like. I think it's called wicked plants. It's about, uh. All the poisonous plants that you can get and the ones all the like the poison plants you can cultivate in, in your own garden. And that's been a lovely read. And I I do hope to set up a decent poison garden here in the spring, so very excited for that. Yeah, me too. It's going to be great. Well, let's get to another question. Do you guys want like a a a fluff question or like a real question? Let's do a fluff one and we can start the next episode with a real, real juicy fluff me Daddy. Alright, OK, that's a little gift to all of you at home. Oh my God on the topic of hobbies. So so I just Garrison likes poisonous plants. I like non poisonous plants. What hobbies are you into that we may not know about? Umm, I guess I can only say one thing here. Really? Well, I guess. I don't know. Yeah, you should be really careful about how you answer this one Gary. I know what your hobbies are. Let's have everyone else go first. I just got into 3D printing. I'm currently trying to figure out how to get abs to adhere properly to. Yeah that was the problem I had with my printer is that it would I would get like a decent way through the first part of the print and then part of it would like curl curl off so then it wouldn't print the next layer on correctly. Then it messes up the print. And I was between mental health stuff and that at the time I was I was setting up my printer. This is when I just gave up because it was too much. So I'll be excited to see how you get past this. Well, I've I've got a glass bed coming in, so I'm going to have one too. Yeah, and I've I've got the enclosure. One of the issues I'm having is just that I'm I'm having a heating issue with the bed. It won't heat up it it stops before it gets to 110, which is what it should be able to go up that high, but it's just yeah, can you manually heat it up a hotter? It doesn't seem to matter. It it doesn't seem to matter if I if I set it like I can't obviously like you can you can set it up to heat, but it it just keeps. I keep getting that like loud error beep. So there's like there's this is going to be it's going to be a process of of jiggering to to to figure it out, but you could come pretty fun. Yeah, I have, I have. I have a similar problem with my setup right now that I've been trying to troubleshoot for like half a year. Then manually control the heat bed and it does get that hot. But still, I think it may just be a leveling issue. I may need to like clean the bed. I should just talk to someone who has done more 3D printing than me, but yeah. Yeah, but it's it's it's fun. I I enjoy it. It's very, it's radically different from the stuff that I know, like do for a living, which is always my favorite thing for like a a task to engage in, in order to be relaxing. Because it's it's not at all like reading and writing. No, it's very different. It's very different. So, so far I am enjoying it and I already I printed the thing I need to do to make the the bio, the bio lab for like the four thieves stuff if you want to check out our episode. With Michael from the four thieves vinegar collective, I've 3D printed that part, so I'm ready to get the other parts and put that thing together. I'm just trying to figure out how to print other stuff with better plastics and whatnot, but yeah, it's it's fun so far. I'm enjoying it a lot. Maybe I'll get bored. Maybe I'll wind up spending way too much money on different 3D printers. Like the ones that lift the goo out of the the resin printers are so cool. They're they're so they're much like, this is what this is what Corey doctor was talking about. Like, they are much better at the filament printers in a lot of ways, but a lot of like. A lot of the stuff. A lot of the really useful machines that you can make with 3D printers require you to use filament right now, but the the resin ones are like so much more elegant. They're beautiful. I also am really interested in the idea of printing wood, which I did not realize until recently you could do, but it's absolutely possible with certain kinds of printers. And that seems pretty dope, so I don't know. We'll see how. Maybe I'll be tired of it in a month because my mental health will take a dive, but so far I'm pretty excited. Cool. Chris? What do I do? Uh, well OK, so before the pandemic I was getting into rock climbing, but unfortunately. Like, I like, I like rock climbing. I'm not like, oh, it's like the best thing you can do for your it's it's a lot of fun, but unfortunately. I mean, it's not like the worst pandemic thing you could possibly do, but like, I know, yeah, yeah, if you get up high enough on the rocks, COVID can't get up there. It's like the opposite of a bear. It's really bad at climbing. Yeah, so I guess the other what, what do I even do is OK, so my other thing, OK, so, so deep. Like Mint Mobile offers premium wireless starting at just 15 bucks a month. And now for the plot twist. Nope, there isn't one. Mint Mobile just has premium wireless from 15 bucks a month. There's no trapping you into a two year contract. You're opening the bill to find all these nuts fees. There's no luring you in with free subscriptions or streaming services that you'll forget to cancel and then be charged full price for none of that. For anyone who hates their phone Bill, Mint Mobile offers premium wireless for just $15.00 a month, Mint mobile will give you the best rate whether you're buying one or for a family. And it meant family start at 2 lines. All plans come with unlimited talk and text plus high speed data delivered on the nation's largest 5G network. You can use your own phone with any mint mobile plan and keep your same phone number along with all your existing contacts. Just switch to Mint mobile and get premium wireless service starting at 15 bucks a month. Get premium wireless service from just $15.00 a month and no one expected. Plot twist at Mint Mobile becom behind that's mintmobile.com/behind seriously, you'll make your wallet very happy at mintmobile.com/behind now a word from our sponsor. Better help. If you're having trouble stuck in your own head, focusing on problems, dealing with depression, or just, you know, can't seem to get yourself out of a rut, you may want to try therapy, and better help makes it very easy to get therapy that works. With your lifestyle and your schedule, a therapist can help you become a better problem solver. Which can make it easier to accomplish your goals, no matter how big or small they happen to be. So if you're thinking of giving therapy a try, better help is a great option. It's convenient, accessible, affordable, and it is entirely online. You can get matched with a therapist after filling out a brief survey, and if the therapist that you get matched with doesn't wind up working out, you can switch therapists at any time. When you want to be a better problem solver, therapy can get you there. Visit betterhelp.com behind today. To get 10% off your first month, that's better. Elp.com/behind betterhelp.com/behind. So by now we imagine that you've seen the theories on Tik T.O.K. You maybe even heard the rumors, your friends and loved ones. But are any of the stories about government conspiracies and cover ups actually true? The answer is surprisingly or unsurprisingly, yes. For more than a decade, we hear at stuff they don't want you to know have been seeking answers to these questions, sometimes their answers that people would rather us not explore. Now we're sharing this research. With you for the first time ever in a book format, you can pre-order stuff they don't want you to know now. It's the new book from us, the creators of the podcast and video series. You can turn back now or read the stuff they don't want you to know. Available for pre-order now, it's stuff you should read books.com or wherever you find your favorite books. Deep Twitter lore. People will probably know this about me, but I am I have been for a very, very long time. Like an inveterate fan of competitive StarCraft 2. OK. I am awful at it. Like I am terrible at that game. But I I have watched so much StarCraft shoot like I I StarCraft 2 has become enough of my life that like like. The game was part of my radicalization process, like it was. OK, yeah, I wake up extremely early or stay up extremely late and watch Korean StarCraft 2 and non Korean StarCraft 2 and yeah, it's it's a good time. It's I my favorite thing about StarCraft in general is thinking about the fact that Blizzard was initially trying to make a Warhammer 40,000 video game, and games workshop was, as always, too paranoid of their IP to let it happen and thus lost how many God knows how many. They would be worth more money than most countries like. Yeah, they would have been printing an impossible amount of money like. Well, Andy Chambers would have been able to buy a mountain of cocaine to live inside, but but no. Instead, we got all of the infrastructure of modern esports, which. Seems fine, like it's whatever, I don't care. But it it is very funny to me that they were like, Nah, this doesn't seem like a good financial decision for Games Workshop, this StarCraft thing. Like, I wonder like that that's the kind of thing where it's like if they made that much money, would they all just retire like, well I mean it's a publicly traded company like the the stock, the shareholders would have made a fortune and the the. But yeah, I, I don't know. It's very, it's very funny that they didn't think that was going to be worth it. Let's see, in terms of hobbies, people may not know, I do really like cooking. I taught cooking classes for a long time, but it's been the main cook in my family since I was a very little kid. So I definitely, definitely enjoy that. I did go to film school for a few years. I want to get back into making short video projects. I've been writing some random kind of new weird genre esque stuff that I would love to like rent a studio space and actually shoot some silly things in the next year and put throw them up online just for kind of my own fun. And then I also have been still doing random occultism stuff. That's kind of how I feel my time. Yeah, yeah, it's fun. Yeah, I think that's an answer. That is an answer. We did it. That's an answer. And more importantly, that's an episode. That is an episode. That is an answer. That is a single content. You all got a content out of us and we will be proud of yourselves. Replicate and reproduce another content tomorrow that's more to your cues. So a content every day except for the weekends, because **** you, that's the promise that we make. Some holidays. Look to your children's eyes to see the true magic of a forest. It's a storybook world for them. You look and see a tree. They see the wrinkled face of a wizard with arms outstretched to the sky. They see treasure and pebbles. They see a windy path that could lead to adventure. And they see you. They're fearless guide to this fascinating world. Near you and start exploring at discovertheforest.org, brought to you by the United States Forest Service and the Ad Council. Give us your attention, we need everything you've got fast. Waiting on reparations would be the endless podcast TuneIn every Thursday. Politics and word play. We fight for the people because they got us in the worst way. From the hill to Brazil, Bombay to Kanye from the left enclave to what the neocons say every Thursday. Cop the heady conversation and break us off with some bread cause we waiting on reparations. Listen to waiting on reparations on the iHeartRadio app, Apple Podcasts, or wherever you get your podcasts. Raffi is the voice of some of the happiest songs of our generation. So who is the man behind baby beluga? Every human being wants to feel respected. When we start with young children, all good things can grow from there. I'm Chris Garcia, comedian, new dad, and host of finding Raffi, a new podcast from iHeartRadio and fatherly. Listen every Tuesday on the iHeartRadio app or wherever you get your podcasts. Welcome back to it could happen here, the podcast where Jair Bolsonaro was once again in the hospital getting all of the feces sucked out of his releases. Yeah, just get last night they put him back in the hospital. You're Bolsonaro, the most consistently dying man in the world. You know what? You know what? This man in history, you know, actually literally full of **** again. You know what? This incredible, you know what this means. In approximately 3 to 4 weeks, Steven Crowder is going to get some horrible illness. And if he said to the hospital as well, God willing, this cycle, this is the only like, this is the cycle of time. My hope for both of them is that they find out that. Which has an obscure disease that can only be cured by piping **** from the other end of them. And so they just hook them up via a tube and they're just sucking poop out of each of them and putting it into the other person. That would be very funny. Hot. All right. What's her first question? Our first question. So this was specifically addressed to Chris. So, Chris, you can answer first, but I think this is a question for for everyone, really. What is your favorite piece of history that you haven't been able to talk about yet on the show that isn't deserving of a whole episode? Favorite piece of? I mean, we ain't talked about the Zapatistas yet because I don't. I don't yet feel comfortable with, with my level of knowledge there, but it's definitely history that's extremely relevant to the kind of **** we talk about on the show. Have I, have I talked about the, the, the, the water and gas wars in Bolivia on the show? No, no, I don't know. We've talked about that at all either. Yeah, I mean, I thought, I mean that that probably is deserving of its own episode, but like, absolutely, yeah, a bunch of people just literally like blocking every Rd in an entire country and starving out their ruling class because they can't, like, import food into the city because they've blocked every single Rd. Extremely cool, I guess. In terms of like, really short, not deserving of its own episode. I I don't know either because I've I've been able to elongate all my periods in two episodes. Yeah. I don't know that there's anything we wouldn't cover. There's certainly things we haven't covered yet for a variety of reasons. Often just like, I don't feel like we've had the time to do a lot of work. There's a lot of work. Yeah, it's like, why haven't, why haven't we done a Mao episodes? Like do you know how much **** that ************ got up to in his life? I have been like mentally, like psychologically preparing myself to start working on mallet like this is a. That's that, actually. Wait, no, I have to put in some. It's the mango cults. It's definitely the mango Colts. Did you know about this? No. The mango Colts. Yeah. OK. So Mao got like, I forget who it was. I I want to say it was the Prime Minister of Pakistan. So some some like dignitary, like, gave him a man. This is this is like, this is the beginning of the Cultural Revolution. Somebody gives him a mango and he, like, hands this mango off to like, a red. Give a Mao a mango and like, they like, like. This, this turns into like a cult. Like, people like they they they take this mango. They like, preserve it. It's it's like they they have like they have like a shrine to the mango. And like there's this, Christ this whole cult apparatus like, builds up around just people getting mangoes is like tokens of Mao's favor is this just like it's this massive thing, says this this, this, like spreads like wildfire. It's like people are doing this in like the far western reaches of China where like like in in places where like there's like like important things with like there there are places in China. Like civil wars break out and it takes people like a week to like send representatives like across China to go, like talk to the Central Committee to argue their case. And like even in those places they have mango cults and it is it is wild. the Cultural Revolution is a. Is a. It is a time. It is. Well, I know what I'm getting everyone for Christmas this year. They're my favorite fruit. Like they're just, we'll see the best. We'll see if the species survives this next summer. Oh, we will. Yeah. They'll just be growing. It will just say, yeah, so just be growing and Siberia. Mango sprouting from the corpses of ******* antelope. That is beautiful. I can't think of anything. Next question, OK? Speaking of history, I like this one. If you could fight anyone in history, wait for it and lose, who would you fight and why? Who would I fight and lose and lose? Like you'd still get like a few good hits in or something, but you'd lose David Bowie because it would be hot. Next question. Other people could answer I guess. No, I think that's a good thing. That's the perfect answer, yeah. Would happily be hit by David Bowie. So sure, why not there? Yeah. And and I I know that David Bowie really loved to hit teenagers. I would be totally hitting in the other sense. Scared. No, I would be fighting with anything. I don't care when it comes to Bowie. Wow, that's problematic. I love that. Sure. I I. Problematic? Uh, huh? We got a few questions about the ethics of leaving the United States as things get worse. A good one, yeah. And this is something that I know we've talked about. You've got that get out of America free card. And I see that's The thing is that like I already Canadians, I already have my Canadian passport. So that is something that I can do at any time. And that's something that I probably will do at some point because one, I can see myself in my 30s and 40s living in Canada will be a lot easier in a lot of ways in terms of like how much money it'll cost for me to live and pay. Certain things, like living in Canada at a certain point will just make a lot more sense for me. So yeah, I probably will move up. And I also know that getting past Canadian Border Patrol not that hard in terms of other people wanting to go legally or illegally, that's it is actually pretty easy to get to get up there. If you want to do it legally. That's definitely a lot, a lot more work, but also not impossible. Yeah, I think, I mean, like, it's important to know that, like moving to somewhere else is not escaping the effects because the effects are going to reach everywhere, but it can have a lot of advantages. Especially if you got like kids. Yeah, so I I say moving up is or moving away from the states is a decent thing for a lot of people. I don't feel the need to stay and fight for something that I don't really care about watching the 1st place anyway. So sure, do what makes you happy in the time that you have alive. I feel like that's a that's a as ethical as you need to get. Yeah. I don't think anyone has a responsibility to like stay and fight to the death in in a collapsing country as as a general rule I'm very sympathetic towards refugees and that's kind of what you would be if you're talking about fleeing the United States because you're it's in the process of falling apart and things are you suspect a lot about to get a lot more violent, especially if you have again like a family kids. I I had options to do that that I've, I've chosen at this point not to not to pursue. But I get why people would, and as a general rule, like I spent. I spent once when I was in a in Bosnia and Serbia, talking to survivors of the the genocide there. In the 90s. I took a train ride from Sarajevo to like a little town near Streber Nitza, and during the train ride I wound up like hanging out with this dude who had been born and raised in Yugoslavia and had been living in Canada. Since the civil war. And he like very through in his kind of broken English, explained like, yeah, when the war broke out, all of my friends, all of these other young guys I knew were like, well, you know, we're going to fight, we're gonna fight. And I said no, no, no, no, no. We went to Canada and this is the first time I've been back. And that was the smart thing to do. So I'm. I'm not. I mean, if you can get the, if you can get out and find a place that's safer. As Garrison said, like, there's there's nothing I think that inherently behooves you to spend your limited time on this planet struggling. And especially if you've got a family like doing what you can to put them in a safer position is great. That said. None of it's a permanent or even necessarily a long term solution. Like the idea of moving to Canada has a lot of appeal, but like if you think that Canada is gonna keep being, what would a lot of Americans see it as is the United States collapses into like, fascism. I don't know how realistic a proposition that really is, and it's the same for a lot of places. Like all of these problems are global problems and moving geographically unless you're wealthy enough to move to like some fortified compound protected by contractors in a place that is. Actually insulated from climate change to a significant extent is not the does not bring the degree of security you might expect. I do think there is, I do think it is, generally speaking a noble and positive thing to to to stay and try to make things better where you are. But you know, I think everybody, I think everyone, I think every like single person whether they admit it or not, would leave at a certain point if they possibly could. And I don't think anyone is. I don't think anyone owes it to the world to like. Uh. Die in a place that they hate just because that's where they were born. And we're back, OK. Oh, this is a good one. What tool besides bolt cutters should we all own in a collapse situation? First of all, bolt cutters. That should not be your first picture to for a 2O. No no, it should be an angle grinder with a diamond blade. No even like water filters got me out of a number of types water filtration systems for starters. Like there's a lot of, there's a lot of stuff. If not even not water filtration, you can get tablets or honestly like you can have a little hand pump filter and water purification tablets along with a little you know. There's a number of things that are that should be in a go bag away to get some amount of of already clean water and a way to get more clean water. Enough food to at least deal with three to five days. Some rope, a good knife, multi-tool is even better in most situations. If you have if you don't mind. The weight of a belt knife and a multi tool would be great, or a multi tool and a little hand axe which depending on where you live might be more useful in splitting wood. A good fire starter. Some amount of rubbing alcohol, which is always a handy thing to have on hand. Either maps or, you know, batteries for an electronic device that might be able to act as a map. Yeah, that that's all useful stuff I do. I I do keep in the boot of my car generally an angle grinder I have come into, especially living out in the middle of nowhere. A couple of situations like sometimes somebody has a health emergency and there is a fence in the way and it's it. It has been something that is and and is I think going to be easier for. Bolt cutters are good at what they do. They also require a lot of forearm and upper body strength. That is not going to be as much of an option for people. So angle grinder. Not a bad thing to have in any sort of, like, it's especially if you like, if you're if you're planning a kit. Like, I want to keep **** in my car because the wildfires are coming, right? Well, you're probably gonna want a battery powered saw because depending on the even if you have a very capable off roading vehicle, everyone I know who does serious overlanding is like, will you keep a ******* chainsaw in there? Because sometimes you need to cut wood out of the way and you're just not going to get your car over it. So it really depends on what you're doing and like, what the, what the, the, the, the. Kind of potential threats you're worried about are, but yeah I think the basics are way to get water, some amount of food, ability to start a fire. Something like a a a space blanket is useful if you live in a place where it actually gets cold. You should have a space blanket and a wool blanket or a couple of wool blankets blankets because those will retain heat much better. Will keeps like 80% of its insulating capacity even when wet and like layering wool and. Survival blankets can be a really effective way to keep yourself from dying and and in bad weather situations. That said, depending on where you are, there may be no realistic way to protect yourself in the like. If you are in certain parts of the Midwest at certain parts of the winter, it it may not matter so much, like what blankets you have access to. If you get stranded stranded in the wilderness and there's no like structures around you, then yeah, it's -, 30. There's only so much you can do. There's only so much. Yeah, I do love collecting lock bypass tools. It's one of my favorite things is just to have these on, practice using them. Something I got from when I went to the first gathering that worked out pretty well was a foldable solar panel that connects to USB. That's enough to keep my phone alive always. So in terms of always wanting a map, this little foldable thing is enough to keep my phone able to have a map, assuming I have cell service. So I was skeptical of how much this thing could work, and it it it it did a decent enough job it it even kept. It even kept like my iPad Pro. Powered as well, so it yeah, it's great. Had had a decent amount of square footage once you unroll it, so that was very useful. Well yeah I mean I, I, I, I really like lock bypass stuff. It's one of one of one of my other hobbies. So this is, you know a variety of tools and that type that the nice to get like a decent collection of. Also, like, especially now, but probably in general. Like have masks like just in general. I mean just in general, like, sure, have have masks, have lots of them. Make sure you can change them. Yeah, have a gas mask if that's at all physically like, respond like fiscally possible for you. Mira is the one. I think Garrison and I would both recommend to the to to 99 point. If you want like a very good gas mask. Really good gas is wonderful. Again, all of these kits, there's the kind of like, OK, what is the what is what's necessary? And then there's like, alright if you have money or if you have time that you want to learn extra skills. What are other things like lock picks if you're just a random Joe and you've never like, don't throw lock picks in your kid. If you've never done any lock pick **** they're not going to help you. But if that that is a skill that is worth picking up and that will make you like more resilient. Yeah, oh, and a 14.9 millimeter anti material rifle. You're always gonna need one of those. They're they they stay super Sonic at up to 3 1/2 miles, which is really useful. So definitely, definitely. And they're only you probably aren't going to spend more than $25,000 getting one set up. So it's it's really for the price of a of a fairly new Toyota Prius. You could have an anti material rifle that can Pierce armored vehicles at at several miles distance. And really what is more pragmatic? A survival tool than that. And we're for it. It's only like $30 around. That's just a moderately expensive meal per bullet, Christopher. Do you think that corporations like Walmart or Amazon could become more militaristic as. Yeah, yeah. I mean, yeah, I think, I think absolutely. The trend that worries me is Amazon's increasing collaborations with and deeper connections with like the FBI and other kind of law enforcement agencies, the degree to which target has also like with the FBI and like with other agencies because they're they're anti shrink departments and whatnot. They're like. There's the surveillance they've built to stop theft is so advanced. Yeah. They have one of the best crime labs in the whole United States. Yeah. Yeah. Organizations like Tiger Swan, which is a mercenary group that the the Dakota pipeline people, the dapple folks like hired to crack down on the Standing rock protests and have have worked in other. There's other organizations like that that were active during the BLM protests and kind of the I I do think we're seeing a pair of militarization of a lot of these corporations. A lot of these corporations in order to protect their what they see as their financial interests and that that is that is proceeding rapidly and it's not the thing that I'm not. I'm not most worried about them like do like having armed forces although there will be some degree of that there's already that's already happened like in Portland and Downtown Portland there are armed effectively like mercenaries guarding certain businesses in certain areas like as a result of like you know to. Deal with quote UN quote the gun crime or whatever property crime that's raised. But the thing that I think is most concerning is the degree to which they are professionalizing a paramilitary surveillance apparatus. And Amazon has done it to do stuff like crackdown on union organizing and whatnot, like. So yeah, I'm very concerned with that. I'm, I I think that the, the the dimension of it that's most frightening is not necessarily like the shadow run corporations buying armies, but rather corporations buying like intelligence agencies. It's kind of the thing that I think will actually be the biggest threat, because in a lot of cases, generally speaking, if I have to deal with an armed security guard or a cop, that security guard is going to be less of a pain in the *** than the cop. Not always, but as a general rule, I'm less worried about security guards than cops, even armed ones. I I think another thing is important to keep in mind is that, yeah, I mean this is like, I don't, I don't I really don't think there's a danger that we're going to go back to like East India Company style, like people with mass armies because it's it's literally too expensive. Like you can't, it's it's too expensive and the armies that exist already do that. Yeah. Yeah, you don't need them. But I mean, I think the the thing, the thing that's like. Scary outside of the intelligence stuff, which is terrifying, but it's the stuff they do down like, I guess you call it down the supply chain, which is like, you know, a converter and union organizers with paramilitaries, right? They they they they tend to work through. Like, you know, like, you know, like corporations will back rebel groups, right? Corporations will back like, you know, in Colombia you see a lot of this is like you have these sort of like. Buy these. I mean something about someone back just directly by land holding, holding corporation, something backed by just individual large landholders, but you get these like, you know, you get basically these paramilitaries that are sort of the third wave after the army goes in. And that's that's very scary. And Republican Republicans see more of that. And. Yeah but but but but I think it's it's kind of important that. There, there's there. There's an extent to which, again, you'll see them having their own mercenaries, but a lot of the time it's. There's some kind of thing. When when when companies really need to kill someone, they tend to outsource that to a like another sort of paramilitary organization, that's like not directly in their supply chain. Like they surely under the chain of command. Hmm. So yeah, that's that's a good and fun time that will probably just get worse. Speaking of corporate ******* or whatever, you get a Coca-Cola ad, I hope. I hope we do get a Coca-Cola ad, because nothing soothes my quench like a cherry vanilla Coca-Cola. Nothing soothes your quench. Did you just say that, Garrison? That's what I said. Those are words that came out of my mouth. We're back. OK, Robert, somebody had a question about an article you wrote back when you worked at crack about a woman who was hiding from their family. The end of the article. You mentioned that you haven't heard from her in a couple of weeks leading up to. Yeah. And they want to know if you've ever heard from her again. So yeah, that's a bummer. The the pseudonym. I'm. I'm not going to use your real name in this, but the pseudonym used for her in the article was assume she was a woman who lived in the EU and was under threat of honor killing from her family who were from Pakistan in origin because she was an atheist, was not a religious hardliner, and didn't want to be and. For years she had kind of hidden that from her family, like she'd moved out on her own, but she'd hidden the fact that, like, she had a boyfriend, she'd hidden the fact she'd like play dungeon, all of this stuff. Like she played DND and was like scared that, like that was like her dad would literally ******* kill her. And this is the thing that happens. This is a thing that happens in the United States and the EU. It's a problem with like, fundamentalist Islam. That's not the only religion there's honor killings as a result on, but that was her specific situation. One of the things she was frightened about is her family would go back to Pakistan regularly and she was. Concerned she wanted to go because it was her only way to see her grandparents, but she was also concerned that if her parents found out when they went back, they would basically. Imprison her somewhere where she would not be able to get out and get back to her home and she would be forced to, you know, be married off or something. So she was working with an organization in the country in the EU where she lived that helped people extricate themselves. And in the kind of one of the last things she told me is that, like, well, the thing she was looking at doing because she was so worried about her dad was a a total break was like one day, with the help of this organization, she would just be gone and in another part of the EU and would have a complete break from her life. And would completely stop living as the identity she had had her entire life. And I never heard from her again after that after like three or four different interview sessions, and I still have not. And my hope is that she did the things she said she was going to do and she just completely burned to that e-mail and every other way people had of getting in touch with her. And she's doing great now. But I I really have no idea. I have absolutely no idea what happened to her. Ohh, so we were the people wanted update on the quest for Evil Horse. Still no. Still no horse. Still have not found an entire horse carcass. But but one day it'll happen, you know. It'll happen, OK. It's gonna be good, Garrison. That Gator that I shoved a Turkey and or a duck inside and a Turkey next to. It was pretty good. It was great after I took it out of the pit as you were wrestling people screaming, well, that's the only way to properly cook it. The right amount of time is to get drunk enough that people have to fight you to remove it from the fire Garrison. Uh-huh. That's how cooking works. I don't know if you've done much of it in your life you'll you'll understand one day. This this is a question that I find interesting because I feel like it really misunderstands that not to like insult the person asking it, but at least that's not what I'm trying to do. Which question? The question is what population can the post capitalist world sustain and thrive on with our ideas and concepts? A billing like we currently have 6 billion. Two billion? Less than a billion like how how do people are you? Willing to lose to achieve sustainability because I I I forget the community and are optimistic. With proper technology and eco sustainability techniques we can maintain a population close to what we have now. And yeah, I feel like just the framing of this question kind of approaches. Our current problems and the solutions we have in a weird way because I don't think we're not trying to reach a peak population. We're trying to make sure the people that we have have enough stuff to live well. And we have that right now. We we we over produce everything we make about 1 1/2 times as much food as we need to to feed everybody. Yet there are billions and millions of people who go hungry. So it's not a so like it's approaching this question allocation issue. Yeah. So approaching this question in terms of like, how could the post capitalist world thrive on our ideas? And like I, we're not trying to, like, reach a certain. Population number where I I think going it from that way is kind of a little silly because I feel like it should be the opposite is. But yeah, I I don't know why we don't think we need to start with population go down. The point is, is, look, what we have here is the people, let's distribute this like a network instead of a top down kind of system. Yeah, yeah. I I think that one of the things you have to, if you're taught, if you're trying to talk about social ecology, one of the things you have to resist is is this idea that like. The overpopulation is any part of the problem. It it is not not right now. Consumption is a problem, but there's plenty of resources. The problem is, again, one of allocation and if you were to actually develop a much more equitable society where people were getting enough, one of the things that we have seen demographically all over the world win the level of kind of when the the sort of resources available per capita in a population increases is people. Have less kids and and like I I think that yeah it's certainly good to say that like in a world that is more equitable the human population will naturally level off and decrease somewhat. But that the the thing that's not the same as saying that like we need to decrease the population, we need to increase equity and and make sure that people have access to the resources that they need and also that people who are massively over consuming aren't allowed to do that anymore. You know, yeah, that will solve the problems and scale back all of the resources being put towards useless growth and putting it towards better distribution. Thus actually mean, like the questioner used the term, like post capitalist. I don't think we're going to a post capitalist world ever. Like, at least, at least not when I'm alive. I don't think like a world, no. Will there be post capitalist areas? Probably. But we're never going to get. There's going to be a post capitalist world. I I don't. I don't. I don't think that. I also think it's entirely possible that we will reach points that people in the time will. Not necessarily. Consider post capitalist because it will be the same States and a lot of the same institutions or organizations that were there as a kid. But people who were, you know, looking at it from a perspective today might consider post capitalist because that's generally how change happens, you know? Yeah, yeah, you're right. Like how democracy increased in in the UK, but they still had, like a king. It's like, when did they. They're not. They never really reached post monarchy. But it's also not the same system that they were run by in, like, 1400. You know, it's wildly different and there's much more representation for more. People. But it it's that is not, you know that there's also, you also have your your Soviet unions and your your killing of zars and which are very yeah which which is fine, and and and and and I I like killing zars. But change happens in a variety of ways, and change can be revolutionary in its effect without being a a clear break. Yeah, I'm trying to think of, like, how we're talking about like, like, capitalist world thriving. Like, I I don't, I don't view 8 billion people thriving right now. Even with that. Like, a lot of there's a lot of, like, it's not like it's that's not what's happening right now. And we need to change the way like, distribution of resources works drastically. And doing that will make everyone's lives a whole lot better and it will also maybe limit some of the endless growth and those things. Aren't opposites and I just, I don't know how, like, we can save those things, but the path to getting there is certainly a lot more ambiguous. Yeah, and I I think that that's, I think one of the ways in which the left goes wrong often is kind of looking at. Things that have been tried before and and didn't, didn't, didn't do the trick. And saying like, what will we need is we need us another Bolshevik revolution. You know, we need to evolution bring us back that, you know, hammer and sickle and it's like, well, you know, they they gave it the old college try and they did not win. And you can be angry at that or whatever, or you can be like, OK, it's the same. And hey, it's it's every tendency. I can look at the ******* mock noises and be like, well, that was based as hell. And you know what? It didn't do the ******* trick. So I think there's a degree of humility that needs to be had in terms of like what actual, what actual change that makes a more livable world will look like. And the way in which that's one of the reasons I did enjoy Kim Stanley Robinson's Ministry of the Future is a lot of it is about the end of capitalism in a way that is not. It it's it's it. It doesn't look like a lot of Inns of capitalism have have kind of been posited by there's a lot of strong arming bankers into like, forcing high level economic changes that put Inns to like really extractive systems and whatnot. It's it's it's interesting. It was kind of an imagining of how the transition could begin in a way that that isn't commonly talked about, at least on the left. And I thought it was valuable for that. And I I think people should be. I think there's, I I think that. People can be more creative in in how they envision the way that might look than they they often are. And I feel like this question actually relates to like stuff like dual power really well because our our goal as individuals is not feeding 8 billion people. Our goal is to get a garden enough so that we can feed most of our friends off of stuff that we grew for like the summer, right. Like that's like, that's what our goal is to is to build it from that way instead of saying like how. How can we feed New York in a climate sustainable way? That is a very different question than being like if we want to integrate solar punk and like eco sustainability stuff into our lives now. Because if we don't do it, no one really else is really going to. Let's start with the people you actually already have connections with. Because a lot of it is is about building like horizontal connections as opposed to defaulting to this top down system of who has what, who needs what. And this is when we when I we venture. And we dare to venture into the subreddit. One of the things I see people like critiquing a lot is like, well, you know, they keep talking about like all of these little like home gardening and like canning and and and kind of these community level solutions. But that's not going to deal with like this massive systemic problem. It's like, yeah, it's not all about that. There's there's one one of the methods in which you can ensure change is keeping you and yours alive and committed on change and part of that is hyper local solutions. That also involve increasing your own idea of your autonomy and your own and your own understanding of things like the food cycle, which have an impact on what you like vote for and what you support pushing for on like a a societal level, the things that you come to better understand in your daily life and and so getting involved in all of these things, guerrilla gardening and whatnot has an impact on that. All I do think people underestimate like the largest crop by acreage in the United States by a long shot is ******* lawns and replacing. Bonds with either 0 escaping just to increase carbon capture and reduce water usage, or with some sort of food growth. Doing a mix of that for the vast majority of like lawn area in the United States actually would be a significant thing on a global level. Recommend everyone the book food, not lawns. It's that that would not be a meaningless change, and it is something that people can have an impact on because it is the kind of thing that if we're it were to get popular enough, there's a Pokémon point, you know, where it where it becomes a trend and and like Pokémon, if it gets popular enough it will never die. That's what we say about all of our stuff on our show. If it if it becomes like Pokémon Point or or the NFT point if that's. But I don't think NFT No Pokémon is so much better than any. Although the day that this drops, that will probably announce the Pokémon NFT game, which will be the final coffin and the biosphere. All of all of all of my pokemons are gone. I've been hacked, all my apes gone. That was my favorite post of the holiday season. Ohh, Robert, do you want to give an update on after the revolution? That was asked a couple of times. Yeah, after the Revolution sequel. I'm 3 chapters in. Oh, wow. So it'll be done. Hopefully some point this year. Garrison. Garrison has a question on that. Are you going to pay someone else to code the ebook? No, no, no. We pay you, Garrison. Why would I why would I do that? I don't want to code this. Yeah, well, I have to work on. The Daily Show now, I cannot code this *******. We all have things to do we don't want to do. Oh my gosh. Ohhh. Alright. I'm so sorry Garrison. So sorry. We'll have you coded some other people's books just to get get the practice done. No, stop. No more coding will not allow it. There there are experts who could do this a lot prettier than I can with my I think I, Garrison, I consider you an expert now. I hope no in in in epub coding. I'll put that on my resume. Yeah, absolutely. Yeah. Well, I think that does it for us today, folks. If you want to follow us on social media so you can watch us promote our own shows again, you can go to Calzone media on Twitter, Instagram and happen here pod and wouldn't that be lovely? We get so much more connections through online. That's wow. That really do. I love online. Yeah. And we're doing a behind the ********. The live stream digital show with prop on? That doesn't sound right. That doesn't sound. This bit is so not funny every single time. It's not a bit. I'm just dreading it. I'm dreading it too, but we're doing it. Mint Mobile offers premium wireless starting at just 15 bucks a month. And now for the plot twist. Nope, there isn't one. Mint Mobile just has premium wireless from 15 bucks a month. There's no trapping you into a two year contract. You're opening the bill to find all these nuts fees. There's no luring you in with free subscriptions or streaming services that you'll forget to cancel. And then. Charged full price for none of that. For anyone who hates their phone Bill, Mint Mobile offers premium wireless for just $15.00 a month. Mint Mobile will give you the best rate whether you're buying one or for a family. And it meant family start at 2 lines. All plans come with unlimited talk and text, plus high speed data delivered on the nation's largest 5G network. You can use your own phone with any mint mobile plan and keep your same phone number along with all your existing contacts. Just switch to Mint mobile and get premium wireless service starting at 15 bucks a month. Get premium. Wireless service from just $15.00 a month and no one expected plot twist at mintmobile.com/behind. That's mintmobile.com/behind. Seriously, you'll make your wallet very happy at mintmobile.com behind. So by now we imagine that you've seen the theories on Tik T.O.K. You maybe even heard the rumors, your friends and loved ones. But are any of the stories about government conspiracies and cover ups actually true? The answer is surprisingly or unsurprisingly, yes. For more than a decade, we here at stuff they don't want you to know have been seeking answers to these questions, sometimes their answers that people would rather us not explore. Now we're sharing this research with you. For the first time ever in a book format, you can preorder stuff they don't want you to know. Now it's the new book from us, the creators of the podcast and video series. You can turn back now or read the stuff they don't want you to know. Available for pre-order now, it's stuff you should read books.com or wherever you find your favorite books. My name is Erica Kelly and I am the host and creator of Southern Freight true crime. There are so many people that just have no idea about some injustices in the world, and if you can give a voice to them, you can create change. To be able to do it within podcasting is just such a gift. I believe it was 18 months after I got on with Spreaker that I was making enough that I could quit my day job. It was incredible. I always feel like an ambassador for speaker. But that's because I'm passionate about podcasting. It's really easy to use. I always tell people I am so not tech. Took me 5 minutes to get comfortable with spreaker, and when I find a new friend that has an incredible show, I want them to make money. I want them to be able to do what I did. Follow your podcasting dreams. Let's break your handle the hosting, creation, distribution, and monetization of your podcast. Go to spreaker.com. That's spreaker.com. Get paid to talk about the things you love. Spreaker from iheart in February, February 17th. Moment house.com/behind the tickets. Are tickets still available? They are moment house.com/behind the ********. Can I buy them? Scalpel them to the fans. I yeah. Gary, tell you what to do. Get in there. False scarcity is is the key. Well, do that if you have disposable income and want to watch Robert talk. Yeah, yeah, more than we already do. I guarantee you it'll be worth it. Well, that's the episode. Thank you for listening. I hope everyone has a better 2022. That would be nice. And I hope everyone has an identical 2022 down to the day and until in May. You realize that you're actually in like a Groundhog Day style loop and then you would achieve Nirvana if I'm remembering how the movie Groundhog Day went properly. Sure. I yeah, that sounds that sounds great. Have a good year. Make some changes. Make connections with people around you. They're there. You just you just have to find them. Talk to people who look like they have cool politics or or start doing cool things, you know, and start start start doing cool things. Yeah, we should address one last thing, which is the question people ask. That gets asked a lot, but we probably can't address enough, which is like, there's no one around me doing any of this mutual aid stuff. There's nobody around me engaging any of the stuff that I want to get. How do? How do I get organized and get involved? Number one, there are people around you. Doing that kind of **** and may just be hard to find because of where you are. But if you start. Doing **** if you like the the the simplest thing I can say is try and figure out where there's a need and start filling it. Often you will start meeting other people who are engaged in adjacent projects or even the same thing, and that's a way to get into it. If you are trying to start, if you actually get so far as to start serving a need in your area in a mutual aid capacity and trying to start organizing and whatnot, and you're doing ****. Feel free to hit us up on e-mail. Reach out. We are happy to signal, boost and signpost people who are have actually started doing ****. It's one of those things please don't come to. I think this might be a cool idea, but if you start doing **** and you can provide some evidence that you're you're doing something in your community that's not currently being done, that is a mutual aid type thing or even even a charitable type thing. If it's if you're doing it, we will try to help signal boost and and can be very useful in that capacity. So so it's not easy necessarily, especially depending on where you live. But like you do, it's always possible to find a need and fill it, you know? Yeah I found that a definitely was easier before the pandemic but a way that I've met people that are a little bit more open minded to the same things that I'm open minded to was going to like local comedy shows or things things of that nobody shows, I'm guessing like farmers market, farmers market farmers you know whatever. Kind of weird, not not in the normal culture people will go to. You'll probably find someone there with radical politics. Yeah, that's probably exactly all those types of like like you know, countercultural subcultural spaces. You'll probably find someone there who's wearing a back patch that is something like smash to something, you know? So like, just like you, you have to, you know, you you're not going to find them by staying at your in your house and scrolling on Twitter. I mean they're probably not. You have to kind of go into the real world as scary as the meat space may be. Yeah. And I I would say another thing to keep in mind if you are in kind of a more. Conservative area. And even if you do identify as an anarchist, you don't have to frame it that way. You can always call yourself a libertarian municipal list, and none of the people who might be offended by anarchists will listen past libertarian and they'll decide you're fine. And that's a great way to. Start that. Like a an ironic means the same thing, more or less. I mean, there's other kinds of anarchists who are, but like most people who say they're anarchists. If you were to call them libertarian, municipal lists would be like, alright, whatever, yeah, not me, don't call me that, but I call call Chris that constantly. Uh, that's, that's that's that's it. We'll be back tomorrow or maybe not. I don't know what day. Probably tomorrow. Probably tomorrow. Maybe. Yep, that's what I'm saying. And it's been said. Say so. Bye. I call the Union hall, I said. It's a matter of life and death. I think these people are planning to kill Doctor King. On April 4th, 1968, Doctor Martin Luther King was shot and killed in Memphis. A petty criminal named James Earl Ray was arrested. He pled guilty to the crime and spent the rest of his life in prison. Case closed, right? James Earl Ray was a pawn. For the official story, the authorities would parade all we found a gun that James Earl Ray bought in Birmingham that killed Doctor King. Except it wasn't the gun that killed Doctor King. One of the problems that came out when I got the Ray case was that some of the evidence, as far as I was concerned, did not match the circumstances. This is the MLK tapes. The first episodes are available now listen on the iHeartRadio app Apple Podcasts. Or wherever you get your podcasts. Executive producer Paris Hilton brings back the hit podcast how men think, and that's good news for anyone that is confused by men, which is basically everyone get an inside look at what goes on in the mind of men from the men themselves. It's real talk straight from the source. The how Men Think podcast is exactly what we need to figure them out. It's going to be fun, informative, and probably a bit scary at times because we're literally going inside the minds of men. As much as we like to think all men are the same, they're actually very different. Each week, a celebrity guest host provides honest advice in his area of expertise. When I agreed to do this reboot, I had a few conditions. No sugar coating, no mind games, and absolutely no mansplaining. Men are hard enough to understand without the mind games. Listen to how men think on the iHeartRadio app, Apple Podcasts, or wherever you get your podcasts. I'm Colleen. But join me, the host of eating wild broke podcasts while I eat a meal created by self-made entrepreneurs, influencers, and celebrities over a meal they once ate when they were broke. Today I have the lovely AJ Crimson, the official Princess of Compton, Asia, kidding, and Asia. This is the professor we're here on Eddie while broke and today I'm going to break down my meal that got me through a time when I was broke. Listen to eating while broke on the iHeartRadio app, on Apple Podcasts, or wherever you get your podcasts. This is going to be ****. This is going to suck. This is going to be trash because no one knows what's going to happen. I have not actually come up with a prediction yet, no. I have one. I don't know I have. I have one that I came up with before the show, yeah. Is have, have we have we opened it? Yeah, we've already started. OK, so we were supposed to this is it could happen here. Everybody podcast, things falling apart. How to maybe make them fall apart less. Sophie pitched the great idea of why don't we do an episode that is our predictions for. It's really not my idea when people ask. So this was so piece idea that she's been talking about this for a long time. Spring fully formed from the sight of her head, like Athena from Zeus's skull, and we all agreed it was a good idea for an episode. And then I did not come up with a prediction. Did you know? Not a second. Not even a moment. Absolutely love the Athena Zeus reference. That's how I tell people I got Anderson. Yeah, well, my prediction for the year is that I'm going to keep making references to Athena whenever I do something that ****** Sophie off so that she's less angry. Well, it will absolutely work. Yeah, that's my prediction for your prediction. OK, OK. OK. Wait, wait before we go into the to the to the big bigger thing. I want everybody to give one word prediction for how you would describe this coming year 2022. One word prediction. Boring. NFT. Ohh. I was just going to say ****** but I don't think, but with the pH, because it's going to be hot too. I don't think it's going to be that ****** actually. I think I was going to say mediocre. Yeah, I'm I'm foreseeing a lot of blandness. A lot of blandness my here. Here's a prediction I'll make. I think that. One of the things that we were seeing last year, especially in the streets with like the far right being so much more. Active than the left in a lot of places and in a lot of ways is. 2020 really tired, a lot of people on the left out, a lot of organizers, a lot of St level people. Not just like, oh, I'm tired, but like I was injured, I'm fighting charges, my funds were depleted, I had to. I couldn't keep going out because I have a family and I had to deal with that sort of ****. And I think, I don't think that energy is back yet, but it always ebbs and flows and it does on both sides because at the end of the day, whether you're a fascist or a progressive. People have X amount of energy, you know and I think we are, I believe we are kind of at the beginning process of folks on the left starting to recover some of that energy. And I, I think that that is a process we're going to see building throughout the year. I agree with that, yeah. Yeah. And it'll be a multi year process and I'm, I'm kind of hoping 2024 folks are ready to throw down again. But but we'll see like where that goes. I do think we might have like a few days of people throwing down in the streets for some reason. Like something bad may happen like always like late summer. I I can, I can definitely see like a few days in July or August where it's like, oh was the thing starting again and it goes on for a bit and then it kind of Peters out. Honest, I I definitely see that being a decent possibility because yeah, I think there will be more energy for that this year and more mental like like like ability to to do to do that this year then then 2021, yeah. But overall I I don't see anything super eventful and hopefully this doesn't like jinx anything and then we get no, I mean my my big eventful prediction is that. I will explain what this is based on in a bit. I think we are going to see a significant sized urban metropolitan area be rendered. Uninhabitable either permanently or for a significant period of time in the United States due to climate change. And part of what this is based on is the December wildfires that just destroyed a significant chunk of Boulder, Co right? Not talking about like New York City gets swallowed by the waves, but like a place where there's a couple 100,000 people living they're not able to be for either ever or an extended period of time because of a climate based disaster hits. Maybe it'll be a heat Dome type thing. Maybe it'll be like a wet bulb. Event maybe. It'll be fires, obviously. Always possible. Hurricane, tornado. You know, we we saw enough just in the last couple of months in terms of those like record hurricanes that killed like 100 people in in the South or the fires sweeping boulder right now and again ******* December. But but I I do think there's a pretty good chance we see something like that this year. I think my big one is that, I mean, OK, so the, the, the, the obvious freebie is that we're going to cross a million COVID deaths or like the the official count. We, we like we we've had more than, yeah baby, US official count will hit this. Is this the freebie? The not freebie? Is that like, it's not even a prediction? That's like saying I think it's going to be warm in the summer time. Yeah, like, you know, and warm in the summer time is probably like a bigger gamble at this point than. Oh yeah. Very, very warm in the summer time. Yeah. But, but but I think that the the real thing is that like there there is never going to be, never locked down the US never like, you know, God no, no. The President of the United States could die and there would be no lockdown like and this is you know and I think this is the result of. I don't know. I I wonder what you think. This is my my thesis for what was going on in 2020. Was that like? I actually think the like the like liberate Wisconsin stuff. I think that actually worked. Like those those number in 2020 there. All those giant like, people show up with guns to copy. Absolutely. It worked. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah, it worked. And it was like and but but they they did. They did. Terrorism usually works. It's a very effective way to get things done well. And I think there's an important lesson here, though, is that like. So the state will never like. Very, very rarely will the state ever like. Directly. Like they, they, they they won't immediately back down. Right. What they'll do is, like, they'll make an enormous show about how they didn't grant any concessions. And then they will grant concessions like, you know, this is the thing with the riots. Like, people are talking, like, why do we not? There's not many more stimulus checks. Right. The reason not to be more stimulus checks because nobody's writing and, you know, like, So what kind of stimulus checks you get if a couple of targets get redacted? Yeah. Like, you know, if if you burn down other police station, we will get more stimulus checks. It's just that you have to, you know, there has to be another police station. Yeah right. But like this is and this is the, this is the, you know the the the right was extremely effective at this right and in a way that people just don't. Really talk about, which is that it is now politically impossible in the US, like, no, no one, no one will ever do another lockdown because people will show up with guns and they don't want to deal with that. And they've decided that just just kill, just kill all. Look, you know we've already killed the entire population of Seattle like they're dead. Like we'll just keep killing more people, more people and just never think. People often are going. I think people on the left attack the Biden's COVID response for a lot of the wrong things, like the thing that I I would go after him for is like. Yeah, we didn't. He didn't just say, here's a bunch of money, don't go to work, we're not going back to school like stay at home. Here's a pile of cash which might have worked. It was worth a shot. But past that, a lot of this was beyond by the time he came into office, the the armed militant cultural movement against the idea of COVID precautions was so advanced that, like, what do you what? What out? What more could have been realistically done other than trying to give people enough money again to actually stay home? Which again is the thing I think it's most fair to attack him on. Like, OK, I mean, it's just like shifts beyond Biden in a lot. But, like, I don't like, OK, it was like, well, what what could have been done? I don't know, like if if you're looking for the respective of the state, they could actually have deployed the intelligence services against them instead of doing like one dumb entrapment plot, right. Like, well, sure. But that's that's also that starts before Biden. And by again, by the time he's like, it's like, you know, but like, yeah, I called her bluff, right. Have a bunch people show up to the capital and it's like, OK, here's the FBI like, like that, that that's a thing. Like if if you're a liberal statist, you could do and they just don't want to because like, partially don't want the conflict and partially because it would actually, it would look like it would look really bad for them heading into the midterms. It would look so they're bad in in. Also, I think this is less. The FBI is kind of much more centrist in terms of their politics as an agency. But like when you talk there were a lot of federal and state aid. Yeah. I mean most federal and state, like, I don't know that they can rely on them like that. They can rely even. Even the FBI is like, yeah, they were using the proud boys and. Comments like on, yeah, against anarchists, like, yeah, so yeah, like they're not like. I I have an appreciation. What I will say is I have an appreciation for the fact that by the time Biden was in office, it may have been an unsolvable problem. Which doesn't let him off the hook for things that were objectively bad decisions, like not doing **** for stimulus, like pushing to open the schools. Like, you know a number of other things that he's done. But also like, if he had done all of the right things, we still might be at exactly this death toll because there are cultural issues here that were very advanced by the time he took office. And I do think like it's whatever. I'm not. I'm not saying this to let Biden off the hook or support the Democratic Party. I'm saying this because people need to have an accurate conception of the problem, and the problem is so much deeper than what a technocrat could have handled by making smart policy. Add break. Yay, I break. And we're back. From now to space, actual prediction, Republicans will win the Senate. Yeah, which seems pretty like I think there is a decent chance Democrats can keep the house. But I'm pretty sure it's and it's gonna go back to the Republicans. I mean, they are damn near in control of the Senate as it is. Yeah, but they they. Yeah. But I I do believe that's going to happen. And let's see, other rich dad just does not seem that's not that far fetched of a thing. And I don't know, there'll be some other kind of. Tech ******* the the the space between Elon Musk, Peter Thiel, Silicon Valley. There's gonna be, I think there's gonna be some worsening development of like tech like technocratic stuff. Possibly in like possibly with like the mask of trying to like fix climate change or something. But I think there'll be a decent growth of tech power and possibly they're like cooperation with the state or the state like fund, like giving more. Explicit like funding and permission to tech power to like do terraforming or like some geoengineering. Like there's gonna be something related to that sphere that is, that's going to get a lot more visible than it actually is. My big tech prediction is that there is going to be a crime against humanity at some point this year, like on a massive scale, not like just a mass shooting, but like a state level crime against humanity. And we're going to find out that for the last like 8 months Facebook had been paying the perpetrators a significant amount of money as a result of like. Ill thought out ad program that they had yeah, like we're going to, we're going to leap to Facebook actively funding an ethnic cleansing because some somebody thought up some sort of affiliate program that was not well conceived. That's my fun tech industry prediction. My fun tech industry prediction is that. Jeff Bezos will increasingly become the most cringiest man in the world. Yeah, it is very funny that that picture of him on New Year's, he's just wearing a Dan flashes shirt. He's he's absolutely wearing a Dan flashes shirt, and that's incredibly funny. Robert. Robert, that shirt costs him $3000 because the pattern is so common. It's very complicated at how much the lines Criss cross. I I just. I just don't like you insisting that it's not as much money, but despite its complicatedness that that photo was my version of holiday code they sent to everyone I know. Yeah, I think, I think we're going to see a lot more unions this year. Yeah, that does seem to be a positive trend that we're seeing is a lot more unionization and some significant successes for and and a lot more like like general acceptance of the concept of a Union, other prediction related to tech industry stuff. I think one of the billionaire space ships things is going to have a disastrous launch. So the pause, pause, the prediction of spaceships gonna blow up with people inside it as it tries to take off, that's my that's my positive prediction that it could take some people with it. Sorry to the people, sorry to the workers who are going to be probably harmed at that, but it could take some people out. So it's going to be funny. That is, that's possibility also. There's gonna be a there's gonna be a disastrous effect around. Austin is right. That's where, that's where a lot of the spaceship stuff getting set up. There's no, no, no, no. It's that's just where the offices are. It's like boom chicka. It's like on the coast of Texas. Got close enough. Well, Austin, some some piece of the spaceship is going to fly through someone's house. No one's gonna care about it. They're struggling to kill a family or something. No one's gonna care. Nothing's gonna happen. Yeah, it'll be fine that those are my more my tech industry predictions related to. Spaceship stuff, yeah yeah. I I also think on on a more I I don't know how the, the the current civil war in Myanmar is going to shake out, but I I I think there's a chance that it becomes the 1st place where there is a successful or at least partially successful revolutionary movement that is to a significant extent armed via 3D printed weaponry. They've all we've already seen a lot of that. Deployed by the. Apples in Myanmar, I'm I'm interested in watching that because it's kind of the first time we've seen that technology used. On a meaningful scale by people that aren't like organized crime. And yeah I think it's still too early to tell like how much of an actual like whether or not it's just kind of a distraction from the more meaningful aspects of of the struggle and the more meaningful like kind of deployments of of weaponry and other tools in the struggle or whether or not it will actually play a significant role in the armed struggle. But it's it's very much worth watching if you're somebody who pays attention to insurgent movements and and what is increasingly. Possible as a result of new technology. I have another really bad prediction. JK Rowling is going to release a book on gender. Ohh God. On the YouTube channel, yeah, something I think, I think there's a decent chance she has been writing a book about gender and she's going to release in 2022. I think that is an actual, actual serious prediction. Just go away and a whole bunch of liberal moms are going to buy it for each other and they're going to read it and it's going to be bad. And that is, that is my, that's my, that's my horrible prediction. She could be so beloved if she had limited her comments after publishing Harry Potter, if she repeatedly telling people that results are constantly ******** their pants, if she just didn't use Twitter after anything at all and she could have been a different person. It's the Dave Chappelle thing. Just stay off. We all. We all would have loved you forever if you just gone off and counted your money and left us alone. Yeah, go be rich somewhere. It's fine to be done. It's fine to be done being famous and influential. You, you you did great. They did great. You never needed to come back. Ever. She don't. She did. I'm not sure if she did. Great. She did. She did. She did. Look again. This is all colored by. If she had never come back into the public eye, all it would have been like you member that Lady who got like 12 year olds to read 700 page books that one time like people would not be as critical of the actual content of the Harry Potter books if she just hadn't. Kept coming back and saying **** anyway, so that's and and and and then like didn't stop, and then did not stop. And then was told bad. Really, really bad. And then kept doing it and kept doing it and kept doing it and kept doing it. Uh-huh. You know what people should be look, if you're if you're listening to this and you're a millionaire who is, like, hugely popular for some cultural reason in the late 90s and early 2000s. Think about Bill Watterson Bill Watterson 1995 ends the most popular comic strip in the history of comics and spends the rest of his life in ******* Iowa painting landscapes and never talks to anybody with a platform again. And I everybody loves Bill Watterson. Like not a single person has a criticism of Bill Watterson. Just do that. Just do what he did. Just go paint landscapes and Iowa and don't talk to journalists or get on Twitter. It's fine. Does Bill Watterson believe regressive things about gender? Nobody knows because he doesn't say anything. I think another prediction that is actually decently possible. I think we will get more and more cities and or states to decriminalize hard drugs and in certain possession amounts. I think there is a there's a number of bills going around California and a lot of other States and I believe that will be start to become more and more common, which will be great. It would be nice if they get legalized, but, you know, get, get get what you can for now, yeah. Speaking of drugs, here's CBD oil sponsored by heroin by by big drug. Here you go. Have fun. Stay safe. We're back and I just want to let everybody know that if if everything gets legalized, we will be sponsored by methamphetamine so ******* quickly it will make your head spin. I will never turn down a drug sponsor except for like, Super Foods. We don't do Super Foods. We don't do brain pills, but heroin? I would advertise the **** out of heroin. I'm already ready to advertise heroin. Hair loss drugs. We don't do that. But but heroin? Hey, is life depressing and difficult? You know, it'll make life easier. I take it back. Heroin. I hated that. I helped that bit. Chris, you were you were saying something before break my my one serious prediction is I I don't think we've. I I think we're going to get one more big like Latin American uprising and it will not be in Argentina. I have been eating **** for three *** **** years predicting it's gonna be Argentina. It's like, oh, they're getting an IMF bailout ago and it just never Argentine. It won't be Argentina, it will be somewhere else. But someone is. Someone is going to spend like two months doing a bunch of stuff that's extremely cool outside of Argentina. I I kind of think, I don't know. I'll be interested to see what happens in Brazil because it's hard to get a sense for the exact numbers. But yeah, there's potential there, there is potential there with what's happened in Bolivia and what's happened in Chile, there's there's momentum in it is exciting, broad area. There's like. Just like there's shoot, there's like enormous protest in Brazil, like all the time. Oh yeah, sure, yeah. There's like massive. It just hasn't sort of like, like, it hasn't turned into, like, everyone fighting the cops and like, yeah, I don't know if will because like. I don't know. I mean this is, this is, this is my vibes based interpretation of it. But it feels like the the the Workers Party has enough of a handle on the protest that they're not going to sort of like explode because the PT just wants to win its election and get out of Bolsonaro. But yeah, and I mean the, the the possibility of any kind of like actual revolutionary insurrection or anything relies heavily on like that path not working for people. Like they're not that they're not being that kind of safety. I mean, I I say this if if they arrest Lula again, like, yeah, I I don't think Bolsonaro, like, I think there will be, will die in his own ****. Like, yeah, that might happen even if his party stays in power. I mean, that's true. He was actively dying as we record this episode, which is very funny. I got, as a result of one of our ad campaigns, several aura picture frames, uh, this year, and right now we're loading one up. That's just pictures of sick Bolsonaro to keep in mind. Living room. So anytime I walk past I can look at Jair Bolsonaro hacking up a lung. We're having **** sucked out of his nose from a tube. I will say oh by my one more like very fast prediction about this is that Kissinger is going to live. He's not going to die. Damn it Chris. *** **** next year thank you. **** you love myself to hope for one for about I love myself to hope for about 8 hours and I think he's going to. Sad, but maybe I'll be wrong. I don't know, it would have been pretty cool if Betty White's last action had been some sort of anti jihad. Kissinger yeah. She becomes the most loved American in human history. Like, goes out just like jumping out of an airplane. Like, yeah, she parachutes into Kissinger's house with a flensing knife. I'm going to say in Colorado, Oregon or Washington, we're going to get our first safe drug injection site opened. I know they've been very pretty good. They've been, they've been very successful inside different parts of Canada, specifically Vancouver, BC and I believe one of those three states is going to get the first one. I hope it's all of them. You want to support some of those people up in Canada, go to heroin Mart and buy a shoot dope. **** the cops hoodie. Yeah, but. Say like safe, safe, drug injection and injection sites are have been have been very good at preventing deaths in Vancouver, BC and there's just a good idea in general and I'm really excited at the prospect. They're an incredibly good idea. And they also, if you're trying to again talk about this to the Conservatives in your life, they're cheaper. They're cheaper letting people be addicted to drugs on the street because people don't steal stuff. Also their heroines free. Also, they won't have ridiculous medical bills. They get paid by the state. And they're more likely to seek treatment even if you don't mandate that, especially if you don't mandate that. Because as a rule, people don't like having problematic addictions to drugs. And if they can deal with their immediate needs and also know that there's help available, they will often choose to get help. So and I think I have I've one more actual prediction is that a new matrix video game will will be announced and that is that is all of my predictions. Ohh we should probably talk about matrix for briefly. That's what the people want Garrison it is it is the people that is. And and for the record this is going to be controversial because some people have no taste but we both think it ******* ruled. It is possibly the best matrix filled. It was really fun. It's it's very good if you think about it for any amount of time. It gets very good in the way it addresses the system's power to incorporate revolt as a part of the system, which was already teased inside me as a monetized aesthetic. Yeah, reloaded. But yeah, like the matrix using the weapon that wants to find you against you, and the matrix weaponizing all of your ideas against you is very good. I know Lana put a lot of thought into this, particularly around who she is, how she's developed and how her work has been turned against her and what she believes, both by like the people and also like corporately in terms of like achieving the correct amount of meta. That it's not useless drivel while still actually being aware of what it is I think was done well. I know there's there's some people in like the postmodern thing who think it, don't who think it doesn't go meta enough and I. I think that's nonsense because if you go any, if you if you point out that pointing out, that pointing out revolting against the system is part of the system, then you've lost everybody. Like no one cares because you you can add on those layers endlessly and it's just drivel. So I think they got the correct amount of meta. Well then a bend. Not abandoning that idea, but moving it on me like, you know, it's more important than being meta is making friends and finding human connections because going through the world like this, isolated like Thomas Anderson is when he's in the matrix as. Like as as as games that are. A big part of that problem is that he's very isolated and the whole point is like, no. You need to find friends, find connections, get like like be, have people around you to build a network of and they actually start like like. Loving other people is really one of the only ways out of this looping cycle and layering of matrixes that we always live in. It was it's a wonderful film. I could talk, I could, I could talk about it for hours. But we could do a whole podcast this year about why we enjoyed Matrix 4. But it's it's pretty fun and my only the only thing I'll add to that is a lot of people fools is is what I call them are angry at the fact that it ended with the brass against cover of Rage Against the machine. It was so good, it was so good, it was so big and and the the cover of that song opens it. Exact so that the sing the lead singer of brass against became briefly famous mid late last year when during while playing that exact song on stage she urinated into a fans mouth. And the song that in the cover that ends the matrix starts at exactly the moment where she peed in that guy's mouth during the live show. And I am certain that Lana Wachowski was planning to use the original Rage Against the machine version of that song and then that news dropped and was like, well let's get these brass against. People I I I want, I want the **** sock. One other thing I want to mention is theory is reflecting on the analyst as a character and how he relates to kind of the meat space argument and how digital systems and algorithms and social media operates. He if you listen to him talk and within the whole context, within the whole context of the film he you know they they think there's actually some more insightful points than what you might originally suspect around like social media and. Digital Ness versus Mint Mobile offers premium wireless starting at just 15 bucks a month. And now for the plot twist. Nope, there isn't one. Mint Mobile just has premium wireless from 15 bucks a month. There's no trapping you into a two year contract. You're opening the bill to find all these nuts fees. There's no luring you in with free subscriptions or streaming services that you'll forget to cancel and then be charged full price for none of that. For anyone who hates their phone Bill, Mint Mobile offers premium wireless for just $15.00 a month. Mint Mobile will give you the best rate whether you're buying. Or for a family. And it meant family start at 2 lines. All plans come with unlimited talk and text, plus high speed data delivered on the nation's largest 5G network. You can use your own phone with any mint mobile plan and keep your same phone number along with all your existing contacts. Just switch to Mint mobile and get premium wireless service starting at 15 bucks a month. Get premium wireless service from just $15.00 a month, and no one expected plot twists at mintmobile.com/behind. That's mintmobile.com/behind. Seriously, you'll make your wallet. Very happy at Mint Mobilcom behind. So by now we imagine that you've seen the theories on Tik T.O.K. You maybe even heard the rumors from your friends and loved ones. But are any of the stories about government conspiracies and cover ups actually true? The answer is surprisingly or unsurprisingly, yes. For more than a decade, we here at stuff they don't want you to know have been seeking answers to these questions, sometimes their answers that people would rather us not explore. Now we're sharing this research with you for the first time ever in a book format, you can pre-order stuff they don't want you to know now. It's the new book from us, the creators of the podcast and video series. You can turn back now or read the stuff they don't want you to know. Available for pre-order now, it's stuff you should read books.com or wherever you find your favorite books. My name is Erica Kelly and I am the host and creator of Southern Freight true crime. There are so many people that just have no idea about some injustices in the world and if you can give a voice to them you can create change. To be able to do it within podcasting is just such a gift. I believe it was 18 months after I got on with speaker that I was making enough that I could quit my day job. It was incredible. I always felt like an ambassador for speaker. But that's because I'm passionate about podcasting. It's really easy to use. I always tell people I am so not tech. Took me 5 minutes to get comfortable with spreaker, and when I find a new friend that has an incredible show, I want them to make money. I want them to be able to do what I did. Follow your podcasting dreams. Let's break your handle the hosting, creation, distribution, and monetization of your podcast. Go to spreaker.com. That's spreaker.com. Get paid to talk about the things you love. Spreaker from iheart is realness. It's always, you know, always a factor in matrix films. But the way the way they handle it in this film, I think, is a lot more mature than all the topics they handle in their previous films. And I mean, there there's just so many, like, really good, like, single lines that offer, like, really good, like, oh, wow. Like, that's just like a very good point. And then they just move past them so, like, so effortlessly. Like, you could focus on any one of those really good lines. And they they just OfferUp so many at at, at, at, at, at, at at many points. And I like that they turned the mayor of Ingin into Ted. Winsky it's just fun. Like, at the end of the day, it's just actually really fun. And it doesn't feel exactly like the other movies in the series, which is what I want. I don't like reboots. I wasn't a fan of the Star Wars reboot because it was like. I've seen this again. Yeah, yeah. I I I like. I like that it. I like that a lot of the action in this movie, right up until kind of the end feels perfunctory and, like, I like Lana, like kind of saying, like, I don't care about this part anymore, like I've done the guys fighting agents and bullet time. That, you know, at the end there's some more, some more loving action set pieces, but like from the beginning, it's very much, it's much more like a really fun commentary on how Hollywood works and how the video game industry works. There's a ******* Mass Effect joke in there. There's a joke about like the 1999 or 2000 Matrix video game that happened before Garrison was born. It's so fun. It's it's just a lot of fun as a movie. It's rad. Hmm. Well, any any other final, final predictions before we wrap up this this extremely well thought through episode that we've poured our hearts and minds into? We really did. Doctor Oz is going to go down in flames. Ohh, I hope so. Oh man, man, that I really have no idea what to expect from. I have no idea. I'm not going, I'm not making any predictions on that because I too. I've. I've no idea. No idea. The only thing that I'll say is that one way or the other, it's going to be a bellwether. If it like goes great for him and he wins easily, we're going to see a lot more like Doctor Phil was absolutely rolling in the ******* Congress, if that works for Oz. And other other people who are kind of occupy similar cultural spaces will do the same thing. And then we'll have congressional inquiries about whether or not this simple trick will burn belly fat. It's going to be really, if it's like, like, if that's what happens, like the thing, the thing Trump's going to be remembered for, like, is, is, is being like, well, the thing Reagan's going to be remembered for is being just like, like 50 years ahead of his time before we're literally all entirely ruled by just reality TV. Ours. Hmm. Whose wives are great at giving head? Should I? Did any? Did everyone already forget that Nancy Reagan throat goat discourse? I understand that she wrote. She wrote discourse. One was so exhausted that yeah, if you didn't catch this. It's a very well known secret and has been for like 50 years, that back before they got married and probably after, Nancy was famous for giving the best ******** in Hollywood. As as as Garrison tosses the cat. Every single episode. So I disdain this discourse now. Yeah. 2022. It's a year we're in it. OK. My my last prediction is I actually do think this year is gonna suck slightly less. 2021 did. Yeah. Mediocre. Now I this is probably the big one. I'm gonna eat **** on, but like something you don't, he's going to happen. Hopefully you're right about it. So, yeah, I'm hoping. No. Yeah. I think that there's a decent chance that we're that it's better. It's at least in some ways. The climate stuff, as it nearly always will for the foreseeable future, will keep getting worse. But yeah, I think there's actually a chance that COVID will get better, not because of any policy decision, but because Omicron, literally 90% of human beings in in the world get it, and those that survive COVID stops passing on as much. Which is kind of vaguely speaking, what happened with. You know, the influenza I, other addicts I will be. Probably foolish. And making one more prediction that is like around the fall, we will not see spikes as big as we saw this last year. I I I do think there will probably still be some, but I I do think the numbers are going to be generally trending down. Yeah, after Omikron hits its peak, just because how do people will get infected and how many antibodies plus vaccines will be circulating and how many people have already been who who don't take the vaccine have will already have like died off. Yeah it's I I do not saying that to be like flippant or to be like no, but like I just that's what's happened is that you have. 11 I hate it, but I I do hope, and I I do hope and some slightly predict that we'll have less, less spiking numbers around this next fall and winter as we did this current, you know, fall and winter season. I wouldn't mind ending on a note of appreciation for the ******* booster, because we got it. You and I both Garrison, as did most of our friends and had just a **** load of COVID flying around us. This was everywhere. Of infections and we were fine. One of my friends got COVID and her mom, who they live in the same house did not like, has not gotten COVID because they're wearing masks and they got the booster so and for for all my friends that that did get COVID that had that were boosted. The book, the vaccine did its job there. You're not in the hospital. You'll test positive on a rapid test and then test negative on a PCR. Probably because by the time he got to the PCR, like the next day, his viral load was just so ******* low. Get that third backs the vaccine works. Who could have predicted, who could have predicted that the things that are literally the entire basis of our modern concept of the value of human life continue to be very effective? All right. Well, that that does it for us. Unplug, go spend time outside. Touch grass. Hmm. Touch your mirror. Like trying to go through it because yeah, try to go through your mirror. What's real, what's not. See if see if maybe you were the the digital Messiah and you have been trapped in a simulation where you work at a Food Lion and and you can break free of it, but not fly anymore. Because now your girlfriend, he does. He does fly with Trinity at the end. With Trinity, sure. Just as we all can only fly with with carry on our left. Well, with Carrie admissions, yeah, that's right. Who has gotten so much hotter as they made you? Alright, well, that's the episode. That's that's where we end. The black effect presents features, honest conversations, and exclusive interviews, a space for artists, everyday people, and listeners to amplify, elevate, and empower black voices with great conversations. Make sure to listen to the black Effect Presents podcast on iHeartRadio, Apple Podcasts, or wherever you get your podcast. Here's to the Great American settlers, the millions of you who settled for unsatisfying jobs because they pay the bills and you just kind of fell into it and, you know, it's like, totally fine. Just another few decades or so and then you can enjoy yourself. Of course, there is something else you could do. If you got something to say, you could, oh, I don't know, start a podcast with spreaker. From iheart and unleash your creative freedom and spend all day researching and talking about stuff you love. And maybe even earn enough money to one day tell your irritating boss as you quit and walk off into the sunset. Hey, I'm no settler. I'm an explorer. Spreaker.com that's a SBREAKER hustle on over today. Hey everybody, welcome to it could happen here I am Robert Evans, and this is the show where we talk about how everything's kind of falling apart and how we might put it back together again in a way that works better than it did before, or do something different. That is even anyway, whatever. It's a show about the future and about the messed up present. And as a result of that, one of the things we talk about a lot is self-sufficiency. We've had a number of episodes kind of covering. The values of like replacing your lawn with food, gorilla gardening, that sort of stuff. And one of the critiques we get is people saying, well, you know, that's never going to work on a large scale. It's never gonna replace industrial agriculture or whatever, and that's perfectly true. But the the the point we're going for here and why we encourage these kind of resilience building activities is because they do improve the ability of communities to resist when they need to resist and also provide opportunities by which people can reimagine their relationship to, for example. Food supply chain or reimagine the relationship to their community and the kind of things that communities provide for each other rather than having them shipped in by Amazon. And when we start talking about that, when we start talking about improving Community resiliency for things like, you know, a general strike or even potentially more radical stuff, one of the big issues that any community has to confront is not just food, but medicine. I'm, I do. And I'm sure a lot of other people have friends who cannot survive without medications that are very. Like reliant upon existing supply chains and to some extent even the stability of the government, you know, getting your insulin, getting your medication for whatever kind of disease you have that that needs constant medication. There's a bunch of different reasons why people are reliant upon the medical supply lines and upon the kind of Pharmaceutical industry. And that's one of the big when we talk about building more resilient communities, one of the big hurdles to jump well today my guest is someone who is working. On bridging some of these problems, his name is Michael Lauffer and he is the founder of an organization called The Four Thieves Vinegar Collective. They are biohackers and they are working on cracking certain pharmaceutical medications to allow individuals with resources that are generally available to people who are not rich or pharmaceutical companies to produce life saving medications. The number one thing you would have heard of. From 4 thieves is the EPI pencil, which we'll talk about in a bit. But first, Michael, thank you for coming on the show. Thanks so much for having me. It's exciting to be able to chat and talk with. You and all the people surrounding you who are trying to just ****** things a little bit. Yeah. Yeah. And I I most of the conversation I want to have today is on the the ********* of things variety. But I I do think we should start with a little bit of technical talk first. Can you give people an idea of what kind of medications you and other people in the collective have figured out how to produce and what kind of resources and individual needs to be able to do some of this? Sure. So from a technical perspective, most of the things that we focus on are what's called small molecule chemistry and to kind of. Describe that blankly. If you can draw the molecule on a cocktail napkin, it probably qualifies as a small molecule. If it's one of these things that, like, you know, if you look at the diagram for the molecule, it's a protein. It's got big ribbons that are colored and stuff, that's a that's a biochem thing. And it's a whole different set of problems now. The. Mean? Foci that we've had have been surrounding access to abortion, access to HIV medications, access to hepatitis C medications and access to reversal of drug overdose medications. So that's been sort of our main focus, but there have been a handful of others. The things that we tend to look for are. Where are there things that? There's a great need and there's a huge barrier and so you see those in those places a lot because the the three main barriers that tend to pop up between somebody and access to the medication they need are either price. Or legality, or lack of infrastructure, and typically the weirdness that comes up. Mostly surrounds price because of intellectual property laws and. Marginalization of people who suffer from particular ailments or seem to suffer predominantly from particular ailments. And so if you're if you're poor and you're in a class of people that is seen as something not to be cared about because they're not a strong voter base, then the. Ability to move. Access away from those people and put in more barriers and raise prices becomes. Easier to defend. So the first drug that we focused on was. A anti. Parasitic. Toxoplasmosis is a parasite that's pretty innocuous for most people, anybody when you get from cats, right? Or is this not Gandhi? Yeah, it is. It is the one you get from cats. And it's really fascinating. Parasite, too, if you if you ever dig into the behavioral biology of it, it's really, really fascinating parasite. I probably have it. The cats, I definitely have it right. And so and so it's not a big deal for those people. But if you have a massively compromised immune system, especially with people with HIV or advanced stages of cancer, and that's why it was labeled as sort of a, you know, HIV drug, it's not, it's a, it's an antiparasitic, but it's used almost exclusively by people who are in advanced stages of cancer. People with fairly compromised immune systems from HIV or something else and then pregnant women and it's not that big deal though if you have access to the medication, you can merely take it and eradicates from Brody. The difference was, is that something that was a short course of treatment? You take, I think 4. Yeah, 4 doses the first time around. And then one dose each day subsequently for something like 10 days, and that's not a big deal when each dosage pill was about 13 and a half dollars. And then Martin Shkreli jacked up the price to $750 a pill. And so we're like, well, this is ridiculous. So that was the first one that we went after. Then of course, access to abortion drugs, that's a big one. That's pretty topical lately. We released a video, I don't know, maybe three months ago, on how you can make your own abortion pills without too much fuss. This would be mifepristone, right? Ohhh, mifepristone and misoprostol. So you can do it with just whisper song, or you can do it in combination, and when you do it with just the one with just me, so you have about an 85% chance of it working. And if you have both, bumps it up to about 95. And what is the like what when you're doing this and we'll talk a little bit about the hardware, but like what is the reagent that you have for this? Because I I know that's been a big part of some of the discussions is like how do you get the things you make the medicines from, which is easier for some than it is for others. Sure, there are a couple different ways that you can go about that. The, the interesting but more difficult way of course is to do the chemistry from scratch where like you say, you get access to reagents, you do some chemistry and you end up with. Indeed. Active pharmaceutical ingredient, which we lovingly referred to as the API. And then you package it somehow into a tablet or a pill or a or some other means of. Ingress into the body. The instructions that we distributed. Skip the difficult part because Misoprostal. Is an ulcer medication. And so, for instance, if you have access to Mexico or are in Mexico, it's kind of not a big deal because as an ulcer medication, it's over the counter and you can just go in and say, oh, you know, my grandmother can't get out of bed, she needs this ulcer medication. I I need just a little bit of it to get her through the weekend and then no problem, not so easy and. Places where it's a little more controlled like the US, however. One amazing trick when looking for. Medicines. Access to medicines that are generally blocked from people that the. Existing power structure tries to disenfranchise from access as you look and see if it's similar to use for other classes of. Person or being that the infrastructure does care about. So interestingly you look for ulcer medication you say, well, like who else has ulcers that? You know, people might think are important people. That doesn't really come up. And there are other ulcer medications that are a little bit better, however. There are a lot of really wealthy people in the United States and really wealthy people tend to keep horses. And horses, interestingly. 95% or something, or maybe more some ungodly percentage of. Domesticated horses have ulcers. You know why that is? I'm not entirely clear about, but. My own theory is that it has something to do with taking a gigantic wild animal and putting it into a very small box for most of its life. Yeah. It doesn't seem like the thing that horses evolved to do. Yeah. So. So that said, people who are horse owners typically have to treat them constantly for ulcers. And the best thing for that is Mr Burstall. And so you can get. Miss Crystal powder and a tub from places that. Yeah, feed store or something? Yeah, I go to a feed store every week. I'm sure I could buy a bucket of this ****. Probably. So it comes in tubs, and the other thing that's great about it coming in a tub is that it's already in with a buffer. Part of the thing about misoprostol is that the dosage is in micrograms, and that's very hard to weigh. Unless you have a really high precision scale, even you're good. Drug dealers generally don't have a scale that can do that, right? So, but the magic is is this is in a tub with a bunch of inert powder and it's it's already mixed up to be homogeneous. And So what you can do is you can do a little bit of back of the envelope arithmetic. And you can measure out much larger quantities and know how much active ingredient you have and then pack that into a tablet. Now. Yeah, I mean that makes so much sense. And is also like. Like the you have kind of the dark side and light side version. It's kind of the light side version of all of those people buying up ivermectin for nonsense. It's like, well, no, there's reasons to buy, you know, like livestock medication especially. I mean, I I have a lot of friends who took ******* fish antibiotics back in the day. And this is kind of a much more using it in a much more rigorous way to provide people with something that can is getting it. It will be getting increasingly difficult. Access in a lot of parts of the country, yeah. It's just a smart way of approaching it, I think. Yeah. And one of the things that becomes philosophically a bit sticky is when you end up talking about. The importance of. Independent management of 1's own health and decision making not coming from above. There's this difficult moment that I've had kind of having to cop to the reality that if you're building mechanisms to empower people to have access to make decisions about managing their own health. Part of that entails. Realizing that that will also lead to a lot of people making. What? I might think are bad decisions, but that the important thing is. That it doesn't matter what I think, that people should not be controlled by other people and if they make bad decisions, that sucks and hopefully we can help that, but not not lamenting the. Importance of or not, not backtracking, not having some sort of retrograde? Yeah, about offering more access. Even if people misuse that access to the Miss, manage their own health. Mismanagement of health happens no matter what, right? It happens constantly. And people will ignore things that seem like they're bigger problems and don't get them addressed. And so I have to sort of retreat into this idea that more access to more tools is better, and that's just the way of it. And yeah. Problem? Yeah. So, I mean, the problem with ivermectin isn't the problem. The problem is not that people have access to ivermectin. And so they're taking it in a way that is harmful to them. The problem is that people have been have had, have been blinded by disinformation and so are making a horrible healthcare decision. The the fact that they have access to veterinary medication is fine, right? Exactly. And and it's, and it's interesting that you say that because I have a friend at doctors Without Borders and they are starting a couple of pretty strong. Programs to try and combat misinformation because just from a. Metric standpoint. They look for sort of like, what's killing the greatest number of people at the greatest rate and the worst way, and currently the thing that's killing the most people in the worst way at the greatest rate is misinformation. And yeah, so yeah, that's really the great danger. And one of the things I found really interesting about kind of what you all have been doing, because obviously the question of how to fight the misinformation in the medical spheres, a much larger conversation without simple answers when it comes to a question like, oh, hey, this pharmaceutical company jacked up the price by what, 750% for this necessary medication for people, a lot of people who have HIV? What do we the solution to that is simple. You find a way for them to get it without paying hundreds and hundreds of dollars per dose. The question and some of the work you all have done. Is with very mass needed products like the thurstone, like the EPI pencil where there's large numbers of people who need it. But a lot of what I think one of the things I think is really cool is you are also working on hacking medications that are very niche, like very, very few people have this particular disease. And so the medication is, is the cost as much as a fully loaded Toyota Tacoma, you know in order to sometimes far worse than that because of the Orphan Drug Act that got passed. In the US, and equivalents that exist in other places, you have all of these. Allowances that are granted to people who invent. I put in air quotes because really they just purchased the rights to it. These these orphan drugs? Where? When you talk about controls, it's kind of the most tragic. Incidence of that entirely because what's happening is you've got somebody who has a very rare disease, and in many cases you have something that's the difference between somebody who just cannot function. And they're dealing with their life kind of moment to moment. They're they're mostly cared for. And if they have access to a particular medication, then they can go through life in a fairly normal sort of way where they they don't need to be in assisted living where they can do sort of basic things for themselves and that. That seems so much more predatory. I mean, it's important, of course, you know, to look at things with that macro lens as well and say what can what can do a lot of good for a lot of people, but. Then the sort of micro ethical lens needs to come out from time to time and say, alright, well here's something that. Only affects a few 100,000 people across the world, but these are people who could just go through life normally. If only they had access to a little bit of medicine. Yeah. And the only reason they don't is because of misplaced avarice or all all avarice is misplaced because of that price. Yeah. And you're you're you're providing individuals or a way for people to to help individuals who have this problem and who can't couldn't possibly afford this because they don't have health care or something away to deal with. These illnesses and and oftentimes, like even even people who are insured don't get the medication they need or don't get it at an affordable rate because it's not seen as critical. It's like, Oh well, there's a, there's a solution that's not as good, but it's much less expensive. So that's the only thing we're going to cover. And so, yeah, and you're saying, well, it should be your decision whether or not this is something you want to treat this way and and we're this is a way. If you, you know, have access or, this is a way for you to kind of, as you've been saying like take. Your health care and your ability to get medication into your own hands and produce the things that you need without needing to beg an insurance company or go fund me $85,000 or whatever. Those go fund me break my heart so much. Yeah, it's especially when people say, oh, look how great somebody got the money that they needed. And I say, look, I am happy that people back get healthcare, but this should be entirely unnecessary and the fact that this comes up. This is criminal. Yeah, we can, we can, as a species, produce this **** for less than the cost of like a lamp. You know? Like, why why don't, why isn't this available now? I and that's what I think is kind of so powerful about what y'all are doing. And is that? Don't. So often we kind of get stuck in this, like the horror of how bad Healthcare is, of how ****** ** the Pharmaceutical industry is, and then we get our relief from that. And these stories of people like crowdfunding so they can get their medication. And what you're saying is, well, what's actually much more inspiring than that is people just making, finding ways to make what they need. Again, kind of the most popular. Popular is the wrong word. The most press you all have received, I think, is for the EPI pencil, which is an EPI pen, is a device that you take. That is. Use when people are going into anaphylactic shock, which is when they have an allergic reaction that will kill them if untreated, generally. And it you inject it into your muscles or generally like an EPI pen does the injecting, you just kind of put it in place and it it is a life saving medication. When people need it. It's the choice between that and death and they are very expensive. There is a company that owns the patent because of how the EPI pen actually does the injecting. The actual medicine is very cheap and very easy to make, but. It's unbelievably expensive and people die as a result of lack, lack of access and you've provided a way using both kind of this thing called a bio lab that people you've developed plans that people can build it for themselves in order to make this and also using a 3D printer you can make an EPI pencil, which is a little less kind of a more analog version I think. I guess you'd say no, it's it's it's equivalent, it's equivalent, it works the same way. The things that are different about it that. Are critical. The first one that you mentioned, of course, is that you can, you can build it for a little over $30.00 US and you can reload it for about $3, unlike the EPI pen, which is a, I think it's about 650 fifty dollars for yeah, and that might be for a pair, but Even so. From. But the other two critical differences are that. Epipens are single use. So you can't test whether it's faulty or not until you use it. Yeah, and there have been a lot of failures. In fact, there was a big EpiPen recall a bunch of years ago, and there were just these tragic, tragic stories. Some guy had to watch his little kid die. He had had a pair of Epipens. The kid went into shock. He uses the thing failed. He brought the other one, the other one failed and they're in the air and you can't land in 15 minutes and the little kid died. It's just, and I'm sure there are dozens of dozens of stories like that. That just happens to be one of the ones I know. So one of the things that's great about the EPI pencil is because you're putting it together yourself and only takes 4 parts, you can test it. You can make sure that it works as many times as you need to. You can drive running with saline and just double check that it does what it's supposed to. And so it's safer. So the fact that it's, you can control it yourself, you can reload it and you can test it, all these things fix a lot of these immediate problems that come with and it still has the benefit that everybody wants from the EPI pen, which is that it doesn't require, you know, measurement or like. Knowing how deep to press the needle before you depress the plunger, all that happens automatically, and it happens very quickly. And yeah, we, as you say, we got a lot of press for that because of essentially a good timing. We released at the same time that Heather Brash was lying to Congress about why they had raised the price on the EPI pens. And so it was in the public eye. Yeah, and. And that's. That's a huge one, being able to produce that because that is, I mean there's a tremendous number of people who rely on EPI pens and and I think the potential of that project is, is staggering. And there's some, there's some, you know, when we talk about kind of the different people who are, who are working on similar problems to you, there's also a group of people who are working on cracking insulin, being able to produce insulin. Project is an amazing group of people. They're incredibly important. Yeah, they're yeah, they're working on. Hmm. Probably the largest scale public health crisis. I mean, in terms of queries that we get, I think we get people asking about insulin more than anything else. And I always say, Oh yeah, they're very, very bright people who already work around this go talk to the open insulin and and they're just amazing. I I I want to move on because I wanna talk about kind of the more philosophical dimensions of some of this. But before we get into that I I'd like to so like, you know one of the things you and I have been talking about a little bit behind the scenes is I am not a technically savvy person, but I'm I want to try and I'd like to be able to like produce an EPI pencil. I want to like understand this it kind of and and potentially be able to contribute in a more direct sense in part because I'm curious like how how doable? Actually, is this for I consider myself a pretty normal person when it comes to like technical understanding, right? Like, I'm reasonably handy, but I'm not, I'm not a chemist, I'm not a, I'm not a a I haven't really. I have, no, I have no prior experience 3D printing or anything like that. What is, what is required in terms of financial investment and and what is kind of your general estimate in terms of time to get? Up to, you know, a kind of a the level where you can Start learning how to do some of this stuff. I think the barrier to entry is pretty low, depending on how you want to start. As I said, there are different avenues to doing it. You can of course one of the one of the greatest hacks. If if anybody listening this doesn't pick up anything else, here's the best hack in terms of getting access to medication. You have a medication you don't have access to for whatever reason, assuming it comes in a capsule form. You can merely go to a chemical supplier, purchase the active pharmaceutical ingredient, weight out, put it into a capsule, and you've made your medication. That's very simple thing, you know, that takes nothing more than being able to read a scale and scooping powder into little, you know, capsules. The next step up, there are things that you can do. There a little more involved if you want to build an EPI pencil. Again, this is 3 or 4 parts, depending on how you count, you take. A needle from one syringe. Needle set on you put it on to a different syringe needle set, and then you put it into this auto injector that's designed for neophobic diabetics. You load it with the epinephrine and you close it up and you're done. Then, if you want to step into this a little bit further, if something is so barriered for whatever reason that you can't get the actual ingredient. Then you might start messing around with our micro lab. The micro lab I would say probably takes around $100 US to build it. But it's not super technical. Our latest version doesn't require any soldering. Everything snaps together, which is really nice. You can plug everything in, all the wires are just screw terminals, which is really convenient. And it takes some time and. You do have to load some code. But we're looking to release a a new set of documentation in the summer that'll be very, very stripped down of here's your bill of materials you can order all of this stuff. Here's how you can put the disk image onto the SD card that you put in and you should start it and it'll wake up and work independently. We had a video of our head hardware guy actually building the micro lab from just parts that were sitting on way down on a table, and I think all told it took him about 45 minutes. Oh, wow. Maybe a little bit longer. But again, like, granted, this guy's a hardware specialist and he, you know, designed it. So for somebody who's not done before, it might take an afternoon, but it's not. It's not a prohibitively long or involved project that, you know, would take you weeks to put together or any specialized understanding of. You know, biomedical engineering or anything like that. Now, I kind of want to move at this point because I think that gives people an idea of what's actually necessary. And they can go to Yale's website or look up you have plans on a GitHub if they want to kind of look at what's what's involved. And it's some of it seems a little daunting to me, like look looking at the construction of the bio lab that I'm that that's going to be a project that I'll be engaging in over the next couple of weeks. So we'll keep people updated on how I do there. I want to move on to talk, Michael, about what you see as kind of the, I don't know, the. The the potential from kind of a revolutionary perspective, from a perspective of actually building dual power of this project and obviously you are. And I think what would would be called the early stages of this idea of kind of democratizing and decentralizing the production of life saving medications. Although I guess you could argue in some ways it's kind of a return to more traditional attitudes about health care in a lot of ways. Yeah, there's a cyclic nature there, and in the sort of Zen mind beginners mind, we'd like to think that revolution is always in its beginning stages, right? That to say over the past decade, roughly looking at. Trying to find ways to. Give people more independent access that doesn't require infrastructure to medicines and medical technologies. The. The hope really. Is. To create a certain amount of. Cultural shift. I remember at one point a a friend of mine who as a Business School graduate asked me a very sort of like Business School type question where he said. How would you measure success of your project? And I said, well, we cease to exist as an organization. And he kind of had this moment of like, what do you mean? We shouldn't be pushing this right. The idea is that eventually the concept of managing your own health is. Sufficiently normalized that it's not something that has to be explained between people, but somebody says, Oh yeah, I just. I just did that up in my micro lab. In the same way that when you look at the shifts that happened between, oh, you know, the the mid. 80s in the mid 90s where. Computers were this strange, scary thing that was, you know, we're only accessible or usable by people who were very specialized to something that, you know, everybody knew about and everybody kind of had and everybody sort of use and the same sort of thing that happened between the period of time. I don't know, maybe 10-12 years ago and and now with the. With 3D printing, where like stereo lithography and rapid prototyping was again the specialized thing that a bunch of people who were essentially on the machine tool industry had started to spearhead, and now you say 3D printing, everybody knows what it means in the same sort of way. I very much like to see a cultural shift where. When? Somebody is unwell. That when discussions between people happened that instead of the have you had that looked at or? You might instead hear from somebody saying, well. Have you read up on that? You know, to see people actually engaged in their own health and not? Going through this very typical process of outsourcing responsibility. Now, that's not to say that, like, experts aren't good people with whom to consult, right? Yeah, we're not talking about replacing the idea of medical professionals who who can help you understand what your health and diagnose and stuff like. Yeah, well, there is, again this drastic difference between going to a doctor and essentially just like throwing the problem on their desk and saying fix it. Call me when it's over. Versus going to a doctor and saying, hey, I'd like to talk about this, I I'd like to know more about what's wrong here, and I'd like to. Discuss what the options are and what seems best. That would be great on a lot of levels. And and then these questions of access to medication then become even more relevant because when you're talking with a doctor and the doctor says, OK, well, we could try this therapy, but your insurance won't pay for it. It's $300,000, you can say, all right, well, let's just do a little thought experiment. And if that fell from a truck, what would I do with it? And then maybe you can go home and say. You know, I'll call you and let you know how it goes. I I that's that's really my my grant hope. And there are so many different ways that can play out. In fact, I'll tell you a hilarious story in regards to this, which was in in 2016. I guess it was when we presented it hope I called Martin Shkreli cell phone from stage to try and ask him what he thought of about what we were doing, given that I was handing his drug out for free. And showing people how to make it. And he didn't answer the phone when I called him them, but he called me back a few hours later. Which was really hilarious. We actually chatted for a while. And the guys, I mean, little detached from reality, but he's he's he's no dummy. And when I sort of described what we were trying to do with the micro lab he had. Some interesting insights. And he said, yeah, you know, one way I can imagine that working really well is if somebody. With a little more knowledge of pharmaceutical medicine. Were to maybe build one of these and serve a small community, I think that could be very efficient and I was like. That's a good thought, you chiseling *******. Yeah, I mean that there's a degree to which that's that's kind of how I see the most realistic potential. This is not every individual making all their medicine, but kind of like, you know, we had during the fires last year when when our local and state governments during the heat wave this year, like, completely shat the bed. We had different mutual aid collectives do things like we are providing people with like, oh, it's a Blizzard. We're providing people with firewood. We are providing people with cooling stations. Because of the heat, you know, we are providing people with, they've just fled their houses. We have kits that have food and basic necessities so they can get through mutual aid collectives that are like, well, we are making, we specialize and we can produce this and this and this medication like these three and we have. And here's the information you can find online about our process. So you know that we know what we're doing. And if you need these things, you let us know when we we get them to you. And here's different ways in which people can volunteer if you want to help engage in this mutual aid process, even if you're not someone who's going to be doing a lot of the technical stuff we need. People to go pick up parts. So we need people to do this. And you can help us here or, you know, I see a lot of potential. And I think. Yeah. Yeah. And I think in a similar way. Right. A lot of that sort of thing is already happening in other realms, right, where it's the sort of thing where you might be building something or you, you see some project on GitHub or whatever, and some there are these STL files and you go, oh gosh. Well, I don't know how to do that, but. Oh, right, XYZ down the street has a 3D printer. I'll go ask her. She's really good at making these things. And you say, hey, look, I have this thing. Would this be difficult to print? And with their experience, they kind of look at it and be like, Oh no, that that shouldn't be too hard. You know, I I have some time this weekend. Maybe I can make that for you. And in the same way, if you say, hey, it looks like I I seem to have this rare infection from whatever, whatever, or I have this odd condition. I wanted to try this medication because it might be really helpful, but it's not legal in this country. Do you think you can put this together again? You know, you call somebody and whoever is on the other line says, Oh yeah, I I have a micro lab. Like I can try and put a program together for that and see if I can make it for you. That sort of thing I think is. A potentially really positive Ave for that sort of thing to proliferate and again eventually to have a cultural shift where. The idea of. Medicine and medical technology not being something that is comes down from above, from some authority, but instead is something that's managed by people who are part of your community who you already trust. I mean, that's why going to a doctor is so scary. They seem to be the arbiter of your fate and they're going to tell you whether you're well or not. And and that is just the truth and. Much better to have it where people are making up their own mind based on learning about their own health and consulting with people who can give them perspective. And if there's more of that, and if it's closer to the person who's actually suffering, that I think would be, on the whole much better. Yeah, it's this the. And this gets tangled up in a lot of the more toxic things we've seen this year, but it's this, this understanding. That. With any given problem, if individuals trying to solve that problem have more autonomy, and part of autonomy is knowledge, that's nearly always better. The problem, of course, is that like we we get into this situation we are now, where some people take, I'm taking some people, some people use, I want to take control of my healthcare to, you know, do stuff that's nonsense. And and that brings us back to the question of like, yeah, you in for the quality of the information that you're getting. It's very important, right. Because if if you're, if you if the your research is some YouTube video that has convinced you that you need to, you know, take this this horse paste or something, then yeah, that's not good. But that doesn't change the fact that like with food, like with with everything that you need to survive. The more of a role you have in understanding that, deciding what to do with that, understanding where it comes from and how it is produced, not just like not only is that I think. Satisfying as a human, but it's it's also. Critical to to. Your well-being, it's critical to like on 2 levels, right? Yeah, on 2 levels, because not only. When your health is taken from you. It doesn't deprive you of life, but it deprives you participating in any of the acts that make. Life meaningful? Yeah. And part of that key thing that makes life meaningful is having. A participatory role in the things that decide the trajectory of your life. And so when you go to the lengths of managing your own health, two things happen. First off, your health improves, assuming you've made good decisions and get lucky. But second, you're also having a participatory role in your life, and that makes life more meaningful. And it beyond just kind of the self actualization benefits from from a perspective of actually enabling people to participate in the move for radical change in our society. One necessary element of that to any of the kind of things that we need is a belief in your own agency and power and also an A freedom from the kind of fear that comes from feeling helpless. And there is, I think probably no feeling worse than the. World than feeling completely helpless about a treatable medical problem. I mean, it's one thing. I just went there. My mom, when you get a disease where there's just nothing that science can do, right? We're like this. Yeah, you've got this cancer, and there, there ain't **** anybody has for you. You know? That's one kind of horrible, but. I think it's a lot less terrible than you. I I have this thing that we can deal with, but I either can't afford it or I don't know that I'll be able to afford it. I had a horrible, I lost my job and my healthcare in 2017, and so did a person who was on my healthcare with me that I love very much. And I got this, you know, hired here in healthcare a couple of years later and it happened that a month before. The the I started my health care at this new job. This person who was on my health care with me got diagnosed with a brain tumor, and thankfully not a cancerous one, but one that they had to take medication for that would have been. Would have bankrupted us, you know, without the, without insurance. And thankfully it worked out fine. The timing worked out OK. But there's not a week that goes by that I don't. And it it it's it's it is something that makes you less willing to take risks, less willing to participate in in things that because you have in the back of your head. Well, I have to. I have to keep this job. I have to keep this insurance. I have to. Yes. Yeah. That that's another thing that I find so heartbreaking. There's so many people that I've, I've met totally outside of my activism who lament about working a job that they hate. And I say, gosh, well, you know, I mean. You consider just bailing on it and looking for something else and trying something else and and they have this total paralysis. Of saying. What? If I quit my job, I won't have healthcare. Umm. And and and mind you like. These were people who were incredibly healthy. These were not. People who had any regular visits to Healthcare. They're just scared that if something comes up, they won't be able to handle it and it's it's a perfectly well grounded fear. But as you point out what this does is it works as this sort of shadow oppressive mechanism to keep people from. Exploring, trying things, as you say, taking risks or or just doing things that don't involve a. An optimization toward a stable state of maybe just like, yeah, maybe I'll start a small business and yeah, it probably will fail, but that will be a cool adventure. And most people, you know, so many people, maybe not most, but many, many people. Get. Just terrified into this state of inertial paralysis, yeah. And it contributes to people being afraid to take to the street to protest the police because maybe they get arrested and maybe they get fired and then, you know, maybe their kid can't afford their like there's 1000 ways. I think honestly, the fear of losing your Healthcare is in some ways as great a greater counter revolutionary force than any law enforcement agency could hope to be because the fear is so much more immediate to so many people. Nobody talks about that. And thank you so much for mentioning it because it's something that, like, oftentimes I try to bring up when I'm discussing things in public for it. And and oftentimes people kind of raise an eyebrow at me and be like, what's, what's the big deal? And I'm like, no, no, like if you look 2 layers deep, there's something that's really working against people being able to exercise protests. And it's it's it's it's this really silent, terrifying force that seems to underlie everything. And if you could alleviate that, if it could get to the point where people are like, yeah, the hell with it, you know, I don't. I don't need a job to take care of me. Then all of a sudden, so many possibilities just blossom in the mind. Yeah, if you have like, say, if you're a parent who has a child with you know who who's insulin dependent. There's not a lot of difference in my mind between the fact that between someone holding a gun to your head and your boss being able to fire you and take away your your kids access to that insulin. There's not a tremendous moral difference to me. There's the individual boxes. I'd say getting a gun to your head is actually more likely to survive that. You know, it's a lot safer. It's less inevitable. You could talk your way out of that. And yeah, I mean, whatever, but there are any number of things that might go wrong there. But if somebody take. Takes away your insulin. That's the end of the story. Yeah. I I guess the more salient point than the comparison is just they're both acts of violence and in every way that's meaningful, I think they're both acts of violence. And one way that when I real against intellectual property as a concept and intellectual property law, the example that I give is, I say, if somebody were dying and you knew how to save them, would you ever? Not tell them how and just want them die. Say Oh no, that idea belongs to me and I'm not going to share unless you pay me. Like no human being that I think I've ever heard of would do that. And yet this happens every day. Because we've sort of carried these questions of copyright into patent and despite the fact that there are hundreds of years old, not applicable anymore, assuming they were ever applicable and people just die because people say, Oh well, we can make more money if we do it this way, there's a fascinating. Thing going on there when you when you really drill into that idea because I suspect there are a lot of people who have who are are are integral in propping up this system both of kind of medical intellectual property and of just like the Pharmaceutical industry, the way that it works. People in politics, huge numbers of people who are integral in some facet of keeping that going who also were they to see an individual in immediate medical distress would never think of like try getting their debit card number or whatever like asking them. Without thinking attempt, because that's what people do. And it's, I mean, this is where we get into kind of some of these more philosophical anarchist ideas about what hierarchy does and what these structures do, because structures enable people to participate in evil that they never would as an individual. Yeah, there's this easy route that that many easy routes that pop up that. Allow people or force, I should say force people to be displaced from their humanity in that sort of way. Where, yes, of course you you help somebody up off of subway tracks if they've fallen. Yes, of course. If somebody were drowning, you dragged them out and save them. And and yet just because it's a degree removed and it's mediated by an agency, suddenly it's so easy to forget and ignore and be. Sort of complicit in. Yeah, and I I just to go back around to what 4 thieves is doing and what y'all are doing. It's one of the few projects going on right now that fits what my idealistic 19 year old brain thought the Internet would be 1615. Like when I when it was when things were newer and a little less like, oh, this is like one of these days, well this kind of ****** going to happen. And that is, I think, that's that's not without value from again, a revolutionary perspective, the fact that it is pretty rad, you know. Well, I mean, I I will not deny the fact that it feels good, you know, there, I think that. I think that we all grew up with that, sort of. Hope and belief that we were going to open these new doors and there were going to be these new possibilities and things that we have been reading about in science fiction. We're going to become real. And and there's, there's a great satisfaction in not just witnessing your childhood dreams become realities, but actually, you know, having a hand in it. It's there's there's something quite satisfying about that. I will, I will admit. Well, I think that's a pretty good point to closeout on today. I don't need to take up too much more of your time right now, Michael, but but as I I told people I'm going to be, I'm going to be trying to get into some of this because I find it just both fascinating and incredibly hopeful in a world where it seems like. There are constantly forces conspiring to strip people of their ability to take control of critical aspects of their lives. You and your your colleagues in this are trying to give people. Opportunities to take some some power back for themselves and I I just think that's I think it's pretty dope. Thank you so much. Yeah. And see your listeners, if there are people out there who like what we're doing, you want to support the project? Please go find somebody who needs your help but doesn't deserve it, and then go help them anyway. Yeah, yeah, that's always a good thing to do. Michael, anything else any like uh, thing else you want to kind of put? This is normally the section where people plug websites or projects or anything. You've got anything in particular you want to throw out there right now? Uh, sure, we're we're hoping to do a bunch of big releases in the summer, so look for those in the meantime. We're always looking for help, so if you're out there and you'd like to be assisted in the project, please get in touch. There's the contact US page on the website. And by the way, this do not have to be a technical person we're looking for currently, we're looking for writers. We have a lot of documentation that we need to do. So if you're out there and you have, you know, background in in. Language, then that would be great. If if you're somebody who feels that you're entirely without skills, please get in touch. We have any number of endless small tasks that just need to be taken care of because we don't have enough people, so if you'd like to participate, we'd love to have you. Please get in touch. And in the meantime, keep each other healthy. Keep each other safe. Much Michael. Thanks so much for having me. Hey, we'll be back Monday with more episodes every week from now until the heat death of the universe. It could happen here as a production of cool zone media. For more podcasts from Cool Zone Media, visit our website coolzonemedia.com, or check us out on the iHeartRadio app, Apple Podcasts, or wherever you listen to podcasts you can find sources for. It could happen here, updated monthly at coolzonemedia.com/sources. Thanks for listening. Conquer your New Year's resolutions with the Before Breakfast podcast and each bite sized daily episode. You'll learn how to make the most of your time with practical tools to help you feel less busy and get more done. Listen to before breakfast on the iHeartRadio app or wherever you get your podcasts. Look for your children's eyes and you will discover the true magic of a forest. For you and start exploring at discovertheforest.org. Brought to you by the United States Forest Service and the Ad Council, the black effect presents features honest conversations and exclusive interviews, a space for artists, everyday people, and listeners to amplify, elevate, and empower black voices with great conversations. Make sure to listen to the black Affect presents podcast on iHeartRadio, Apple Podcasts, or wherever you get your podcast. Hello, I'm Erica Kelly from the podcast Southern Fried True crime, and if you want to go from podcast fan to podcast host, do what I did and check out spreaker from iheart. I was working in accounting and hating it. Then after just 18 months of podcasting with Spreaker, I was able to quit my day job. Follow your podcasting dreams, let's break her handle the hosting, creation, distribution, and monetization of your podcast. Go to spreaker.com. That's SPREAKE. Or.com. If you could completely remove one phrase from your vocabulary, which phrase would you choose? I don't know. Correct answer. No, I meant I don't know which phrase, and the best way to banish I don't know from your life is by cramming your brain full of stuff you should know. Join your host, Josh and Chuck on the Super Popular podcast packed with fascinating discussions on science, history, pop culture and more episodes that ask, was the lost city of Atlantis Real? I don't know. Is birth order important? I don't know. How does pizza work? Well, I do know. Bit about that. See? You can know even more, because stuff you should know has over 1500 immensely interesting episodes for your brain to feast on. So what do you say? I don't want to miss the stuff you should know. Podcast you're learning already. Listen to stuff you should know on the iHeartRadio app, Apple Podcasts, or wherever you get your podcasts. Hey there, it's Ebony Monet, your co-host for the San Diego Zoo's Amazing Wildlife podcast. In this special episode we're speaking. With Doctor Jane Goodall about the fascinating journey that led to her impactful behavioral discoveries on chimpanzees, it wasn't until one of the chimpanzees began to lose his fear of me, but I began to really make discoveries that actually shook the scientific world. Listen to amazing wildlife on the iHeartRadio app or wherever you get your podcasts.