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#AIS: Glenn Greenwald & Matt Taibbi discuss the new political divide, moderated by David Sacks

#AIS: Glenn Greenwald & Matt Taibbi discuss the new political divide, moderated by David Sacks

Sat, 28 May 2022 05:34

This conversation was recorded LIVE at the All-In Summit in Miami!

0:00 David Sacks explains the origin of this panel on political discourse in America

2:56 Understanding the new political divide, how Trump's victory impacted discourse

12:37 Can mainstream media ever get back to relative neutrality?

29:15 Audience Q&A

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So Glenn Greenwald and Matt Taibbi, folks. So by way of introduction, the the I want to just sort of tell the story of how this panel happened. It arose out of almost a throwaway comment that Jason made on episode of the Pod where he was talking about, you know, lining up speakers for this event. And he said that, you know, he was having a hard time getting liberals and all he could find were like right wingers like Glenn Greenwald and Matt Taibbi. And in terms of this, just to explain their backgrounds a little bit, you know Matt used to be the they're both independent journalists who write phenomenal columns on sub stack and all of you should check it on subscribe. And by the way, they also do call in shows on a phenomenal podcasting platform that you should all check out. But but Matt was sort of like the the left wing firebrand, sort of populist firebrand on writing for Rolling Stone, who back in 2009 was asking the question, why the people who caused the great financial crisis, why no one was going to jail. And Glen, you know, broke the Snowden story about how the government was engaging in mass surveillance on all of us and raising questions about the infringement of our civil liberties. So, you know, both these guys. Have, I'd say, you know, well established bona fides, you know, used to be considered left wing sort of liberal bona fides, but now today somehow they've been read out of what you would call liberalism today. And so that comment that Jason made sort of, I think there's so much to unpack there on how that happened. What does liberalism today mean if it doesn't include you guys? And and so that that maybe that's the place to start is trying to understand what has happened in our politics that makes you guys not liberal anymore and what is liberalism and then what is conservatism and or even thinking about the political divide in our country the right way if left versus right doesn't really capture it anymore. So that was sort of the the, the the starting point for this who wants to just react to anything I just said. Yeah, well, first of all, it's of course very gratifying to realize that your attendance at a conference is due to a throwaway line from dancing. So. Super honored to hear that that that's the reason why we were invited. Let your winners ride. Man David. We open sources to the fans and they've just gone crazy. Queen of king. Yeah, you know, it's interesting. I guess. We joined a long list of other far right luminaries like Russell Brand, who has spent the last 15 years as one of the most vocal devotees to the socialist Jeremy Corbyn. He's now also on the right and Joe Rogan, who just 18 months ago said to millions of people that his favorite candidate running for president was Bernie Sanders, the socialist left wing candidate from Vermont. And even now. Elon Musk, who voted for Barack Obama in 2012 over Mitt Romney and is one of the largest donors to the ACLU. Sometimes, somehow he's also on the far right. So in some sense, it's just become a kind of punishing label that's designed to stigmatize or demonize anybody who in any way dissents from or diverges from. Liberal orthodoxy is just kind of an enforcement or coercive label that has no meaning, just bereft of any actual substance. But I think there's a broader dynamic underneath it all, which is that, you know, it is true that every five years, 10 years, what was once an issue at the forefront of our debates goes to the background and other issues go to the forefront. So 10 years ago we were spending a lot of time debating things like Obama's drone program where Guantanamo not being closed or as you said, the work Matt was doing on, you know, derivatives and the fraud. The Wall Street we don't talk much about that anymore. We spend a lot of time now talking instead about whether the Internet should be this instrument of censorship and information control. Whether we should trust the US security state to dictate what is and is not disinformation, whether we should be involved in very similar kinds of proxy wars like we spent the Cold War doing over places like Ukraine. And so in one way, it's natural that political alliances shift is different issues go to the fore and alliances change as a result. But I think something much more important is that liberalism itself has changed, largely by virtue of Donald Trump. Because liberals as a defining view, maybe. As an overarching view, maybe, maybe, maybe Democrats, not little. Yeah. By liberals I just mean kind of the mainstream wing of the Democratic Party, the way Hillary, you know, Hillary Clinton calls herself progressive. So again illustrating the bankruptcy of these terms. But by Liberals I just mean kind of like the Nancy Pelosi, Barack Obama, Hillary Clinton, Chuck Schumer wing have come to believe that the overarching way to understand politics is that there's one primary menace and risk. To the United States, which is Donald Trump, his movement and the Republican Party. And it's not just that they have a bad ideology, but that their actual fascist trying to instill a white nationalist dictatorship. And if you actually believe that, if that's something that you genuinely believe on some level, that becomes rational to start embracing authoritarian methods of resisting that, of combating that censoring, you know, using due process, free processes to punish people and deprive them of their liberty. And I think anytime a political movement gets convinced that it is no longer involved in a political debate, but a historic war between pure good and pure evil, it starts to turn to authoritarian tactics to win because it believes that's justified or even necessary. And those authority, authoritarian tactic happens to be the ones that the left traditionally had opposed and now are embracing. And I guess Matt and I didn't decide that we were going to change our views over the last 30 years about these issues. And that has caused this organic breach not just between us two, but others like us. And as I said, anyone who finds themselves outside of liberal orthodoxy automatically receives the far right label. Yeah, first of all, I agree with all that. And you know, for me it's even funnier because prior to 2008 I would say that. It's sort of like the triumphant insult comic dog of journalism. Basically, my job at Rolling Stone was to throw up one liners about Republicans. My editors almost never sent me to a democratic function because they didn't want me describing those events in in a colorful way. Let's put it that way. So I got I got sent to a lot of events where people like Sarah Palin or Fred Thompson or Mike Huckabee would be speaking. I actually won a National Magazine award for a column about Huckabee called my Favorite Nut job. And. But then after 2008, after Obama got elected, they assigned me to do a story, one story about the 2008 financial crisis, essentially with the idea of explaining it in terms of people who are not financial professionals could understand. So I did one story that was really about AIG, and we got this overwhelming response that we'd never gotten before from readers we've never heard from before. And that led to me doing 8 years of work instead of one story. And one of the themes that came out of that reporting was that in the sort of post bailout economy, the wealth gap was widening. And you know, I just read a statistic that said that during the Obama years, the bottom 99% saw their average wealth decrease by $4900, whereas. The top 1% saw its wealth increase by an average of $4.9 million. And so, you know, I didn't make that much that big of a deal of this in my reporting, but when 2016 came around. Yeah, like in covering both the Trump and Sanders campaigns, it was abundantly clear that this widening wealth gap and the stress that it had placed on populations on both the left and the right, was a significant factor in this race. And when I started to write this in the context of covering Trump, rather than just doing the usual thing of tossing off insults about the candidate, which is easy enough to do with Trump. I started to say things like, well, there are reasons why he's succeeding. He's attracting crowds that are not just the usual Republican crowds. There are former Union members here. They have a lot in common with the crowds who show up at Bernie Sanders events. And I started to notice a distinctly unpleasant reaction from people inside the business, where it quickly became taboo to explain Donald Trump in any way. Other than this is a white supremacist movement and he's appealing to you know, the lowest common denominator through that kind of messaging. Now I I happen to believe that that's that was part of certainly part of what was going on but it wasn't the whole explanation. But I think Trump is, is the dividing line of what you're talking about if if you if you don't have, if you have a nuanced explanation for Donald Trump. Then you can't be part of the club anymore because the. The dominant narrative requires that he be cartoonized, you know, in the same way that we used to do it with figures like Saddam Hussein or or Putin. Now, you know, we call it the Hitler of the month club, right? If you're not willing to just do that, and if you try to actually explain what, where all these voters coming from, why are they upset, what went wrong that this would happen? Also known as the purpose of journalism. Yeah, exactly right. Which is supposed to be our job. I think both of us quickly learn that there that was not welcome. And, you know, after Trump got elected, I think that that instinct to crowd out anyone who was interested in going there and trying to figure out what was wrong that it caused 2016, you know, suddenly became an apostate. And by the way, that includes. Some politicians like, you know, Bernie Sanders, I think was one of the people who was very interested in examining what happened in 2016. And and I think that's one of the reasons why there was such a violent reaction to his candidacy in both 2016 and 2020. So for me, I think that's the dividing line. It's not like something's changed so much with liberalism or it's it's really about Trump, I think. And and journalism has adjusted. It is, you know, we've we've gone from being people whose primary job is to be curious about why things happen to being advocates who believe that, you know, certain people have to be opposed at all costs. And even if that cost is, you know, a little bit of the truth or a lot of it, you know. So having ripped the umpire jersey off their backs to basically stop the Trump menace, it seems like journalism can't now go back to even a pretense of neutrality is that so it basically has happened now I think so I think and I think you see that in in what happened what's happening with the ratings that that cable stations. You know I warned about this in 2016 and I I wrote a column in the in that summer saying that a model where. Basically, right Wing Media wrote about the evils of the Democratic Party and Blue Media wrote about the evils of the Republican Party. That that just wouldn't work audience wise because audiences would no longer trust either source to be objective and to report the facts. And I think that's where we are now. Like we see the declining the declining ratings of of companies like CNN and MSNBC. Which were previously thought of as more kind of down the road, down the middle of the road news agencies and now are thought of as politicized and they're having a terrible trouble kind of going back because once you cross that line into politics. You can't get your reputation back as a neutral fact Finder anymore. Yeah. I think people forget what things were like before Trump, since he's such a, you know, kind of ubiquitous presence, as Matt was saying. And for me, I, you know, he also defines and is responsible for most of the changes we're discussing. But back in 2015, most of these news organizations were on the brink of collapse. Every MSNBC host was on the verge of being fired, you know, a couple of months away from being fired because nobody was watching. The New York Times had severe financial difficulty. There was talk about whether they would have to declare bankruptcy because their balance sheet was so drowning in debt, and Trump saved them all. He saved the entire industry. They all owed their jobs, their second homes, the ability to pay off their IRS debt to Donald Trump because you can trace his emergence on the scene to when people started watching those programs again and what they did was they rebranded. As the resistance to Donald Trump and they sacrificed any even pretense of journalistic function. They know if you and then you just look at polling data that 95% of the people who watch MSNBC and 93% of the people who read the New York Times and trust it identify as Democrats. So there's a completely polarized media. You know one of the kind of non media examples is the ACLU. There was an article in 2015 in the ACLU about the ACLU in the Washington Post. That they were mass layoff that had to engage in mass layoffs to their staff. They had no money. Trump gets inaugurated. They start tweeting, you know, every day we'll see you in court, Mr Trump, and like stimulating the, you know, kind of G zones of every liberal. And suddenly they're drowning in money, like millions and millions of dollars, you know, like building like the ACLU. You know, it's always financially struggled. And as a result, they're completely captive now to that kind of an audience. You know, I have a friend, I guess I had a friend at who was, who was a host of an MSNBC. And they once told me that they don't get show by show ratings, they get segment by segment ratings. And ever since Trump, they told me the minute you put on anybody who's critical of the Democratic Party anyway, you can just see the audience completely disappear, which you can imagine a person in that position. What an enforcement mechanism that is to know that they have a salary in kids and they need to pay for college and their mortgage. And they know if they do anything that deviates at all from Democratic Party doctrine, they're going to lose their audience. The New York Times. Was that the ACLU knows that, and so, yeah, I think they're all not. It's not just that they lost their credibility and can't get it back, which is absolutely true, as Matt said. It's also that they're now captive to this kind of prison cell that they built for themselves, chasing the sugar high that Trump provided. Just really quickly, I got to tell the story in the middle of all this phenomenon, reporters were arguing about whether or not we should be covering them less, because maybe we had helped him get the nomination. You know, I covered Trump's campaign and this was a hot topic and on the bus at the time. But then it was sort of decided that, Nah, he's just making us all so much money, let's just, let's just go with it. And I remember being in Indianapolis when Trump sewed up the the nomination by beating crews who still had a mathematical chance of winning, I guess if he had done well there. But Trump, if you remember during that particular race accused. Cruise of being the Zodiac Killer. Which was hilarious because Cruz was born two years after the killings ended. So but there was one reporter I know who who who actually got the nerve up to ask I I believe it was I believe it was Cruz's wife about about the the accusations like what do you have to say to the idea that you know that you know your your your husband is this is the Zodiac killer and he's telling me the story about this afterwards and he goes, you know. I felt so dirty doing it, but I also felt so great. So I think that's where they were. They were in that space for a long time. The media. The media. And Trump had a weird, codependent relationship. Just in terms of trying to appeal to people out there who may not be Trump fans or to to get through to them on this point, it just seems to me that when you lose an election anytime and you lose an election as a party, you need to analyze what went wrong. And especially when the candidate is a complete political novice with no, you know, no prior experience and had so many attributes that historically were considered extreme negatives. And it seems to me that if you're just to look. At what happened in 2016, Trump was able to ride a few key issues all the way to the White House. One was these, you know, foreign wars, these interventions that we've had in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Libya, that were disasters. We hadn't gotten out of Afghanistan yet, but it was on its way to being a historic 20 year failure. He shattered the Republican Party with that message. No more bushes. He then took the issue of trade and basically broke down the Democrats. Blue Wall and the Rust Belt by basically pointing out the ways that our trade, our bipartisan trade policy, just like our bipartisan foreign you know, our war policy had led to the D industrialization of the of the Rust Belt and then he also used the immigrant, the the issue of immigration, which was sort of closely related to that idea of creating wage pressure on the working class. So you would think that having rode those issues all the way to the White House that there would be some sort of. Reappraisal, and instead it seems like what the elite did to protect itself was create these mythologies that Trump somehow got elected. Not because the people of the country were fed up with the way that it had been run for 20 years by both parties, but rather because the Russians somehow were behind it or or the country was shot through with white supremacy and that somehow explained it. And so we never really got a a true sort of accounting or reappraisal of what Trump's election meant and instead the media turned to like this hysteria, this mode that we're not even out of yet. Your reactions to that? No, I think, you know, it's one of the most amazing things about the 2016 election, which is first of all, you know, in a lot of ways Barack Obama being this kind of one son of generation political talent papered over the the incredibly serious. Systemic problems the Democrats had even while he was being reelected. Underneath Obama and all his glitter and glamour, the Democratic Party was collapsing. They were losing statehouses and congressional seats and governorships all over the country. And the reason for that is the anger, the growing anger, with the neoliberal policies that the Democratic Party in the early 1990s had decided to embrace and love the working class politics for which they had always been known the kind of clintonia aite. Pronouncement that the Democratic Party needs to start embracing corporate America instead of unions. That it needs to move much closer to these politics. Politics that says, you know, we're going to encourage. Corporate America, we're going to embrace the Pentagon and all of that. And it radically changed the the Democratic Party into this party of technocracy and the elites, culminating with the Obama presidency. And the only what is amazing is in 2016 the Democrats lost the White House to a game show host. And so you would think they would wonder why that happened, as you were saying, right? You would think they would wonder, what is it about us that. Caused us to lose to Donald Trump and instead they invented this long list of people that they decided were to blame instead. Vladimir Putin, principally WikiLeaks, Jill Stein, for having the audacity to continue to run for president. You know, a whole long list of villains, essentially everybody except themselves and the people who are responsible for it. And and and I think the the most toxic narrative is the one that said the only reason Trump won was because the country is radically and fundamentally racist. And he capitalized on that. And what's so amazing about that is there are literally millions of voters in excess of 10 million depending on how you count, but definitely an excess of 10 million voters who twice voted for Barack Obama in 2008 and 12 and then in 2016 voted for Donald Trump. There are increasing numbers of non white voters all over the country moving to the Republican Party under Trump and voting increasingly for Trump. He had a larger share of black voters. Latino voters, Asian American voters than any Republican candidate in decades on those trends are only worsening. And so you have this media that has no interest in and no ability to understand how the majority of people in the United States live because their lives are completely separate, lived in these isolated enclaves, in this kind of liberal bubble. And, you know, just today there was this amazing article by Rolling Stone. It was about what? Most of you have probably heard which was this horrific mass murder in Buffalo where an 18 year old white kid feeding on this kind of ideology of racial hatred that has become fringe but very dangerous around the West. Went into a store that he knew was predominantly black and shot as many people as he could killing ten of them. And then the article by Rolling Stone that was published this morning was he is not a lone wolf shooter, he is a mainstream Republican. So I think all of you should be very careful because you're currently in a country where half of the people in this country apparently are psychotic Nazis on the verge of like some sort of mass murder outbreak including huge numbers of non white. Americans who are supporters of the Republican Party, and the more you kind of immerse yourself in an instant in a set of institutional beliefs and a kind of ethos of your enclave, you know, just constantly hearing a belief reinforced and reinforced. The more you believe it, the more you're immersed in it, the more immune you become to facts that negate it. And so that's the reason why the media is so incurious, because they've embraced this narrative, that the only reason. Anyone would vote for Republicans. The only reason anyone would vote for Trump is because they're racist or they're fascists or or their white supremacist and it's left them completely unable to grapple with things like 10 million people voting twice for Obama and then for Trump. Or the fact is Matt alluded to, there were all kinds of people in 2016 who if you asked them they would say, yeah, I have two favorite candidates this year and you would say who are they? And they would say Bernie Sanders and Donald Trump to a working. Journalists. Most most working journalists are pundits or political operatives. That makes no sense. They can't comprehend that because they see the world through this traditional left right prism. That for increasing sections of the country, I would argue a majority is no longer applicable, is no longer how they see the world. And this is so dangerous when you have this radical breach between the opinion making, journalistic class and elite class on the one hand, and most of the population on the other, they just live. Completely different lives work with a completely set of of beliefs about the world, have completely different sets of interest. And if you look at countries throughout history where that has happened, where there's been this complete divergences between the people who hold power in the country and the rest of the country over whom they exercise that power, instability at best, and usually much worse. Things inevitably arise, and I really think that's the point that we're at. Just quickly to piggyback on that, one of the big stories that went uncovered and and continues to go uncovered is the transformation of the Democratic electorate. The last time I looked at this, 41 of the richest 50 congressional districts in America had Democrats in those seats, and all of the top 10 richest districts were won by Democrats. And whereas as recently as 1992, the split was more like 5050. You know if you if you live in an affluent suburb. The overwhelming majority of the voters are there are going to be Democrats now. And the big divide in American politics is no longer about ideology. It's significantly about income and and even more education. It's a split between people who have high school degrees or less and people who are college educated. And this is one of the reasons why Donald Trump was was so effusive. Been saying I love the poorly educated because, you know, they're they. They both for him. But this is a, this is another tab we subject. Nobody likes to talk about this because it speaks to a transformation that happened in the in the Democratic Party that began, I think, with Clinton. When, you know, they went away from relying on unions for financial support, you know, the DLC's big strategic idea was let's be more competitive on the fundraising front by, you know, being more pro business or pro growth. That was the term that they used. A lot and a couple of decades later what we what you end up with is a party that no longer has any real organic connection to to working people of any kind. And so, you know I think, I think that's that's a massive factor in all of this is that the reporting on class politics has become taboo. All you have to do is is go to a Donald Trump event and you can you can see it clearly that the that the composition of the crowds is vastly different. And what you see at a democratic event and that's one of the reasons why they hated the media because they saw us as upper class representatives of the coastal elite who all live in New York, LA and Washington, which is true for the most part. And you know it got increasingly hostile as as time went on and that's why Trump was scoring so many points going after us because we were symbols of the upper class. And that's another reason why I think the the. The divide is no longer neatly between left and right anymore. It's it has a lot more to do with class than it ever did before. OK, David, I'm over here to your hey, I know you want to take a question or two from the audience as we wrap. Sure. Yeah. Let's take some questions. And I I thought I would kick it off. Great discussion about the left moving really far left and taking advantage of the Trump bump in their ratings. I'm curious. You kind of left out Fox News kind of mastering and Rupert Murdoch, they kind of created this playbook. In a way, and the left copied it. Isn't that basically how it happened that people saw, Wow, Fox Media is just making so much Fox News specific. It was making so much money by picking aside that the New York Times and MSNBC, etcetera, while just said, you know what? We might as well pick the other side and just take this playbook and get the money. That's kind of what happened, isn't it? Yeah, I mean, I wrote a book about this called Hate Inc, which yeah, that's basically, basically the thesis is that Fox pioneered a new way to make money in media, which sort of like the audience optimization model. Like you you pick a Group A demographic and then you try to dominate it by feeding it news that you know that those people are going to respond to that had that was never the the way things worked before for an ordinary news agency, they would they would just cover what they thought was important. Once you know, has anybody stayed neutral math? I mean like if you look at Reuters or AP, it's clear the New York Times, MSNBC, they've just gone full subscribed to us. If you hate Trump, you know we're going to give you what you want. But is there anybody in the middle still, man? Well, I think that's one of the reasons why you're seeing sub stack do well right is it's not so much that it's left or right or it. It's just that there's there's most people are not partisans. Most people live somewhere in the middle. Right. And and have the opinions that are all over the place and they cannot stand turning on the television and knowing exactly what they're going to say ahead of time. And so they're looking for some place that's that's different where where you have differences of opinion. And that's that's why I think independent media is doing better than ever. I mean the the most influential person in in media, even though the the mainstream part of the media never talks about him because he's not part of them is without question Joe Rogan. He speaks to more people who are under, you know, 85 years old, which is the cable audience then anybody on television by far. And it's because, as Matt just said, you cannot pin him down ideologically, nor is he does he have fealty to anyone's political faction or certainly to any political party. He's just a curious person, sometimes on the left and sometimes on the right and sometimes neither, exactly like most Americans. I mean, it's such a great point, Glenn, and in fact. If you were going to pin him, if you just looked at how he voted, he'd be a Democrat. And the fact that the Democrats have Joe Rogan and Elon Musk having been their supporters and voting for them for decades and they're too stupid to pull them into their party is just show they do the opposite. They say no, Joe Rogan, we know that you love Bernie Sanders, the most far left candidate ever to be viable in decades, but even though you love him, we're going to demand that you're our enemy and call you Fr, right? Fanatic, even though you don't think you are. Yeah, we're gonna demand that Bernie Sanders renounce Joe Rogan's endorsement. But that's our plan for winning the election. Exactly. I mean, sacks. Yeah, as much as you and I go at it with, like, how absolutely horrific the Republican Party is, I mean, the Democrats are so incompetent to not court the two most influential people in America today, Joe Rogan and Elon Musk. I mean, it's they're they're alienating them. They're radicalizing them away from them is it's even worse. I mean, is there any. I mean, saxist just flabbergasted, but yeah. Is there any way? Glen, you. Then comment on this and explain what you think the Democrats are thinking. Or are they just not thinking strategically about winning elections? I you know, I think I I think in addition to what you guys just talked about in terms of NBC or MSNBC and CNN copying the model, there has been a radical change in the composition of the Republican Party ideologically because of Trump. Not because Trump is some sort of like, disciplined political theorist or deep thinker, but because he ushered in, as David was saying earlier, he ran in 2016 in opposition to Bush, Cheney foreign policy and opposition to Reagan economics. He railed against the power of large. Preparations at the expense of the working person, something you never would have heard from Reagan. But he also ushered in a lot of hostility toward agencies like the CIA and the NSA and the FBI, something that had always been the province of the left. And so now you have an enormous amount of space opened on the right for all kinds of views that had previously been closed. And they think there's just a lot more vibrancy on the right, a lot more internal debate. Whereas in the Democratic Party, it's just a very much you're either with us or you're against us. Mindset and any deviation as we were talking about at the beginning, automatically results in them proclaiming either enemy, which doesn't seem like a very effective way of doing politics to me. OK, let's take a quick question from the audience. Let's talk about Elon behind his back before he joins. What's your guys take? Is you serious? Is he going to buy it? And what is, you know, what do you think the fallout is going to be? You know, I don't know if he's going to buy it or not. I think that I haven't really gone into the details of that, but I what I do think is fascinating is the reaction by people. And media to even the proposition that he might buy Twitter. These are people who have been absolutely comfortable with, you know, a handful of people controlling, you know, 95 to 98% of the media distribution in this country. You know, for years now they've never ever once complained about it at anytime you ever complain about censorship, they say, oh, that's not censorship, that this is a private platform. They can do whatever they want. That's that's always been the response. Suddenly Elon Musk comes along and it's Oh my God, the the this, the the threat of an oligarch taking over a media platform. What are we ever gonna do? I mean, problems like that in the Washington Post, which is owned by Jeff Bezos, right? Yeah, exactly. Yeah. The idea of and isn't the New York Times run by a family of four? That's not really that poor. Yeah, this older generations, right. We'll take a final question from the audience. So I actually agree with a lot of what's been said here. And one of my questions is, you know, we were talking about is Trump even ideologically a Republican? My question is, as long as one of them is winning the Republicans or the Democrats, aren't both of them winning? Like do you guys have any thoughts on that? I didn't hear the as long as one, as long as one of them, the Republicans are Democrats are winning, are they collectively winning? I guess should there be a third party? I mean isn't that the issue that we're it's such a binary? Polarized system. I think Glenn said in the middle that we were really all more moderates. That's my belief. But just curious. No, it's, I mean, it's a great, you know, I think probably the worst media myth is that the two parties can never get along. There's no more bipartisanship. They're so radically different. They can't agree on anything when the reality is they agree on most things. It's just that the only things we hear about are the times when they disagree, but overwhelmingly on foreign policy and economic policy, Obama himself said. The two parties are essentially playing within the 40 yard line. So the entire rest of the playing field is basically not part of the political process because they have the same fundamental beliefs. And I think one of the reasons why Trump was such a shock to the system was not because the Trump administration itself was a deviation from American political tradition. It wasn't, but because some of the things he said, like questioning NATO and whether it has viability, was designed to undermine that bipartisan consensus. But I think in general, you're right. That the establishment wings of both parties are far more in agreement with one another than they are different. And I think you're also right that as long as those two wings of each party continue to trade power, the ruling class in the United States is is very happy. All right, let's give it up for Glenn, Matt. We'll let your winners ride Rain Man, David Sachs. We open source it to the fans and they've just gone crazy with it. Thank you. Do you want? Besties are gone. My dog thinking it was your driveway. Ohh man. We should all just get a room and just have one big huge **** because they're all this useless. It's like this, like sexual tension that they just need to release somehow. Beep. Beep. See what? Where did you get mercies? I'm going.