All-In with Chamath, Jason, Sacks & Friedberg

Industry veterans, degenerate gamblers & besties Chamath Palihapitiya, Jason Calacanis, David Sacks & David Friedberg cover all things economic, tech, political, social & poker.

E67: Revisiting Rogan, Canadian truckers' protest, fusion breakthrough, $MSFT's savvy move & more

E67: Revisiting Rogan, Canadian truckers' protest, fusion breakthrough, $MSFT's savvy move & more

Sat, 12 Feb 2022 06:27

0:00 Bestie Intro: Phil Hellmuth found a new billionaire

1:30 Chamath's new camera positioning

3:58 Revisiting the Joe Rogan/Spotify situation, racism claims, and the video controversy

30:04 Canadian truckers' "Freedom Convoy": root causes, impact, what is this turning into?

45:00 Nuclear fusion breakthrough: Friedberg shares thoughts and theories on what this could mean for the future of energy and life on Earth

54:15 Contrarian energy trade, Chamath's Big Tech play morphing into a long-term investment

1:01:01 Microsoft's savvy "burn it down" app store strategy, US income not keeping up with inflation, consumer sentiment getting worse, opening up and getting back to normal

1:15:57 CIA allegedly used an executive order from 1981 to execute warrantless surveillance on American citizens, DHS domestic terrorism infrastructure

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We had a nice dinner, chamath hosted a little and we played a little bit of the cards and there's this new kid there. Well, big shout out to. Cofounder of is there. How do you wind up here at the game, sitting here, you know, having a beautiful dinner with us? And he's like, well, and then chamath goes. And he points to mute. Helmuth found a billionaire. When Hellmuth finds a billionaire, what happens? He's tied to the hip. He has like a billionaire. He's a billionaire Wrangler. Helmuth is like one of those truffle dogs in like, you know Alba in Italy, you know, you send them out into the woods. He forges around. He finds. He finds a truffle. Just digs it out. And that's it. It's like. And then he follows like a dog he follows, his tail wagging, tail wagging. Yeah, waiting for his owner to show up and pick this little billionaire off the ground. Here's another one. Look, daddy. See? Found another billionaire. Help me with Helmuth is the most insecure person. But he's such a beautiful human being. I mean, it's great human. It's like, it's like the tale of two people. He's he really is a walking case of schizophrenia and narcissism. Just, I mean, that's jamad saying that. Let your winners ride. Man David. We open sources to the fans and they've just gone crazy. Queen. Hey everybody. Hey everybody, welcome to another episode of the All In podcast with us again, the new chairman and majority shareholder of Lora Piana, Chamath Palihapitiya and the Viceroy of Veganism. Do you like my thin cashmere gilet that I'm wearing your way? I mean polo. No. Gile. Gile, OK, many feet. Also with us, the Viceroy of Veganism. The Sultan of science. David Friedberg and the Regent of the right wing. David Sacks, the viceroy of vegans. Wow. Viceroy of vegans. It came to me in the shower today. I was like, you know, he needs a new one. I switched my background. Guys. Do you like it? I just flipped the camera to look the other way just to mix it up a little. Now we can see your chef picking the vegetables in your garden. Well, yeah. Well, before you used to see him pick the herbs. Yeah, the herbs are on this side, but now he's. Yeah. You can see a picture of veggies. Yeah, yeah, yeah. There's a sous chef. OK. There's the prep chef and there's that chef. OK. Yes. Everybody showed up today. OK, great. You know, you seem to enjoy the food, Jason. Every time you come, you talk **** but you are always eating. When you're at my house, you're always eating. Who's the first RSVP after Phil? He's eating. He's sending his notes to the kitchen. Could you just do this a little differently? I do give notes. I do. I do. Usually positive ones, like 3 out of four are positive notes. You know, when I flew with chamath a few weeks ago, the chef made gluten free Nutella crepes with homemade Nutella. I mean, it was, like, the most. Extraordinary breakfast experience that Nutella has no sugar. It's incredible. It's basically all protein fat and it's sweetened with monk flour sugar. So delicious that they also kill some albino seals. Have not brought a chef on a on the plane with me. But I think in fairness, your plane is bigger than big. Yeah. I mean, you've got a small plane kitchen. Yeah. So you gotta, you gotta mean I don't know if a Cessna 142 can finish it. I'm feeling plain shamed you are. I just got to Business Select on Southwest, so I'm really feeling pretty good about myself right now. Alright, everybody, let's get started. A lot of topics people want to talk about. Do you want to start with Rogan or the Canadian truckers? I think Rogan probably leads into the truckers. No, it might in fact lead into the truckers. OK, so we covered Rogan and Spotify in episode 66 a whole bunch. Since that time a video surfaced on Saturday with Joe Rogan repeatedly saying. A doctor? Well, the N word, and it's pretty rough to watch. And he did a. Mia Copa, an apology and overall now Spotify has taken down 70 episodes of his podcast. You know, that's out of. Over 1000 it was like 113. That's the, that's the, that's what I saw on Twitter. There's 113 to maybe 70 had the N word, but 113 correct. I I stand corrected. 110 have been taken down. I was texting with socks. It's like, it's like almost 6% of all of his episodes they took down. Yeah, something like that, yeah. But not not all of them were because of that line. No, that's what I'm saying. But 6% were taken down, 6% taken down. In his apology he said obviously he was wrong to use that word for the decade or so, but he pointed out that he did not. Use it towards a person as a slur, but was talking about it more in studying or discussing the verses mentioned. Is that right? Is that the distinction versus quoting? Yeah. So he said it was taken out of context. Apologized. He also made a. Joke that he immediately said. Oh my God, that's pretty racist. I shouldn't have told that joke where he compared going to see Planet of the Apes in an all black theater in Philly saying he was in Africa. On Sunday, Daniel sent a memo to Spotify employees claiming he is not the publisher of the Joe Rogan Show. Something I completely dispute. We'll talk about that in a moment's thoughts on the latest brouhaha. And do we think that Spotify will be able to handle? This what's seeming it seems to have died down over the last couple of days, and Rogan is now joking about it in his comedy. You know, engagements at small comedy clubs. What do you think? Sex? Is Joe Rogan gonna weather the storm? Is Spotify gonna stick with him? Well, OK, so as of the last episode of the All and pod, they were trying to cancel Rogan for misinformation and for the reasons we discussed, that basically failed because you know, so many of the times something starts with misinformation eventually becomes the truth. Rogan seemed like a guy who actually just wants to present both sides, present a balanced viewpoint. In any event, that whole attempt to cancel and based on misinformation was fizzling out. And then, lo and behold, this 22 second clip comes out. And they escalate the charges to racism. If you kind of look at. You know who's behind this clip? It's pretty clear that it was a democratic super PAC. Put this together and sort of astroturfed it as a viral video. This is part of an organized attempt to cancel Rogan. Now, as to the merits of the the sort of racism accusation against him. I mean, look, let me say that I don't think anybody, especially a public figure, should be using this kind of language, you know, in this day and age, even if you're just sort of. Quoting something or or mentioning it. You know, he he should have. He shouldn't. He should have known better. However, there are also similar clips that are now circulating of Joe Biden doing the same thing, using this type of, like, incredibly incendiary language in like a brazen, almost offhanded way. You've got clips of Howard Stern. Wait, you're saying brazen? And he said it exactly the same way as the cavalier way. He's he's, but let me come back. So you have, you have Biden doing it, you've got Howard Stern doing it. So what is the difference? And the the reality here is that we used to in our culture, have a distinction between the use of this type of language as an epithet, which was never OK. Or using it. You were referencing it. You might have been quoting it. You might have been quoting a rap song. You might have been quoting a Dave Chappelle routine. You might be reading from a book. That you're my been telling a story in which somebody else has said it and you're merely trying to relay what happened. The rules today are that's not an excuse. You can't say it. But the truth is that 10 years ago, 20 years ago, the rules were a little different. That's why Biden said it. That's why Howard Stern has these episodes, and I think it's why Rogan had said it. And I think it's a little bit disingenuous for people to now try and apply the new rules to this old language, and they're doing it very selectively. Because they're not trying to cancel these other people who said these things under the old rules, they're trying to cancel Rogen. So I think what you're seeing here is selective cancellation, outrage, selective application of these new language rules for the purpose of getting Rogan cancelled. Why? For the same reasons we were talking about two weeks ago or last week, which is he's an outsider, he's an independent voice, he bucks the establishment. He doesn't present the Orthodox view on COVID. And that's frankly why they want to cancel him. Freeberg. I'm just looking at the Howard Stern quote. So in 1993, Howard Stern dressed in blackface and used the N word in a skit he did, mimicking Ted Danson, talking about Whoopi Goldberg some something. And he said, I'll be the first to admit I won't go back and watch those old shows. It's like, who is that guy? But that was my stick. It's what I did and I own it. I don't think I got embraced by Nazi groups and hate groups. They seem to think I was against them, too. So I think, you know, Sachs is probably right. I mean Howard Stern is a very different character today. You know, I think the question of if Howard Stern acted that way today would cancel culture kind of mob and the answer is probably yes. But I think it's because, you know, Rogan is out here probably picking a bone with everyone. You know, he's kind of. There's, there's, there's there's no alignment. There's no. There's no tribal behavior with Rogan, right? He doesn't he. He's been pretty public about being very liberal. He's been very public about being conservative in some ways. And I don't think he kind of aligns himself strongly with anyone. And so he is a threat to everyone. He's got a huge following and, you know, he speaks openly and honestly in a way that that is threatening. Certainly his behavior was inexcusable and has been inexcusable, but there are others, right? And so it's it's it's an important question, which is why him? Why now? It's also interesting with that Ted Danson, he was dating Whoopi Goldberg. At the time, I believe and Ted Danson was there was a roast of Whoopi Goldberg at the Friars Club and Ted Danson dressed in blackface. I think. Which will be Goldberg was in our Ted Danson dressed in didn't Howard dressed and then Howard did a send up of that anyway the the point is the more the the the standard has changed significantly less like chamath chime in my book of the year last year was this book wanting by this author Luke Burgess he wrote something on sub stack I'll I'll send you guys a link you can put it in here but he said he said the following he said as we regress to a superstitious. Quasi Pagan world of witch burning civil discourse will be replaced with superstition and scapegoating. And he was talking about Rogan. I think that the the thing that I was the most proud of in this whole thing was Daniel Eck. I mean, disclosure, he's a friend of mine, so maybe this is biased. However. I think that Spotify had business principles and this was similar to what Brian Armstrong did at Coinbase. I think they stuck to those principles. They made a well reasoned decision that they explained to their employees and shareholders. And then they did the most important thing that Sachs has always been saying around free speech, which was which is more speech. And So what Spotify said when they explained the decision to not deep platform Joe Rogan was that they would take the exact equivalent economic value of what they were paying them him $100 million. And invested in underrepresented, historically underrepresented groups to tell their stories to tell, you know, to make their music, et cetera. And so effectively doubling, you know, the universe of that kind of content. And so I think if the if people are really willing to listen. I think what we should take away from this is here's a really clear eyed example of the solution to free speech, which is just to get more of it on your platform to have the right disclosures and disclaimers. And then for you know people to go along with their lives so that they can then choose and I think that that's that was the, that was the one positive outcome that that I saw from this entire episode. The rest of it was. Another attempt at, you know, being morally absolutist and. You know, scapegoating. And then the that was before, obviously the the N word thing and then the N word thing just brought to light that we live in a very different age where the rules have changed. And I think the open question is, you know, if you're going to judge people for past behaviors on current rules. Are we allowed to do it selectively or does it apply to everybody? And I and I think that, you know, This is why I think, you know, we saw people like David Simon, you know, came out and David Simon was very. You know, basically excoriated Joe Rogan. But then David Simon wrote the wire, you know, and if you, if you watch the wire, which is, you know, an incredible piece of television that people point to all the time is one of probably the greatest shows on television, you know, every probably, you know, 13th or 14th word was the N word. Yeah. I have like 2 observations here. And then I'll get to you, sacks, and you have some you want to chime in on. I I always like to think about intent and then I like to look at the apology and think is this like sincere or not and when you look at the intent. Does anybody actually think Joe Rogan is a racist? And I think it's pretty clear he's not, from all of the behavior collectively in his life. And then you look at the apology, I thought I felt it was incredibly sincere and there were many learning moments in it. And he's a comedian, which is kind of this other space where we we ask comedians to make us laugh and make us feel uncomfortable. And now we're also asking them to live by a standard that changes every year and and words come on and off the allowable list. Would anybody here does anybody here actually think or anybody listening to me think Joe Rogan is actually racist? I think the answer is I don't think anybody thinks that. And then #2I, I felt the apology was incredibly thoughtful and well done. Sax, what are your thoughts? Yeah, I mean, I agree. I agree with those things. Nobody was accusing Joe Rogan of racism until the cancellation mob started throwing stones and the misinformation stones didn't work. So then they escalated to racism. I think the generalized thing is just. They take the context out of Rogan for a second. I think that the the formula, if I can point to this, of cancel culture is now, I think pretty well understood. Which is if you don't like somebody. You need to throw some ISM label on them until that ISM label sticks. And eventually you will find it ISM label but the the thing that this cancel culture doesn't appreciate is everybody has some ISM. That that can be attached to them. Yeah. Now, some isms are worse than others, obviously, but, you know, we're all. Infallible, right? I go back to like, if you want to quote the Bible, right, there's a there's a beautiful passage into the Bible, the book of John and the whole thing. And you guys have heard this quote many times before, but let me just give you the setup. So in the law of the land back then, adultery was illegal, but only for the woman. Right. And so there's a very famous example of a woman who is accused of adultery and, you know, she was about to be stoned to death, which was essentially the punishment. And Jesus basically draws a line and says, you know, he who is without sin should cast that first stone. And nobody does it. De Escalates that conflict and everybody leaves, right? And there's a very famous essay that Renee Girard wrote that basically compared that to A to a different example in a more paganist context where people did stone people. The idea of all of this is that there's some amount of. You know, sin that everybody carries. And I think that at some point. Cancel culture will realize that. You have to de escalate, and you have to see through some of this noise. You have to have some point of moral resolution to really move on, because this sort of like fatalistic judgment doesn't work anymore. So whoever people wanted to cancel Rogan, they must be very frustrated today because for all intents and purposes, he got off the hook. They may try again in the future with some other ISM. He may just as well get off the hook in the future. Right. So what the what is the real solution? The real solution is to figure out how to deescalate and actually have a conversation about the things that he's doing that really upset you. And that is still not what's happening. And a path perhaps to resolution. Let's get freeberg and then you sex freeburg. I'll say two things. One, I I think I once sat next to Tony Blair for dinner. You know, he was the Prime Minister of the UK and he told me it was a really funny conversation because he was talking about his youth and he's like. If there were iPhones when I was young, I would not have ever been elected to public office. Like, you know, he was in a rock band. He, I don't know if you guys know his history, but, you know, he was pretty freewheeling kind of guy. And his point was really broader than that. It was that, you know, all of us have something that people can look to us for and use against us in some way. But I think what's really important with this Joe Rogan thing, and I think the bigger picture for me, dissenting voices and critical voices and outspoken voices, are extremely important in the discourse that make society progress. It is not a good society when people that have dissenting voices or offensive voices are shut down. Society has a better opportunity to to chart a new course and to identify new paths. Sometimes when the dissenting voice is wrong and sometimes when it is right. But in both cases it is important to have that dissenting voice because it allows us to have the dialogue that allows us collectively to figure out what is wrong and what is right. And so this notion of cancel culture and the way that people like Joe Rogan. Are and have been attacked for things that they have said in the past or do say today. I think it is really contrary to the opportunity that the United States presents with this, you know, founding principle of freedom of speech, sex. Yeah. So I agree with that. But I want to build on what Shamas said with the Renee Gerrard analysis of this. I mean, what we're seeing here is the modern day equivalent of a primitive, you know, archaic stoning ritual. This is a modern day virtual stoning in which we're not killing somebody, but we're trying to kill their digital avatar. I mean, we're basically trying to remove and destroy their online presence. I mean, that was really the goal here. And and and and the mechanics of this thing. It it only works to the extent that people are unaware of the the, the mechanism of the scapegoating. As soon as they become aware that this person's being targeted selectively as a scapegoat, it stops working. And that was the situation. We were in last week where you had, you know, Neil Young through the he cast the first stone despite being guilty of misinformation many times himself. He's got like a weird history of saying weird things about GMO's and gay people and some of the stuff got dredged back up and and I think that was fair because let he, who is without misinformation, cast the first stone. And then he got some of his friends, you know, the these aging, you know rockers like Joni Mitchell and Crosby Stills and Nash. To to throw the next stones. And then the media got in on this and through CNN and MSNBC they were throwing stones and it was all motivated by the fact that Rogan is simply does not refuse. He refuses to parrot their orthodoxy because you know, we can see people like Howard Stern, who I like stern, OK? But today Howard Sterns become a full-fledged COVID hysteric. I mean, he is fully on board with the COVID restrictions and mandates in this area. That's why he gets diplomatic immunity to this. So this whole the, the whole scapegoating ritual around Rogan was about to fail last week, and that's why they escalated it. It's because they saw, first of all, Rogan was getting away, and then second, our ability to to run these sorts of, like, witch hunts. If people start to reject that, we lose all of our power. And so that's why this thing escalated into the most sensitive area that we have in our society, this language around race, this very hurtful, these hurtful epithets. And these people are playing games with that, with with that type of language and it's very destructive and but I think people are seeing through it. You know, I really agree with this. I think like the the scapegoating has a way to resolve things is losing its effectiveness increasingly. It did work online for some amount of time early on. And David, you're exactly right. It's when the mechanism of action. Was poorly understood. But now that everybody sees it and people try to do it all the time, it just stops working. And it's not nearly as effective anymore. It's a burnt out tactic. You know, we see this in and it's like this marketing channel has been over and everybody knows, like, OK, I'm being marketed to. And to give it some context for those people who are wondering, you heard Renee Jarod, like three or four times here. It's a philosopher. And he taught at Stanford. He had a big impact on Peter Teal. I don't know if sacks actually took any courses with him. And there's a book. Me, Peter, David. I mean like if you take courses with him, I know you're any courses. But Peter told me about his ideas in college and I read some of his books. Yeah. His books are incredible. I mean the nature are he is one of the most powerful thinkers of of this. I mean he's he passed away and reminds me of Joseph Campbell, the power of myth. Like they were really thinking about the the the sort of basic basic tenets of like human the human condition and how people behave. It's really worth double clicking on. I think. Also interesting. In terms of forgiveness and blackface, Justin Trudeau has appeared no less than three times in his youth in blackface. And it's it's not a joke. It's literally true. Justin Trudeau, like the reason why the the racism label was planted on Rogan is because he's heterodox. The reason why that racism label has not yet really been planted on Justin Trudeau is because he's orthodox. He's quite he's quite part of the ingrained establishment. It comes from royalty in Canada growing up, Pierre Trudeau, you know, we were, we were liberals growing up, we were members of the Liberal Party. We'd made donations to the Liberal Party. You know, in our lore, there is no greater symbol than Pierre Trudeau, his father. And so when you're the son of somebody like that, you get an enormous amount of credit in your bank account that you're born with. And he was able to burn through so much of it by doing things that anybody else in any other situation may have been judged much more harshly. And he wasn't. And he becomes Prime Minister, and then he's able to get reelected. But, you know, his day of reckoning, reckoning is coming because he is revealing himself. To be a part of this establishment with these views that are actually really uncomfortable and, you know, quite grotesque because of how judgmental they are of everybody else. And that's a great segue. And then just finally, sacks, correct me if I'm wrong here. Joe Rogan has voted Democrat his whole life. He holds largely democratic beliefs. He's for universal healthcare, he's pro trans, he's pro gay, he supported Bernie Sanders and he was voting for Bernie Sanders. He's a really stupid person for the Democrats, for democratic politicians like Biden to alienate because he's a hero to young people, he's a hero to the working class, and his views are fundamentally might say more progressive. Yeah, there are 100% progressive, yes. So it's stupid for them to do this, but it's also stupid for them to be alienating these truckers because Democrats were supposed to be the party of the working class. So let's pivot to that issue. Can I just say one last thing? I just want to reiterate this sax, because I just, I just want to really give you a chance to say it again. You have. Always said, and it's so true, the solution to free speech and to protect it is more speech. And I just want to say to Daniel Eck and the team at Spotify, you guys must have been in a really difficult spot. But the decision to take that $100 million to increase the funnel for other voices and historically underrepresented voices is so good. And I hope you guys get to the other side of it, but I thought it was a really, really, really good decision. Yeah, I mean, so on ecken the spotlight decision, let me add one thing to that. So I applaud them for not cancelling Rogan. They must have been under enormous pressure to do so, including from their own, you know, employees. The only thing I didn't like in next statement was when he talked about the user safety and how they need to do a better job of of user safety. That's a concept that doesn't make a lot of sense to me. I mean, Rogan is not sneaking into people's living rooms. And turning his show on and pressing play if people don't like it. I'm talking about users. If users don't like the content, they don't have to listen. You don't have to click play. He's not literally turn the safety. Yeah, that was really bought into this idea of psychological safety, that being confronted with any of you you don't like is a threat to your safety. That is actually a threat to free speech because it's giving the most hysterical people in our culture, the ones who are most prone to being offended, a veto over any idea that end speech they don't like. Yeah, if you're uncomfortable, you're unsafe. You could remove yourself from that situation. If it's a piece of media, you don't need to read every book. You don't need to see every Quentin Tarantino film. You don't need to listen to Joe Rogan or whatever else that you find offensive to you personally. I just don't think we should be feeding that idea that that psychological safety is legitimate idea. We talked about this before with like, you know, people at work, if they say they feel unsafe, that's instantly like an HR. Like, Oh my God, you feel unsafe. Everybody's legal requirement. If someone's creating a safety issue in the workplace, they have a legal requirement to remove that problem. That's why this language got started, as it triggers the machinery of HR to remove people who are doing nothing wrong. If I tell you as an employee like sacks, hey listen, your work product is not good enough, you're like, I feel unsafe, right? OK. Anyway, let's go to the truckers because I think we're being this stuff. I just want to have one final comment on Spotify. I think there and appreciate what Daniel did with $100 million. That's great. And I think it's great that he's supporting free speech and he's and he's holding his ground there. I know that's not easy. However, I think he's intellectually dishonest saying they're not the publisher of Joe Rogan. I have a three-part test to see if you're a publisher, do you pay for the content? Do you promoted? Do you produce it? If you do 2 or more of those, you're de facto a publisher in my mind. They pay a lot of money for Joe Rogan. They promote the heck out of him. And while they don't produce it in advance by picking the guests, they do have a production like veto on what content they put out there. And so if Netflix has to own the people they pay, even if they don't produce it and they promote, then Spotify does need to have the same standard. And Disney and Netflix all are producers of content. Nobody would argue that. And I believe Spotify is the producer. Daniels, not being honest on this, let me just defend Spotify for a second. You guys have been through this. I've, I've been through this many times at several of my companies, but when you are in the middle of a firestorm. It's very rare that you can put out these, you know, press releases. Where the pride of authorship is one person and in many ways you have to write these PR releases. With all of these guardrails that that think about all of these future issues that may pop up overtime. And so I understand that you guys had some issues with some of the words. I would just say again look at the action and the action is he didn't deep platform someone and then he doubled down on free speech and he actually pointed $100 million fire hose at people who can now tell their own stories on a platform that is the most important audio platform in the world. So I would say you know you know that's kind of like. Same thing when I said, you know, I didn't particularly like, sometimes, you know, Brian's essay, I could have written it better. But at the end of the day, what I saw through it, and I admit it this later, the substance of what Brian Armstrong did was incredibly profound. One of the most important things that actually happened in the last few years in Silicon Valley culture. And I would just say that I think that Daniel did something really powerful here and I think that both Spotify and Coinbase deserve, and the employees and the leaders there deserve a round of applause. I think it was a very, very hard decision and I think they stuck to their guns. Irrespective of what you believe, they stuck to their guns. Canadian truckers are protesting, as many of you know, vaccine mandates just breaking. Today, Ontario's premier has declared a state of emergency. For the entire province and Ottawa, police have braced for thousands of protesters to descend for the third consecutive weekend. USA TODAY also reported the convoy could disrupt the Super Bowl buying, state of the Union, etcetera. The protest has been self-titled the Freedom Convoy and has been underway since January 29th, 29th. It appears it has spanned several thousand vehicles across the country and the truckers are blocking key roadways and bridges including the Ambassador Bridge. They're seeking an end. To connect Canada's vaccine mandates. And it feels like this is now morphing into something a little bit wider than just vaccine mandates. Maybe it's becoming a Occupy Wall Street type of protest, open to many people with many different things that they have grievances about. A reporter from Barry Weiss's Common Sense newsletter, Slash Media operation, wrote what the truckers want. Jason, you're you. You just nailed it. I do think that this is actually Occupy Wall Street 2.0. Yeah. Look now it turned out just to get root some facts. So it's not just truckers. This is a broad based coalition of people across every single race and gender and age group in Canada that's participating in this thing. In fact, the Bari Weiss article, you know, she profiled men, women of all ages, seeks, you know, whites. I mean everybody blacks there was. So there's a there's a coalition of people. Second is this really isn't about. Vaccination rates because it turns out truckers are 90% vaccinated. They're vaccinated at a higher percentage than the actual broad based population of Canada, which is about 78%. I think the the point of this, and again, I care about this so much as a Canadian, but I I just want to read a quote from Justin Trudeau because I think it encapsulates what this is really about. The quote is the small fringe minority of people. Who are on their way to Ottawa, who are holding unacceptable views that they are expressing, do not represent the views of Canadians. And I think it's that phrase unacceptable views that really points to what the real issue here is, which is that there are a lot of people who now say it's been two years, enough with mask mandates, enough with all of this. You know, almost police state that's developed, all of the emergency use power that politicians have taken. Let's reclaim our democracy and let's have, you know, freedom again. And under the political viewpoint of the ruling Liberal Party, which by the way, is now going into revolt as well, a bunch of Liberal MP's have just completely flipped because of this statement. It summarizes what Trudeau is saying, which is what you believe is unacceptable to me. And so now I will quash you. That Canada has one viewpoint Freeberg did any of you guys listen to the New York Times Daily Podcast that our friend sent out the link to this morning? Yes. You know, to me these are the same story. It was actually a an interview with a reporter who highlighted some work that she had done and identified that Phil Murphy the the Democratic governor of New Jersey. Had done some some some polling and some some focus group discussions with some of his constituents and the overriding tone was one of emotion, one of feeling left out of the life that they believed they should have been living over the past two years. And ultimately I think the tone speaks very clearly to what the truckers are saying, which is everyone feels more than ever incredible overreach into their personal lives by the government and by different governments, whether it's local or federal here in the US or by this Canadian. Government or, you know, go to Australia or the UK and the sentiment seems to be similar everywhere. I don't think that anytime since World War Two have we seen the government create such restrictions and such mandates in in democratic republics like the United States that we just saw over the past two years. And I think the fact that it's continuing when folks are now seeing, you know, on the ground every day. You know, the the mildness of Omicron, or, like, you know, the big, the challenges that their kids are facing in school. And you kind of put these things together and you say to yourself, why is my government restricting my life and causing the challenge that I'm being forced to face? For what? And I think that's a tone that everyone feels everywhere in the West today. I think in the East, it's a little bit different, right, because of the the mindset there. But I think here collectivism, collectivism. And I think here we're we pride, individual liberty and freedom. That's kind of the foundation of these democracies. To have the government tell us what we have to wear, shots we have to put in our arms, where we can go and when, how we can behave in ways that were never legislated in ways that were never kind of debated and discussed publicly. It just feels overreaching at this point. I think everyone hit their breaking point, and this is another one of these examples. This trucking thing is another one of these examples of people manifesting their breaking point and sacks to the point we've been discussing over and over again. Things have changed radically since the beginning of the pandemic. You believed in mask. Candidates early because, hey, no downside. We talked about that and we didn't want hospitals to be overrun. Which is reasonable or you want to have oxygen? We were all, you know, trying to make plans for hey, how bad is this going to be? We're sitting here two years later and it's pretty clear Omicron which I had. Thank you. Sax is, is a nothing burger, as we said here. Thanks. Saxon, maybe a superhero. Thank you. All I've ever gotten is sick when I've been around you. Yeah, I went to Saxis party and all I got was an $8000 gift bag and omicron the gift bags. Pretty great at sexist parties, no, I think. I think getting American helped you because it enabled you to see that this, for you, was largely a nothing burger. And so you could come out of your house and start acting normal. I think a lot of people all over the country are like you're saying that you haven't left your house for two years. Do you remember the photos of sax at the beginning of COVID, when he was wearing the triple mask and the goggles and the daddy? You got a friend from Mexico. Colonel Kurtz. Well, look, I supported mass mandates. The beginning of the pandemic, when Fauci was telling us Masden work, let's, let's not forget that, you know, I was supporting when the health officials told us they didn't work. Why? Because it was the only thing we had. We didn't have. David, David, David, come on. He was he was doing us a favor by lying to us. By his own admission, he said I lied to you so that we could preserve these masks for frontline workers. Well, thank you. Thank you. Anthony Fauci, one of many. One of many. Look, Noble lies that he's been telling. Here we go. He's in. He's a noble. Higher. He's under a lot. By May of 2020, I would always my biggest political loser pick from 2020. Go on, take it easy on your pics. I know you want to do your victory lap. It's only February. Give us till like June for the check in. OK. Colonel Kurtz, continue. Mass were the main alternative to lockdown. So that's the way I saw it in the summer of 2020. And I was saying and these crazy lockdowns just do maths. And then once we had the vaccine and all COVID restrictions, that was a year ago and now we still have these restrictions a year later and that is what the truckers. Rebelling against just like you said, these are ordinary people who are sick and tired of having to show their papers and have to deal with these mandates and and and for that they've been like absolutely demonized. I mean, Trudeau comes out and says that they're basically white supremacist and racist and homophobic, every epithet he can throw at them. Sorry to your point, he used every, he did use every ISM. He really did try to cancel them at 1st. And this is what's really painted him in a corner. He went on national TV and he said these people are racists and misogynist. That's. That's specifically what he said. And it actually turned out that the overwhelming majority of them were not. They were just normal, ordinary, law abiding Canadians who were just fed up with the ovaries. And then then what happened was the polling said you should bring these convoy leaders in, sit them down and talk to them. And then the the political calculus though, was impossible for him because he had already called them racist and misogynist. So then how could he bring them in? Right? Exactly, yeah. How do you negotiate with Nazis basically. So then what he did. He ran out of Ottawa, so instead of staying in Ottawa now he's under in a secure location for his sake. Oh my God, Ohh he feels unsafe. So trigger warning. But in fairness, when you bring 8000 people together and you get a wide enough group of people, there was SWAT stickers and white Confederate flags that were flown. So it might have been two of 8000, but that did happen from the protest movement, which I just said. Protest movement. There's always gonna be a handful of people who go too far and are too extreme, but they did not represent the vast, vast majority of the people who turned out, which are ordinary citizens. And Trudeau seized on a handful of isolated examples to try and demonize these guys, and I think it's blowing up in his face. The fact of the matter is the truckers did not start this fight. It's the zealotry of our elites, of our professional class, that started this fight. They will not give up on these mandates. That's the fundamental problem. And while they go to the Super Bowl with no mask on, I think what you're seeing here with this trucker thing, I think it's gonna have huge ripple effects because it's showing the schism in the Democratic Party between the professional elites and the working class. Here you have the working class, remember? These were the essential workers. These are the people bringing us our food. Most of them already had COVID over the last couple of years. They couldn't sit behind a computer and do their job in their pajamas on zoom all day. OK, so these guys know the reality of COVID just like you learned the reality. Jason, when you actually got it, and yet we've got this neurotic class of professionals within the Democratic Party who don't want, who are these COVID dead Enders, don't want to give this stuff up. And that's the fundamental divide. And I think Biden's going to have to choose, which side are you on? Are you on the side of the working class or the professional class? Trudeau has chosen his side. He is the effete, elite face of these COVID dead Enders and and Biden is going to have to choose who he supports. And then those are dwindling. You have governors now who are democratic. Governors in many states who are saying listen. Omicron is obviously different. And look at the charts, look at the data. We don't need to talk about this New York Times story on how New Jersey and several other of these blue states dropped the mask mandates. It was absolutely extraordinary. I mean, it's not extraordinary. The risk assessment is different. David was extraordinary about it. Is that. I mean, I think it's kind of obvious, more than extraordinary if anacron is less deadly, it's an upper respiratory doesn't kill people who are vaccinated and most people are vaccinated. Pretty obviously. It's time to pivot and open everything up. It's times like. Obvious decision. Biden really missed his moment here. So I think, you know, like Freeberg said, it was Phil Murphy. He's a Democratic governor of New Jersey. He was supposed to have an easy reelect win by 20 to 30 points. He narrowly squeaks by by two to three points. OK, so then he conducts the focus groups to find out, what do we miss? Why were we so off on this thing? And they find out that people are sick and tired of these mandates. He goes to the White House, OK, and shows these findings and says, guys, we have to get off this losing position on COVID and the White House is on his hands and does. Absolutely nothing. So Murphy is like, we can't wait anymore. So he unilaterally goes without White House support. This is all in the New York Times article. This is not like some right wing publication saying this. OK, so he unilaterally says, OK, we're getting rid of the mask mandate. OK. And then five other states do the same thing because they realize we can't wait anymore. And Biden is just nowhere to be found. And Pesaka is saying, well, we're deferring to the CDC. They're deferring to, you know, racial wolinsky at the CDC and Randy Weingartner at the teachers unions. And these health officials like Barbara Ferrer and LA County, all of whom are saying we cannot lift these mandates yet they don't want. So they are completely on the wrong side of this. And then Biden really steps in it by saying to Trudeau and Canada, listen, you guys got to clear this bridge, do whatever you need to do to clear this bridge, basically implying that the civil disobedience needs to be met by force. And then you've got Harvard professors and CNN analysts saying, slash their tires, take away their trucking licenses, starve them out. You know, so this has been the response, and the response to that is now there's a trucker convoy getting started in the US and they're gonna March on Washington. They're gonna drive to Washington. Great. And between now and then, Biden better figure out what she's going to be on because if he doesn't handle this right, I think it's going to be the end of his presidency. Peaceful civil disobedience is fine. As long as they're not blocking ambulances getting people to and from hospitals, that's fine. Especially the unvaccinated on respirators. Is this Scranton Joe? The the The the guy who said he would take us back to normalcy? The the representative of the working class. Is that who the President of United States is, or is he in the Trudeau camp? The, you know, the the falchi and the Wolinski and the Barber farriers easily influenced asking. You're asking a rhetorical question. I think that the the polling data makes the answer pretty clear, which is that the Democratic Party is lurching towards establishment insiders and working normal ordinary people have. In larger and larger numbers started gravitating towards to the Republican Party. Minorities in far larger numbers than we ever expected have started lurching towards the Republican Party. And so the answer is sort of in the polling data and what what the actual facts on the ground have been, you know, I mean, we we forget. Because we were all so ready to to to cast away our Trump Derangement Syndrome syndrome. But he did get, I think what was it, 9,000,000 more people to vote for him in this past election? Yeah, the working class whether it's the white working class or the non white working class are moving in huge numbers. I think huge. I think, I think the margin of non white working class who moved to the Republicans last election was 18 points. They got 18 points more share than eight years ago. So the working class regardless of their race. Was moving towards the Republicans, while the Democrats are becoming this more a feat elite professional class party, this woke elite party. And you know, I think Biden sort of is caught in the middle of this. And I think he's running out of time to try and reestablish that he's going to have a centrist presidency that does not completely kowtow and defer to the left of his party to this sort of woke elite thinking. You know, you see democratic political scientists like Roy Tushara writing about this like every week saying this is your last chance. This is your moment to save your presidency. I don't know if he's listening. OK, Freedberg, we made some great progress in science this week in nuclear fusion. You wanna tee this up for us? I'm happy too, so let me just give a little background. For maybe a minute on on fusion, so you know the. The way energy is made in the sun and in All Stars is through this process of nuclear fusion where hydrogen. Nuclei, the, the protons inside of hydrogen atoms shoot around at such a high energy, and they're so dense because of the amount of hydrogen and all, causes gravity to pull them all together and they get really dense. They start slamming into each other. When they slam into each other, they fuse into helium and ultimately into heavier elements and release energy in the process. And that is what fusion is. So, you know, we talk about nuclear energy on Earth. All nuclear energy that we've generated on Earth as a species to date has been through fission, where we take much heavier elements like plutonium and uranium, and they break. Part by squeezing them together and they release energy. But this creates radioactive material. It's dangerous, it's very, very expensive and so on. So there's always been a question since roughly the 1950s on whether or not we could recreate the conditions of the sun or stars on planet Earth by creating a plasma, by creating the same sort of plasma that exists inside of stars, very hot, very fast, very dense hydrogen that can slam into itself and slam into atoms and fuse into helium and release energy. Does that same plasma. Exist on Uranus? Uh-huh. Yeah. God, you gonna give him a wedgie? Let science boy finish. Come on. Ohh, sorry. Back to you. Never gets old. Was it 69 megajoules or 420 megajoules? Yeah. So plasma fusions always been this kind of Holy Grail of energy. Because if you can actually generate plasma fusion, the amount of energy it takes to create the plasma is less than the energy that comes out of the plasma. So it's it's effectively in positive, infinite free, cheap plasma. And so the the system that people have been building for the last 25. 30 years is these, these doughnut shaped systems called Topamax, they're, they're, they're like a circle, like a doughnut and they spin the plasma around inside. And so it takes a lot of energy and magnets and so on to try and make this work. You know, it's a company we talked about a few months ago called Commonwealth Fusion Systems, which uses a new superconducting material to control that plasma and use instead of using expensive magnets may just raise $1.8 billion. And you know, more recently the Joint European Torus, which is managed by the the Atomic Energy Authority in the United Kingdom just this week demonstrated energy output from their tokamak plasma fusion system where they generated, you know, 59 megawatts of energy in five seconds, which is a record. The prior record was set in 1997 by that same agency they generated 16 megawatts of power output. So it it was a great breakthrough. And, you know, to make this all possible has required technical breakthroughs in electronics, technical breakthroughs in sensors and computing, and hardware and material science and superconductors. And so all of this is starting to coalesce that plasma fusion might actually become a reality. And the eye care system, which is the biggest construction project in Europe, 35 nations have contributed a total of roughly 50 to $60 billion to make this system is it's going to go online around 2027. They've been building it for 20 years. It's going to be a 500 MW demonstration system, and if it works, then it opens up the door that in the future we may actually be able to turn plasma fusion into an energy source for all of humanity. It basically would use water. Plasma fusion is made from taking hydrogen, which you would get from water, spinning it around, heating it up, getting it to be really, really dense and ultimately driving power out of it. The implications are extraordinary, right? So over the next few decades it is appearing more likely that we will have plasma fusion systems working on Earth and as that. Happens, energy becomes free and it becomes unlimited. And with unlimited free energy we can terraform Earth, right? We can take ocean water desalina turn it into fresh water. We can pump that into deserts, turn them into rainforests. You know, the total annual production of energy on Earth today is about 170 terawatt hours. That amount of energy could be generated from just a 10 foot by 10 foot by 10 foot cube of water. That's the amount of energy, the amount of material that would be turned into photons that would drive all of the electricity we need. Alright, so it's an incredible technology and an incredible breakthrough. We're starting to see this stuff happen. One area that I wanted to kind of just highlight, which no one talks about, but which I think is extraordinarily important. About 100 years from now, let's say, as these plasma Ephesian systems work, it's certainly going to be true that we'll have abundant free energy during the back half of this century. And that'll change everything. We'll decarbonize the atmosphere, we'll terraform the planet, we can make whatever we want, we can build things, etcetera. But the same system of plasma fusion theoretically could be used to fuse heavier elements than just helium. So Fast forward 100 or 200 years. If we can actually make plasma fusion systems work, we could also and to to make helium to make energy. We could also use them to make heavier elements, like the rare earth metals that we talk about being so important here on Earth to make batteries. Or phosphorus, which you know we're going to run out of on planet Earth in about 100 years, which is a critical component of agriculture and feeding ourselves. So, you know, over the next, call it 100 years, plasma fusion systems, I think back half of this century come online, provide us with abundant free energy. And then in the 22nd century, I think this idea of nucleosynthesis, the idea that we can actually make the rare earth or the heavier elements that are limited natural resources here on earth where we could turn water into gold or water into lithium or water into molybdenum or you know, into beryllium or whatever starts to become a reality. And so this to me, like I, I feel like we're on the eve of plasma thesium being a reality, you know? It's some of the results we're seeing and it's it's one after the other. Eye care is going to come online. You know Commonwealth Fusion had their, their materials breakthrough and on and on and on. So this seems to be building up. And so the 23rd to hit a tipping point. Yeah, that's right. I think the twenty 30s and the twenty 40s are where this becomes real and all these problems and concerns we have about climate change and carbon in the atmosphere, all of this stuff can be reversed with infinite energy and so. So I'm optimistic and I'm, I'm, I'm excited about a lot of what we're seeing. Let me ask you one question. Obviously when people start hearing. About nuclear reactors and fission. And then they Start learning about fusion. They immediately have the Chernobyl's of the world and Fukushima's come to mind and nuclear bombs. In this case, when this reaction occurs, my understanding I've interviewed a couple of people working on these reactors is that the reaction just fizzles out, it just stops, and then it's not radioactive. So these are not radioactive materials that naturally decay into radioactive ions or or particles that can damage the body or damage. These are literally just hydrogen atoms that are spun around so hot and smashed into each other. So if the machine breaks, everything just turns off. That's it. And the output, even when it's working. My understanding. Some natural like just air and water. So there's no output, there's no, there's nothing there. If there's no, there's nothing to deal with. So let let me Fast forward 200 years. So now assume these systems work. As you guys know, all technology over time gets better, faster, cheaper, smaller. So in 200 years we could find that we have plasma fusion reactions in every pocket, in every computer, in every phone. Imagine a world where we no longer need battery, where we no longer need transmission lines. And where a system can literally pull hydrogen out of the air, generate electricity on the fly. And it sounds crazy, but people thought people would have never thought that the batteries that we put inside of phones would have existed when the first flow cell, battery cell was made, you know, whatever, you know, during the early days of of of chemistry, electoral chemistry. So, you know, the idea that we've been able to shrink batteries as we have the, the idea that we've been able to make generators like we have today, these are concepts that would have been so foreign. So I do think that in 200 years, if plasma fusion systems work, there's nothing about the laws of physics. It says they're limited in scale to only being large. They theoretically could be reduced down to. There's no limit to the size they could drop down to. And so there could be a world 200 years from now where plasma fusion reactors exist in every component that needs electricity. And so ultimately you could see putting these, these systems on spaceships and using them to convert elements from one form to another. And we could live for, you know, 100,000 years on a spaceship and just recycle the elements on that spaceship to produce all our food and our air and everything and. Yeah, for sure. We could get to Uranus with that. Absolutely. I'm back the summary and back you come back, you could circle his ****. So that was my diatribe on plasma fusion. I'm super excited about some of the progress right now. Sacks is wondering, how do we wet our beaks? Just tell us where to place the bet. It's there's no where yet. This is. Obviously, I don't place bets on things that take 100,000 years. It's only 100 years ago. 100 years. Sorry, hundred thousands of things that might materialize in four years. Sorry, hundred weeks. He needs to upgrade. His bills are due next month. Margin call sacks. Ohh, I got bills to pay. I got billed. He's got a big part of the, you know, just speaking markets for a second. I mentioned to you guys at the end of last year that I made a bet on energy stocks. And the reason I made a bet on energy stocks is because some of the breakthroughs that we're seeing and decarbonization and renewable energy has driven a reduction in capital improvements across energy infrastructure because people are so optimistic about what's over the horizon and they're so pessimistic about carbon intensive. Energy systems that we actually have under invested over the past few years in energy infrastructure that it's turning out today is critically needed. So while this is a great long term kind of optimistic world scenario and it's going to decarbonize energy production and energy systems in the near term, we're actually struggling a bit to meet our energy demands. And there's a lot of leverage that energy producers have over those that are the consumers as we're seeing currently with the Russia, Ukraine, Europe crisis and so on. And so part of the reason for the climb and energy stocks over the last couple of weeks. Has been largely driven by the fact that we're realizing that this underinvestment in CapEx has created a decline in productivity of these assets relative to the demand. And so suddenly everyone's like Oh my gosh, these things are going to be able to charge more, commodity prices are going up and so on. So you know it's very hard to think about playing an investment cycle around this stuff because in the near term there's still significant demand and we only have carbon intensive systems to produce energy yes future MOP if does this mean on an investment thesis you might see a massive spike in carbon based. Fuel systems and the sovereign wealth funds and then a dramatic drop off. No, OK, what do you predict will happen? The nobody will support anybody investing in pulling more oil out of the ground. They'll they'll support trying to get more from what we have. But, you know, I, I don't know. I don't know if you guys saw, but you know, there's no support for this whether you're an investor and you go activist on some of these oil companies. You know whether you're I think they're Biden had a big setback because. You know, he had cleared a hole like millions of acres of offshore. Land for some, some kind of energy extraction that was then just reversed by the courts. No, no, but nobody has support for this, though. But that's. But what you're saying is exactly right and it's exactly the reason oil prices are climbing. I just sent you guys a link to, to what's going on today. They're but they're climbing for the wrong reason. So look, let's just be realistic here. We, you know, we have a cartel. It's called OPEC, you know, and what they do is they decide output. And we have some checks and balances to OPEC, namely Russia and a few other actors. Who will try to then regulate supply and demand so that there's mutually assured destruction? The net result of all of that right now is that we do have some constraints applied for the amount that we need to get to get back to the level of production we had pre pandemic. So we are going to have some sustained energy prices. But you saw something really important this past week. Everybody was waiting for this big CPI print, right, the consumer price index print, everybody thought it was going to be a bad number. It was a pretty bad number. But the markets were pretty responsive to it and and then it's been pretty responsive the rest of the week despite a whole bunch of stuff I don't know if you guys saw, but like yesterday there was this crazy article where, you know, one of the Fed governors was like, we should raise by 100 basis points by July and you know, we should do 88 raises and and the markets were like, what are you talking about and why is that? Because now people have started to look, you know, I've mentioned this before, when you go into a rate cycle. We're kind of past worrying about how many. We kind of look to the end and decide what we want to believe about the future. And one of the most interesting things is the rate of change of this inflation. Was actually lower month over month. And so if you think about it that way, we had a bad CPI print, but it's actually not going up as much and in fact it's starting to trail off and a lot of economists now forecast. Basically, this inflation peaking or already having peaked over the last few weeks, consumer sentiment is not so good. A lot of us are now shifting our consumption away from goods to more services. We're we're stopping, you know, the hoarding of the toilet papers of the world, if you will. And so I'm not a big buyer of this trade to be honest with you freeberg. I think that it works in the short term. I don't think it's an investment. I think at some point you're going to have to make a decision about what your view on energy is. I know I I agree, I don't think this is a long term trend trade not an investment. That's right, but I do. I do. I do think that the macro sentiment sent the market in One Direction. It creates this. It created a buying opportunity, which I was pretty clear about and I do think that some of this global tension stuff we're seeing is only going to drive it up for a while. I do think however that the the this big. Ex spread trade is moving from a trade. To an investment, actually. And that I didn't expect. And the reason is I talked to a bunch of folks on Wall Street over this past week and they told me two things and one of them is a segue, because I think we should talk about Microsoft, which is another brilliant move in the lexicon of business. But. What they said was Facebook has become a funding short. For other investments. Now what does that mean? Everybody was crowded into big tech. We talked about this before, right? Those five stocks were broadly owned. They were effectively the index. But after that, after that earnings report, a lot of investors, including retail investors, had to decide where to reallocate their capital and had to decide where to invest, where the money was going to come from to invest in these other names that were really beaten up. And what folks on Wall Street have been telling me is that, you know, Facebook has become what's called the funding short, meaning there is no bid to buy that from institutional owners. They'd rather on the March and sell it to generate the cash to then take and invest in other things. And what you saw over this past week is the bottoming out of a lot of these growth stocks that were beaten up, right? They rallied pretty significantly every day. Three, four, five, 6% rallies and other names in big Tech have rallied really well, including Microsoft. And and so I, I'm, I I think that there is the potential, a small potential that that's going from a trade to an investment actually a sustainable trend that you can bank on for you know several years investment hold the stock for 5-10 years. The trade that spread trade you can hold for a long period of time. But for the winners to be the winners in that just so people get refreshed, Google, Google, Microsoft, Google and then you feel Amazon, Facebook obviously. And Netflix are the losers in that trade. Still feel that way? I think that Microsoft and Google are far and away the winners. Far and away the winners. And look, you saw, you saw, you saw this Microsoft thing today or sorry this past week. So smart. Yeah. So just to give catch people up on that, Microsoft has made another savvy move to get approval for their $75 billion Activision Blizzard acquisition. They promised their video game App Store would operate with open market principles. CEO of the year, Satya, Nadell, uh and others traveled to Washington in Nadel. All right. This is at the end. Travel to Washington week to meet with regulators regarding the acquisition. So they, I guess are proactively going to Washington as opposed to other people who maybe are not quote from Microsoft President Brad Smith, we are more focused on adopting. Adapting to regulation than fighting against it. That's some really interesting confluence there. There's a famous story about this explorer named Hernando Cortez, where, you know, we've all heard this analogy or this, this, this little phrase before where, you know, when they were exploring. Coming from Europe and, you know, they hit the Caribbean islands and then, you know, looking for America, etcetera. The famous phrases burn the boats. Yep, right. Can't go back. We have to find our way to make it work. The way that that's been extended in business is sort of what we would call scorch the Earth. And there's a competitive move that a lot of businesses, if they're smart enough, can execute. Which is to effectively take a key market. And take an economic view of that market where you say that we're going to take all the economic value away from it. And I think this is the first step towards a really interesting play that Microsoft could pull, which is essentially to scorch the Earth of app stores, which is Googles and apples really big money printer to make a completely open permissible platform with very little to no take rate and in a market as big as video games. I think what it does is it creates pressure on all these other mega platforms to essentially copy them. And I think Friedberg mentioned this before, Google has actually been the best in doing this by finding these key markets. I think it was sacks, you know, Chrome and other things and giving them away for free. Google is in a position to make the App Store effectively free and then that puts Apple on a little bit of a desert island. So Jason, back to why I think you can keep Apple in that basket of shorts. The competitive pressures are mounting by by the moves of Microsoft that I think are easier for Google to copy and very difficult for companies like Apple to copy because it creates an incredible disincentive. Yeah. And also as part of this open App Store concept, they would let you use any payment system. So if you're on an iPhone and you want to use Apple Pay with a Google app purchase, you could do that. And if you were on, you know, Microsoft, you could use PayPal as an example. Sacks, what do you what do you think about inflation? OK, there was a really interesting chart on inflation that actually 0. Just tweeted and I threw it up in the notes here where they said real hourly earnings are -, 1.7%. It's the 10th month in a row where US incomes aren't keeping up with inflation, so the problem here is that. You know, people's incomes have increased with inflation, but not as much as the inflation rate. So the net effect of it is that people are feeling worse off when they go to the grocery store to buy groceries or whatever they need. They don't feel as rich. That's the fundamental problem here, and I think there's a lot of people out there who think that there's a free lunch that if we printed 2 trillion worth of stemmy checks, this is the whole that $2 trillion bill last year they shoveled through. I think the idea was we're going to print as much money as we can before the election. And it's gonna help us in the midterms, actually. As it turns out, it boosted inflation so much that people are feeling worse off even though their wages went up slightly because on a net basis, their earnings are down. So I just think it's a good reminder that you can't just like print. Wealth. You can't print your way to prosperity. No free lunches. There's no free lunches. Yeah. Or we're gonna create addiction to universal income or universal subsidy. That's the alternative is people are going to basically try and vote to make some programs that were initially meant to be temporary, more permanent in order to keep up the the lifestyle that they've become accustomed to. Just just to build on success point. The University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment was released, I think it was today, this morning. And it shows exactly what he's saying, which is that, you know. Consumers propensity and confidence in the economy has been falling off a Cliff. You know, the month over month change was almost, it was down 8.2%. The year over year change is down almost 20%. Current economic conditions was down 20% and then index of consumer expectations. Down 19%. So to, to saxis point, people are scared. Yeah, well, we've been, we've been talking on the show for the last, I'd say, a couple of months about balancing the risk of recession versus the risk of inflation. Inflation, I think has gotten slightly worse at the print went from the last print was like 7.1% now 7.5%. So to Chamas point earlier, it's getting worse, but the rate of how fast it's getting worse is slowing. But the risk of recession, I think is increasing because what's keeping this economy going is. The consumer and if the consumer sentiment now all of a sudden is tanking and people feel poorer because of inflation, I just, you know now that that the risks are starting to become more sentiment goes down. This is where governors play a critical role because if they don't open up these economies, we can't actually have a consumer LED consumption rebound of the economy because there aren't any services to buy because you can't actually be around anybody. So if the economy remains effectively closed, then people are done buying, you know, tubs of margarine and toilet paper. Because you know Armageddon isn't coming as we were worried it would. What are we supposed to be doing? So this is how these things interplay. So we have to get these again going back to where we started. We have to get this economy open and we have to just get back to some sense of normalcy and the consumer will lead us out. But I think sacks, you're right on the margin. I think the risk is towards a recession because people don't see this. Thomas Sowell who's a well known Stanford, he's a, I think he's a senior fellow at Hoover. You know he he he has this comment which is effectively. Taxes are bad for the rich. And the poor. But inflation is bad just for the poor. And the reason he says that is because, you know, if you're wealthy, you can transition to assets that are sort of inflation adjusted or inflation protected, right? You can consume assets or you can purchase assets to protect yourself. But inflation is an exceptionally regressive means of the government taking compensation away from you, current compensation, and it disproportionately affects working class, ordinary people. And so if you have real wages that are negative inflation that's high, that's confiscatory, right you are, you are meaningfully less well off than you were before. And you know, the wealthy folks have a way to hedge, but normal ordinary working class people do not. And on the margin then if they then do not go out and spend. The problem will be some sort of recessionary effect. I also think if we open up more people might since they're so lonely and getting weird staying at home. I think they might actually want to go do jobs to socialize and do things. I'm seeing people want to get out and do you know trips with their teams and their and they're sick of staying home. Salesforce just bought a retreats under and we saw this South of the city of the Bay Area and because Benioff's got a concern I guess that all these employees he hired over two years, we've never met another Salesforce employee. We're getting weird and lonely and you know, that's going to be very, I think David, you're right. I think history is going to be really judgmental of Biden if he is the last person to basically give the green light and all of these democratic governors basically revolt and open up under underneath, you know, either silence or the complete opposite point of view. This is a really bad setup. Well, National Journal, which again is not some right wing publication. They're just sort of a an analyst of what's happening in Washington. Whether by that an article bind is blowing his COVID moment he was elected to lead us back to normalcy. All he had to do was say, guys, it's time for the restrictions to come off and take credit for the fact that we were, that the whole country was ready to move on and he's kind of missed it. And but this, this trucker convoy is coming to Washington and gives him one more chance, I think, to get on the right side of this, because there's really two ways he can react. One is to treat them as. You know, domestic terrorists, you know, racists, white supremacists, insurrectionary. Yes. Or he can, you know, embrace them and students. All he has to do is say, listen, we love you. We respect you, we hear you, we agree with you. It's time for these mandates to end. And you know what? Thank you, Rachel Wolensky and Anthony Fauci, for your service. We understand you're just trying to keep the country safe, but thank you very much. We're ready to move on. We're getting rid of all these restrictions, his popularity. Would, like, bounce five points. 10 points if he did that. Yeah. I'm betting he's going to. I mean, he's. He's always represented the working man and woman of this country. That's been his thing from the beginning. I bet you he does. Embrace them. And if you look at Omicron, remember the scariness of December. Hey, this thing is spreading 304050 times faster. I wonder. If it's going to have the same death rate and we didn't know and now we know and it's February 2 months later, we know that the curve in South Africa, same as the curve in New York and California, up and down. And then the only people who die seemingly are immunocompromised or unvaccinated or both. So it feels like the perfect time to really let us back to normalcy. I mean, we really need to give credit to all the people who fought to. It's the moms who went to these school board meetings were denounced as domestic terrorists. They're the ones who put pressure to repeal these mass mandates on their kids. Which, by the way, aren't even fully off. In New York and California, adults don't have to wear masks anymore, but the kids do. It's the scientists. It's the scientist of the Great Barrington Declaration who were demonized and called fringe and cooks and conspiracy theorists, they're the ones who provided the real data against lockdowns, not the NIH. It's these truckers who are basically opposing mandates. These are the people who are dragging us back to normalcy, and it's the politicians who are reacting to that when the polls change. And I think what the people want now is some real leadership. It's a politician who gets up there. And leads us back to normalcy. Why can't by and do that? There's a great article in the Times and they profiled, you know, a couple of people and one of them was a mom in New York who's running for Congress against, you know, an intense, an entrenched Democrat. And she's, I mean, you know, she's just a good hearted mom who was like, this is enough, enough is enough. I need to get back to normalcy. My kids need to get back in school. We still have mass mandates here in California. Kids are still wearing masks in school. Yeah, it's becoming tribal warfare amongst the Democrats. California because. Even when you know the the governor basically said OK, mask mandates can go on X date. The the county supervisors. Have not decided. So, for example, in Santa Clara County, you know they've not said yes. In LA County, there's a health, an unelected bureaucrat, a health director named Barbara Ferrer. She calls the shots on COVID. After Newsom basically said that the masks can come off, she says no, they can't, not until April. Who is this person giving us orders? She told this to the Board of Supervisors down there and we're all just supposed to listen. Now, the reason why she has this authority is because Newsom is granted to her under Newsom state of emergency. So what he should do is end that. What is the emergency? the Super Bowl is happening this weekend in the state and everyone's going to be their massless. I mean, I was at the Warriors game last night and you had people wearing the most. Flimsy of masks that does nothing to protect people taking them off while they're eating and drinking and then people walking around with signs. The security guards had signs that said please put your mask on and they were walking up to people like kid you not and putting this like little round sign in people's faces and not talking to them. Just you know. And they would stand there until you put your mask back on and like you're literally eating a hot dog and then you put the hot dog down and then they come up and put the sign in your face and you put your mask up. You take another of your hot dog. And he was getting unnecessarily confrontational and just weird and and. And nowhere else are you seeing it. And then you go to a restaurant and the employees are wearing masks and nobody else. I hope. I hope you can find it so weird. There was this clip on Twitter when the mask mandate was lifted in Nevada and it was a clip of kids in like grade two or three and they went crazy. OK? And the reason they were so excited was like they got to be normal again. And the explanation I had never heard this more. Beautifully said, these children can finally see their friends's emotions on their face. Oh my God, Can you imagine if you were 4567 years old and you cannot understand the emotions of other kids because you're covered up in a mask and you've only had an experience in schools two years in school. My 6 year old has never attended a day of school without a mask. You know, I was about to say, right, like that's there's kids out there who have never had, you know, I was at, I was at like the, I was at horses with one of my. Kids. Last weekend there were a bunch of kids out there writing, it's sunny, it's outside, they're on a horse, they're all wearing masks in a voluntary optional situation. I'm just like how brainwashed this generation that we're raising, I mean, they're going to be so neurotic, but they're also like, brainwashed to. I mean, it's it's crazy. We see it in the Bay Area. Like, I'll have a party with the kids or a group of kids come over and there's two or three parents who show up at the house. We only do outdoor parties, obviously. Two or three of the 10 kids will have masks on. Their parents will have masks on and like the most intense and 95 like sealed masks. And I'm like, you want to take your mask off for a picture and one of the kids refused to take her mask off for a picture outside at A at a birthday party. I was like, OK. Listen, I mean, when I supported the mask mandate, they're very beginning of the pandemic. May tell it was always as an interim measure. If I had known that people would want to continue this thing forever, there's no way I would have supported, but also probably was effective in the early days with the first. We know what the psychological impact of children is when they don't understand other people's emotions and you do it over a long period of time. No, we don't. I think that's a fair statement. We don't know the impact. Sure. And it's probably not 0. And so at some point, we need to look at the risks. Calculate some expected value, and the people we need to prioritize are those that are the youngest. OK, and I've said this before, and it's like the teachers unions need to understand that calculus. Parents already understand that calculus. I don't think the state legislators, governors and the federal bureaucracy yet understands this calculus, but it's time to return to normal, and it's time to return. Totally sorry, and on this point I would like to bring up something. The ACLU thing, just because I think I would love to get your take on, you know, talking about civil liberties and freedoms. There are things that are happening here under our noses every day. Under Democratic and Republican presidents, that to me, when I saw this on the ACLU Twitter feed yesterday, was shocking. Jason, do you want to? Tee that up, all right. In other news, the CIA has been secretly conducting surveillance programs to capture Americans private information on Thursday. Democratic Senators Wyden and Heinrich sent a letter to director of the CIA and the Director of National Intelligence. The letter called for greater transparency in the CI into the CIA's data collection of private U.S. citizens. Basically, the CIA used executive order 12333, which was signed by Reagan in 1981, to gather data on U.S. citizens, the letter notes. The program was, quote, entirely outside the statutory framework that Congress and the public believe governed the collection. 10. Without any judicial, congressional, or even executive branch oversight that comes from FISA. That's the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act collection quote. What these documents demonstrate is that many of the same concerns that Americans have about their privacy and civil liberties also apply to how the CIA collects and handles information under executive order and outside of FISA law. In particular, these documents reveal serious problems associated with warrantless backdoor searches of Americans, the same issue that had generated bipartisan concern in the FISA. Where is the mainstream media? While they breathlessly run around chasing cancellation stories, where are they to report and to hold accountable this stuff? And where are politicians in actually doing their job? But, you know, I don't think there's ever been this kind of overreach that's just constantly been going on with zero accountability or transparency into it. You know, the FBI is responsible for domestic laws, right? And the FBI has a very clear path in which they need to get warrants in order to be able to surveil. U.S. citizens, and then the fact that we give an agency whose responsibility is actually foreign, yes, to be CIC post, to work only on international, not domestic, and then to basically spy on its citizens with zero accountability or reporting. It seems to be a pretty important issue that should at least be discussed, especially in a world now where executive power just keeps ramping up and ramping up what's going on, and there's zero transparency or accountability. If I didn't randomly see this on an ACLU tweet, would we even be talking about this? Probably not. And the and the other thing that's. Crazy about it is, I think the way they get away with this jamath and this has been a something that the Patriot Act had a similar technique is they, the CIA and some other organizations will track international people of interest, you know money launderers etcetera and then say in order to track them. What anybody they contact in America is fair game or if they're, you know, and so you can get the metadata from the phone calls and the emails and I think that's how a lot of this gets just this, what this letter seems to say is we just there's a broad scale surveillance program against U.S. citizens that is indeterminate in scope and scale, right. So we don't know that seems very different than that. And then in, in parallel to this, there is also that announcement that the Department of Homeland Security is creating this major apparatus infrastructure to go after domestic terrorists. Well, look, if they mean people who actually like set off bombs or commit real crimes, fine. But Jamath, you asked where the media is, the media is defining routine political dissent as domestic terrorism now. I mean, you hear this type of threat inflation. We've heard these truckers even described as insurrectionists. So, you know, how are these programs going to be used is really the question. You create this massive infrastructure under the executive branch. We've seen that in Washington, this trend towards criminalizing. Political disagreements where Democrats or Republicans have been putting their partisans in jail for years, but are they now going to apply this to political disagreements in the country? Can they use these powers to go after truckers who are engaging in civil disobedience? Can they use these surveillance powers to go after somebody who just tweets things on social media that they don't like? I mean, these are the open questions. It's very scary. Well, and it's also hard to determine because you might have some people on the right who are protesting something in a very valid. And then you get some wack jobs like the Oath Keepers who are bringing in tons of weapons outside the DC area on January 6th. So there is a valid concern here with all those weapons the Oath Keepers brought and their plans to do a coordinated takeover after they first got in there. But then you have the other ******** were probably just there to have fun and bang drums and and support Trump, right? Do you think these truckers are engaged in insurrection? Well, I mean, we we don't know, and I don't think so. No. I mean, if they if they bring a bunch of guns, then yes, we should have concerns, but I don't think they are. The slippery slope is in when you have an executive order that is not governed by the standard guardrails that we used to have checks and balances between these kinds of government agencies and the people and the elected officials that we elect. Here's how it basically gets in a really tricky place you have. I'm just going to use Justin Trudeau's quote. OK, but replace that. Person with any politician in power, hey, there's a small fringe minority of people who are on their way here. They hold unacceptable views. Well, you know what that person is going to do. That person is going to want to do everything in their power to basically understand, break apart, and tear up that infringement ority group. Now, isn't that scary, right? When you have this overheated political rhetoric that describes your political opponents, your your dissenters? Yeah, as enemies, as white supremacists, as Nazis there, as insurrectionary, as as domestic terrorists. Why wouldn't then the law enforcement arms? For our government then treat them that way. I mean does the Department of Homeland Security or the the CIA or the FBI do they understand that the politicians are just engaging in rhetoric in in threat inflation or will they take that those invocations literally to what we have to investigate and stop these. I think they've done a Department of Justice done a pretty good job of that. I just want I just brought this up because I think it's really important for somebody in the mainstream media of which many listen to this podcast. Sure you have a responsibility to actually double click into this issue and. For sure going on please. Yeah for on behalf of all of us by the way like if you guys I mean Wall Street Journal, New York Times, BBC everyone covered it today but the story today is that lawmakers made this claim with no details and no evidence. So I'm sure the investigations are underway. I mean the the journalists are clearly leaning in to identify you know the the evidence behind the story and I'm sure more will come out over the coming days and weeks. And in fairness like you said it's the Justice Department doing this even handedly they were very specific with the. On January 6, interactions acts where they went after Oath Keepers because they had a coordinated they're a militia. They literally referred to themselves as militia, and those people are getting treated very different than the people who broke glass or sat on pants. Pelosi's desk. Those people are getting three months suspended. Sentence is 6 month sentences and the Oath Keepers. Who are militia? They call themselves a militia. They're dangerous and they're treating them very differently. And they're the only ones who are being charged with the more serious 10 to 20 year sentences. So I would say they are doing a great job. Alright everybody, this has been an amazing journey from truckers to Joe Rogan and all the way to Uranus and back for the Rain Man David Sacks. The Sultan of science. David Grazer outro. Jason and would never end dictator. They know we are. They live for the people. Love it. My God. Love you, boys. We'll see you all next time on the bye. Bye. Love you, besties. Let your winners ride Rain Man, David Saxon. We open sources to the fans and they've just gone crazy with it. Besties? That is my dog taking out your driveway. Ohh man. We should all just get a room and just have one big huge **** because they're all kinds of useless. It's like this, like sexual tension that they just need to release some out there. Beat, beat. See what we need to get merchants on?